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Short sellers bail on UK grocers

03 September 2018 Sam Pierson
  • UK grocers reach five-year high market capitalization in August
  • Short position lowest since 2015, in GBP terms
  • Marginal uptick in Tesco shorts following YTD high price Aug 10th
  • Shorts stick with position in Marks & Spencer

Shares of Tesco Plc have traded up 23% YTD, as the turnaround under CEO Dave Lewis gathers steam. Short sellers have substantially covered their position in the UK's largest grocer, with shares short declining 89% in 2018. Roughly a third of that position, ~200m shares, was linked to an arbitrage trade regarding the acquisition of Booker and was closed out on consummation in early March. A further 200m shares were covered over the next month leading up to the firm's earnings report on April 9th, the positive results of which caused another 50m short shares to be covered. Since then the upward price trend has caused the majority of remaining shorts to cover, however there has been a marginal uptick of 15m shares short since the TSCO price reached a YTD high on August 10th.

While the Tesco turnaround has certainly been positive for shareholders, it pales in comparison with Ocado Group Plc, shares of which are up a massive 168% YTD. The online-only grocer's performance has given short sellers cause to cover, reflected in a 75% YTD decrease in shares short. The short covering trend began in earnest after the face-melting 65% share price rally which accompanied the firm inking a deal with US grocer Kroger. The deal allows Kroger to leverage Ocado's robotics technology in the aim of competing with Amazon in the online grocery delivery business.

After Ocado, the next best performing UK grocer in 2018 has been J Sainsbury, whose shares are up 39% YTD. Following the rally in early April, short sellers started to cover, with the current 185m shares short reflecting a 37% decline from the start of the year. In a similar vein, the 22% YTD rally in Wm Morrison shares has inspired short sellers to cover 51% of the short positions they had on at the start of the year.

The outlier is Marks & Spencer, which is still down 3% after a rally off the YTD low in April. Short sellers have stayed the course, increasing the shares short by 21% YTD. The stock has likely benefitted from the rally in other UK grocer stocks, however if the price continues to rise the shorts will be faced a challenge in deciding to stick with the position.

The demand from short sellers, and related lending revenue, highlight a key benefit of securities lending for beneficial owners, namely that lending revenues often pick up to offset losses in underperforming stocks. Ocado alone accounted for $3.5m of lending revenues in the first half of 2018, 4.3% of all UK equity lending revenues. The other four UK grocers combined for further 2.3% of UK equity lending revenues. Since the start of 2016 these five stocks have combined for $43.5 in revenues, or 11% of total UK lending revenues (Ocado represents 2/3 of that revenue). While the decline in short demand is having a depressing impact on the lending revenues in Q3, from a total returns perspective shareholders will be happy to forgo that revenue in exchange for the significant share price appreciation.

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Posted 03 September 2018 by Sam Pierson, Director, Securities Finance, IHS Markit

IHS Markit provides industry-leading data, software and technology platforms and managed services to tackle some of the most difficult challenges in financial markets. We help our customers better understand complicated markets, reduce risk, operate more efficiently and comply with financial regulation.

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