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Week Ahead Economic Preview: Week of 18 April 2022

The following is an extract from S&P Global Market Intelligence's latest Week Ahead Economic Preview. For the full report, please click on the 'Download Full Report' link.

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April flash PMIs, China Q1 GDP and data barrage in focus

Flash PMIs released in the coming week across major developed economies offer a first look into the degree to which these countries have been affected by the Ukraine war and China lockdowns so far in April. Data out of China including Q1 GDP, March retail sales and industrial production will also offer clues on the impact of the stricter COVID-19 restrictions on economic activities. Meanwhile Canada and the eurozone update inflation figures while policymakers at Bank Indonesia meet in the week.

Midway into April, concerns over geopolitics, the global macro economy and monetary policy remain at the top of investors' minds as seen through the lens of the latest April S&P Global Investment Manager Index. The survey shows US equity market returns in the next 30 days are expected to remain in negative territory. With that said, we did find western economies, notably including the US, faring well in March on the back of easing COVID-19 containment measures that buoyed services performance. Worries over demand destruction as a result of heightened price pressures had also been temporarily allayed for the likes of the US and UK. Whether this can continue into April remains to be seen, especially with China's deteriorating virus conditions having added to supply concerns.

Likewise across in APAC, Japan felt the heightened price pressures in March due to the COVID-19 disruptions in China. Although inflationary pressures were not as severe for APAC economies compared to their western counterparts, business confidence was adversely affected, and signs of any feed through of the darkening mood into actual output and demand changes will be eagerly assessed in next week's data.

Finally, official China's Q1 GDP growth and March retail sales and industrial production data will be in focus after the latest Caixin PMI readings indicated that both the manufacturing and service sectors contracted at the fastest pace since the pandemic first began.

April flash PMIs: demand resilience facing tough headwinds

Flash PMI's will provide the first indications of economic in April, with insights into a number of issues eagerly awaited.

March data had shown the US and UK being buoyed by the further reopening of these economies from COVID-19 health restrictions, but growth in the eurozone had been subdued by the Ukraine invasion while mainland China sank into a steep decline amid fresh lockdown measures. Rising prices meanwhile remained prevalent, leading to a worsening inflation outlook, likely to have bene exacerbated further in April by the twin effects of China's new lockdowns and the Russia-Ukraine war.

The global economy is therefore facing numerous headwinds, with the ongoing pandemic and war in Europe adding to supply delays and inflationary pressures, the latter not only severely dampening consumer sentiment around the world as well as pushing central banks into more hawkish stances.

Key to the outlook will therefore be the degree to which demand can remain resilient in the face of these headwinds. Global service sectors are likely to be buoyed by the tailwind of the further easing of travel restrictions, but are higher prices starting to destroy demand? One insight here is the number of PMI survey respondents globally who report that their output is being buoyed by 'rising' or 'recovering' demand. So far this year, this has fallen to the lowest since the pandemic upturn began in the second quarter of 2020, lifting only modestly in March from the Omicron-induced weakness seen at the very start of the year. These data suggest much of the boost to demand from the pandemic opening up has now faded, hinting at weaker growth in coming months.

Key diary events

Monday 18 Apr
UK, Germany, Australia, Switzerland, Norway, New Zealand, China Market Holiday
Singapore Non-Oil Exports (Mar)
China (Mainland) Retail Sales, Industrial Output, Urban Investments, Trade Balance (Mar)
China (Mainland) GDP (Q1)
Indonesia Trade (Mar)
Malaysia Trade
United States NAHB Housing Market Index (Apr)

Tuesday 19 Apr
Australia RBA Meeting Minutes (Apr)
Eurozone Reserve Assets Total (Mar)
Canada House Starts (Mar)
United States Building Permits and Housing Starts (Mar)
Indonesia 7-Day Reverse Repo (Apr)

Wednesday 20 Apr
Japan Trade (Mar)
Germany Producer Prices (Mar)
Taiwan Export Orders (Mar)
Eurozone Industrial Production (Feb)
Canada CPI (Mar)
United States Existing Home Sales (Mar)

Thursday 21 Apr
New Zealand CPI (Q1)
Eurozone HICP (Mar, final)
United Kingdom CBI Distributive Trades (Apr)
United States Initial Jobless Claims
United States Philly Fed Business Index (Apr)
Eurozone Consumer Confidence (Apr, flash)
US Fed Beige Book

Friday 22 Apr
Australia S&P Global Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
Japan au Jibun Bank Flash Manufacturing PMI*
UK S&P Global/CIPS Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
Germany S&P Global Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
France S&P Global Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
Eurozone S&P Global Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
US S&P Global Flash PMI, Manufacturing & Services*
Japan CPI (Mar)
Thailand Customs-Based Trade Data (Mar)
United Kingdom Retail Sales MM (Mar)
Taiwan Jobless Rate (Mar)
Canada Producer Prices (Mar)
Canada Retail Sales (Feb)

* Press releases of indices produced by S&P Global and relevant sponsors
can be found here.

What to watch

Flash PMI release for April

April's flash PMI surveys offer a first look into the health of major developed economies at the start of the second quarter, including the US, UK, eurozone, Japan and Australia. March PMI data showed divergences in performance between western economies, with the US and UK benefitted from the easing of COVID-19 restrictions while the APAC region suffered the effects of worsening supply constraints on the back of the Omicron variant's spread, notably in mainland China. Amid the persistent uncertainties brought about by both the prolonging of the Ukraine war and deterioration of virus conditions in China, April's data will be scrutinised for lingering effects. Specifically, sub-indices such as price indicators, suppliers' delivery times and future output will be assessed for changes in the severity of supply issues and business confidence.

North America: Canada inflation, US home sales

Canada's March inflation data will be in focus in the coming week following record high PMI input cost indications from the latest manufacturing survey. Besides the flash PMI data, US also releases home sales and housing start figures.

Europe: Eurozone inflation, industrial production and consumer confidence data, UK retail sales

Final inflation figures, industrial production and flash consumer confidence data will be due from the eurozone while UK updates retail sales data. Consumer trends are likely to have worsened in the face of decade-high inflation readings in the eurozone and UK.

Asia-Pacific: China Q1 GDP, retail sales and industrial production data, Bank Indonesia meeting

The first quarter GDP reading will be due from China after annual growth slowed to 4.0% in Q4 2021. On the back of the country's struggle with outbreaks of the more infectious COVID-19 Omicron variant and the Russia-Ukraine war that broke out in Q1, growth risks have risen. Other data, including retail sales and industrial production, are also of interest for a sense of the degree to which the latest movement restrictions have affected output, particularly after the Caixin China General Composite PMI showed business activity falling at the fastest pace since February 2020. Separately, Bank Indonesia updates monetary policy next week with no changes to rates expected until H2 2022.

Special reports:

Inflation Outlook Worsens as PMI Data Show Steepest Rise in Global Business Costs Since 2008 - Chris Williamson

Economic Impact of Russia-Ukraine War on the Asia-Pacific Region - Rajiv Biswas

Download full report


© 2022, IHS Markit Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.

Purchasing Managers' Index™ (PMI™) data are compiled by IHS Markit for more than 40 economies worldwide. The monthly data are derived from surveys of senior executives at private sector companies, and are available only via subscription. The PMI dataset features a headline number, which indicates the overall health of an economy, and sub-indices, which provide insights into other key economic drivers such as GDP, inflation, exports, capacity utilization, employment and inventories. The PMI data are used by financial and corporate professionals to better understand where economies and markets are headed, and to uncover opportunities.

Learn how to access and receive PMI data


This article was published by S&P Global Market Intelligence and not by S&P Global Ratings, which is a separately managed division of S&P Global.

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