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Indonesian Coal Market News and Analysis

Indonesia is the world’s third-largest coal producer as well as one if its largest net exporters – accounting for over 40% of total world steam coal exports in 2015. The island nation primarily exports to China and India, which compete to import low-grade Indonesian coal. Indonesia is China’s largest supplier, with China’s import levels from Indonesia serving to determine Indonesian coal prices. IHS Markit launched the Indonesian sub-bituminous index in 2010 and offers detailed pricing for two other types of Indonesian coal types as well.

With China as one of its main customers, Indonesia has suffered from China’s economic slowdown and India’s failure to fill the gap as the latter turns increasingly to domestic suppliers. The 2015 decrease in Asian demand for coal hit Indonesian suppliers the hardest, wiping out three years of growth. At the same time, Indonesian suppliers face growing competition in other key markets, where overreliance on Indonesian coal has surfaced as a concern, and South Africa and Columbia are emerging as attractive alternative supply sources.

Still, Indonesian coal presents massive potential: In 2013, the country had 28 BMT of bituminous and sub-bituminous coal. Its reserves are young albeit of low calorific value. With its ample infrastructure, the country has not only been able to supply low-grade coal to China and India, but also much of Southeast Asia and Korea. IHS Markit expects Indonesia to continue to play a key role in providing for these demand centers with thermal coal exports reaching 367MMT by 2020 and steadily increasing through 2040.

You can find detailed Indonesian coal market data and forward-looking insight through our APAC and African Coal Market News and Analysis, including:

  • Key price indices:
    • Indonesian Sub-Bit FOB 4,900kc NAR
    • Indonesian FOB (6,000kc NAR)/FOB (5,500kc NAR)
    • Indonesian FOB (4,200kc GAR)/FOB (3,800kc GAR)
  • Detailed Indonesian import and export statistics for metallurgical, steam and petcoke—detailed view of where Indonesia exports to monthly and volume amounts available in Coal Price Data Trade and Industry Statistics
  • Indonesia production and consumption data for metallurgical, steam and petcoke
  • Analysis of major producers, producing regions, transportation costs
  • Analysis of the latest Indonesian coal market news
Visit APAC and African Coal Market News & Analysis to view the latest analysis.

Experts

Scott Dendy

He was instrumental in designing, developing and launching the McCloskey/Xinhua Infolink South China CFR 5,500kc marker as well as API8, API5 and API3 (in conjunction with Argus Media) for IHS Markit. He has overseen the rapid uptake in traded derivative volumes based against IHS Markit's McCloskey Indonesian Sub-bituminous FOB marker. His role demands a good understanding of trading, both in physical and derivative/futures markets, from how they work to how they are developed, launched and adopted. He is also the managing editor of International Nuclear Business from IHS Markit. Previously, Mr. Dendy was the editor of UK Powerfocus for The McCloskey Group, where he closely followed the UK's New Electricity Trading Agreements (NETA). He worked on a number of European power modeling projects for Power Ink Limited, where he also co-edited a quarterly UK power generation report for Financial Times Energy.  During the early 2000s, Mr. Dendy worked within the Power Development division of the international engineering consultancy Mott MacDonald. Before that, he worked at the energy purchasing consultancy John Hall Associates. He has more than 17 years of experience in covering energy-related traded markets. Mr. Dendy has a Master's Degree in History from the University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

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Jim Thompson

He is conversant on worldwide market trends, with a focus on the North American coal markets. Mr. Thompson provides expertise both in thermal coal for electricity production and metallurgical coal for use in the steelmaking process. He is widely quoted by leading financial newspapers and speaks at multiple, industry-related conferences. He has more than two decades of experience in providing analysis and insight on coal markets for coal producers and consumers, as well as for financial analysts and investors.​ Mr. Thompson co-founded Energy Publishing, which was acquired by IHS Markit in 2013, and is now part of IHS Markit. He graduated from Dallas Baptist University.​​

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Bob Hodge

He leads a team of writers who report daily on the US coal industry, assessing coal prices, production, transportation and coal-fired power generation. He has more than a decade of years of experience in research and writing about both thermal and metallurgical coal markets in America, as well as legislative and regulatory issues that impact the coal industry. Mr. Hodge is a graduate of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, US.

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