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Steep backwardation will continue to restrain North American upstream M&A
Q2'18 M&A Review
Second quarter 2018 deal count for the North America region declined by nearly 40% to the lowest quarterly total in more than two years. Deal count remains sluggish despite increasing spot crude oil prices, as the longer-term crude oil futures curve remains in steep backwardization, causing potential buyers and sellers to differ on asset valuations. Reserves-focused transactions accounted for 73% of the quarterly deal flow. There were three corporate transactions, accounting for 9% of the total deal count: two Canada and one US-focused.
Figure 1: North America quarterly deal count and average WTI spot price
Deal value fell by half to $10 billion for the first time since the third quarter 2015. The top three transactions accounted for about 45% of total North America deal value. Three out of the four $1 billion-plus acquisitions were corporate takeovers and there were 17 acquisitions with deal value of $100 million and over. Corporate deals accounted for 39% of the total deal value. North America accounted for four of the quarter's top five worldwide deals, including the quarter's largest deal.
Figure 2: North America quarterly deal value and average WTI spot price
Near-Term M&A Outlook
- Despite higher crude prices and a large inventory of assets on the market, the mixed quality of opportunities for sale and the steep backwardation in long-term oil futures prices is restraining overall deal activity.
- Corporate consolidation of Canadian E&Ps is slightly accelerating, as evidenced by two $1 billion-plus corporate takeovers announced in the second quarter. We expect this trend to continue because efforts to exponentially grow reserves and expand holdings in core basins will require corporate takeovers, which will primarily target Canadian E&P companies holding high-quality assets but suffering from low stock market valuations.
- Overall deal activity in Canada will continue to be restrained, hampered by the Liability Management Rating (LMR) issue, which has reduced the number of companies financially strong enough to withstand the scrutiny of Alberta regulators when seeking the transfer of oil and gas licenses.
- Permian M&A activity is trending back up, targeting primarily the Delaware Basin. We expect Permian consolidation to continue, both on a corporate and asset level. To manage the enhanced execution risk in the Permian, smaller E&Ps electing to remain independent will pursue material, focused acquisitions of contiguous operated acreage that provides economies of sale.
Figure 3: Delaware Basin price per acre for acreage-focused deals
- Private buyers, often private equity backed and with a mandate to grow their portfolio, remain essential players in the North America upstream acquisition market.
Anna Wuchek is a Principal Analyst, Companies and Transactions Research, at IHS Markit.
Posted 8 August 2018
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