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Australasian LNG-focused E&Ps look to add scale and depth to their resource portfolios, and strengthen their funding capabilities through recent merger consolidation wave

31 August 2021 Jason Keely

The full throttle mergers and acquisition (M&A) market in 2021 has swept over the Australasian LNG-focused E&Ps (Woodside, Santos, Oil Search) in recent weeks, as the group seeks to add scale and depth to their portfolios, and strengthen their funding capabilities through all-stock merger arrangements. In early August, Santos Ltd. and Oil Search Ltd. announced a merger transaction, valuing Oil Search at A$8.9 billion (US$6.5 billion). In the case of Santos, the deal would add significant exposure to strategic, top-tier producing and prospective LNG projects in Papua New Guinea (PNG LNG, Papua LNG), as well as promising oil discoveries along the Alaskan North Slope (including the Pikka oil development) at a value accretive price. Additionally, the transaction jibes with the company's recent acquisition-led growth strategy (Quadrant; ConocoPhillips' northern Australian interests), which has been well-timed and helped the company's share price to consistently outperform its peers and trade at a premium to our valuation, creating equity pricing power to advance an all-stock deal. For Oil Search, the all-stock deal offers exposure to a sizeable but more well-balanced Australasian portfolio with more robust cash flow generating potential, a balance sheet with greater capacity to fund its quality growth prospects, and a stable management team with a proven track record.

Following the Santos-Oil Search deal, Woodside Petroleum agreed to a merger with BHP Group's upstream business in mid-August, valuing BHP's oil and gas assets at A$18.8 billion (US$13.8 billion). While the potential merger follows the general consolidation framework seen over the past year, it differs from the Santos-Oil Search transaction in that the Woodside-BHP upstream portfolios have limited shared interests, outside of the North West Shelf (NWS) project assets and prospective Scarborough gas field, and most of BHP's upstream portfolio would be relatively new to Woodside. Still, we view the deal as favorable for Woodside on the basis that it adds strength to the company's declining, LNG-weighted reserve base, through the addition of a more diverse set of relatively high-quality, significant cash flow-generating assets, and creates a more attractive long-term growth portfolio with an array of prospective large-scale deepwater projects across Australia (Scarborough), the US Gulf of Mexico (Wildling), Mexico (Trion), and Trinidad and Tobago (incl. Calypso). Also, we forecast that the new entity will deliver more robust operating cash flows and also have a stronger balance sheet, via the addition of BHP's unlevered upstream assets, which will support the self-funding of future growth and returns to shareholders, especially if oil prices remain near current levels. However, the combined portfolio will stay heavily weighted toward both oil and oil-linked LNG production and thus remain vulnerable to future commodity price cycles. Also, the all-stock nature of the merger will require the issuance of a significant block of shares (at a moderate discount based on our most recent appraised net worth) that also carry a substantial annual dividend commitment, but it is too early to determine if the deal will have a material impact on valuation per share.

IHS Markit Connect users can access two full reports related to this blog here:

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Report 2

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Posted 31 August 2021 by Jason Keely, Principal Analyst, Upstream Companies & Transactions Research, S&P Global Commodity Insights

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