Floating rigs with backlog extending at least two years continues to decline
IHS Markit analysis is showing that only 11% of floating drilling rigs worldwide have contracts that are longer than two years, with the vast majority of the fleet operating on shorter-term charters.
As seen in the chart below, when observing backlog at the end of the third quarter of each year, the number of floaters with contracts extending at least two years was in decline even before the most recent downturn began.
Figure 1: Worldwide floaters with contracts extending at least two years
In the third quarter of 2012, 141 units representing 47% of the total floater fleet had two or more years remaining on their charters. By the third quarter of 2014, when the market downturn was just starting, that figure had dropped to 111, or 34% of supply. Jumping to the end of the third quarter of 2019, only 27 floaters had two or more years left on their charters. This represents 11% of the total floater fleet. When broken down by region, the US Gulf, South America, and Northwest Europe account for nearly all of this year's total.
A reduction in the number of floaters with longer-term contracts means an increase in rig availability, less pressure on operators to contract rigs quickly and for longer term, and generally a softening in the supply/demand dynamic leading to less pressure on day rates.
The trend for shorter contracts continues. Unless operators have a set requirement for multiple wells through a dedicated development or plug-and-abandonment programme, there is as yet no pressure to contract floaters for longer than is strictly required.
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Cinnamon Edralin is a Senior Offshore Rig Market Analyst at IHS Markit.
Posted 26 November 2019.
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