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Waxes

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive Summary9
Summary10
Introduction17
Manufacturing processes18
Naturally occurring waxes18
Vegetable waxes18
Animal and insect waxes18
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)19
Petroleum waxes19
Synthetic waxes20
Fischer-Tropsch wax20
Polyolefin waxes21
Direct-synthesis PO waxes21
Homopolymer LDPE waxes21
Copolymer LDPE waxes22
HDPE and PP waxes22
Degradation PO waxes22
Functionalized PO waxes23
By-product PE waxes23
NAO waxes23
Other waxes24
Environmental issues25
United States25
Western Europe25
Mainland China25
Japan25
Supply and demand by region26
United States26
Producing companies26
Naturally occurring waxes26
Vegetable waxes26
Animal and insect waxes27
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)27
Petroleum waxes27
Synthetic waxes29
Mergers and acquisitions32
Salient statistics35
Naturally occurring waxes35
Vegetable waxes35
Animal and insect waxes36
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)37
Petroleum waxes37
Synthetic waxes37
Consumption38
By type of wax38
Naturally occurring waxes39
Synthetic waxes47
By end use49
Board sizing51
Paper coating51
Candles and molded novelties52
Electrical applications53
Textile and leather processing53
Polishes53
Adhesives54
Fruit and vegetable coatings54
Cosmetics and medicinals54
Carbon paper, ribbons, and printing inks55
Greases, lubricants, and mold releases56
Rubber compounding56
Other56
Price57
Trade57
Naturally occurring waxes57
Vegetable waxes57
Animal and insect waxes58
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)58
Petroleum waxes59
Synthetic waxes60
Canada60
Producing companies60
Consumption61
Mexico62
Producing companies62
Consumption63
Central and South America63
Producing companies63
Petroleum Waxes63
Vegetable waxes64
Trade65
Naturally occurring waxes65
Synthetic waxes66
Western Europe67
Producing companies67
Naturally occurring waxes67
Petroleum waxes67
Montan waxes69
Vegetable waxes70
Synthetic waxes70
Salient statistics75
Vegetable waxes75
Animal waxes76
Mineral waxes76
Synthetic waxes77
Production79
Vegetable waxes79
Animal waxes79
Mineral waxes79
Petroleum waxes79
Montan wax80
Synthetic waxes80
Consumption81
Vegetable waxes82
Animal waxes82
Mineral waxes83
Petroleum waxes83
Montan waxes84
Synthetic waxes84
Polyolefin waxes84
Polyethylene glycol waxes85
Fischer-Tropsch waxes85
Price86
Trade86
Vegetable waxes86
Animal waxes87
Mineral waxes88
Synthetic waxes91
Candles92
Central and Eastern Europe93
Producing companies93
Salient statistics95
Petroleum waxes95
Synthetic waxes97
Consumption97
Trade97
Vegetable waxes97
Animal waxes98
Mineral waxes99
Synthetic waxes100
Candles101
Middle East102
Producing companies102
Salient statistics104
Petroleum waxes104
Synthetic waxes106
Fischer-Tropsch waxes107
Consumption108
Trade108
Naturally occurring waxes108
Synthetic waxes110
Candles111
Africa112
Producing companies112
Salient statistics114
Petroleum waxes114
Synthetic waxes115
Consumption117
Trade117
Naturally occurring waxes117
Synthetic waxes119
Candles120
India120
Producing companies120
Consumption122
Naturally occurring waxes123
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)123
Synthetic waxes123
Price123
Trade123
Vegetable, animal, and insect waxes124
Petroleum waxes124
Mainland China124
Producing companies124
Petroleum waxes124
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)126
Vegetable waxes126
Animal and insect waxes127
Synthetic waxes127
Salient statistics129
Consumption130
Naturally occurring waxes131
Vegetable waxes131
Animal and insect waxes131
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)132
Synthetic waxes133
Price133
Trade134
Vegetable wax134
Beeswax and other insect waxes134
Wool grease and fatty substances derived from it (including lanolin)135
Petroleum waxes135
Synthetic waxes136
Candles137
Japan138
Producing companies138
Naturally occurring waxes138
Vegetable waxes138
Animal and insect waxes139
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)140
Petroleum waxes140
Synthetic waxes141
Salient statistics144
Consumption145
Naturally occurring waxes146
Vegetable waxes146
Animal and insect waxes146
Mineral waxes (excluding petroleum waxes)147
Petroleum waxes (paraffin wax)147
Synthetic waxes149
Price150
Trade151
Naturally occurring waxes151
Vegetable, animal, and insect waxes151
Petroleum waxes (paraffin wax)153
Synthetic waxes153
Other Northeast Asia154
Producing companies154
Consumption155
Naturally occurring waxes155
Mineral waxes155
Synthetic waxes155
Price155
Trade156
Vegetable, animal, and insect waxes156
Petroleum wax156
Southeast Asia and Oceania157
Producing companies157
Consumption167
Naturally occurring waxes160
Mineral waxes160
Synthetic waxes160
Price161
Trade161
Vegetable wax162
Petroleum wax162
Imports162
Exports 163
Beeswax and other insect waxes163
Imports 163
Exports 164
Wool grease and fatty substances derived from it (including lanolin)164
Imports 164
Exports 165
Petroleum waxes165
Imports 165
Exports 166
Additional resources167
Revisions168
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