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Vitamins

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
Summary 10
Vitamin A 16
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 181,18
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 2020
Vitamin B3 (niacin) 2222
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 2424
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 2626
Vitamin B7 (biotin) 2828
Vitamin B9 (folic acid) 3030
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 3232
Vitamin C 34
Vitamin D 36
Vitamin E 38
Vitamin K3 4040
Introduction 42
Major vitamins 42
Occurrence and functions 46
Manufacturing processes 49
Supply and demand by region 52
United States 52
Producing companies 52
Salient statistics 53
Consumption 54
By end use 55
Supplements and pharmaceuticals 55
Feed 56
Food 56
Personal care products/other –57
By vitamin 57
Vitamin A 57
Vitamin B group 57
Vitamin C 58
Vitamin D 58
Vitamin E 59
Vitamin K 59
Price 59
Trade 60
Imports 60
Vitamin A 61
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 6262
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 6363
Vitamin B3 (niacin) 6363
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 6464
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 6464
Vitamin B7 (biotin) 6565
Vitamin B9 (folic acid) 6666
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 6666
Vitamin C 67
Vitamin D 67
Vitamin E 68
Exports 69
Canada 69
Salient statistics 69
Consumption 70
Trade 72
Mexico 74
Salient statistics 74
Consumption 74
Trade 76
Central and South America 78
Producers 78
Salient statistics 78
Consumption 79
Trade 81
Western Europe 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 85
Price 88
Trade 88
Imports 88
Vitamin A 89
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 9090
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 9191
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 9191
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 9292
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 9393
Vitamin C 93
Vitamin E 94
Exports 95
Vitamin A 95
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 9696
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 9797
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 9797
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 9898
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 9898
Vitamin C 99
Vitamin E 100
Central Europe 100
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Trade 103
CIS and Baltic States 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 105
Consumption 105
Trade 108
Middle East 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 109
Consumption 110
Trade 112
Africa 114
Salient statistics 114
Consumption 114
Trade 117
Indian Subcontinent 118
Producing companies 118
Salient statistics 118
Consumption 119
Price 122
Trade 122
Mainland China 124
Producing companies 124
Vitamin A 127
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 127127
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 128128
Vitamin B3 (niacin and niacinamide) 129129
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 130130
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 131131
Vitamin B7 (biotin) 132132
Vitamin B9 (folic acid) 133133
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 134134
Vitamin C 135
Vitamin D 136
Vitamin E 138
Vitamin K 140
Salient statistics 141
Consumption 142
Price 144
Trade 145
Imports 145
Exports 146
Vitamin A (retinol) 147
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 148148
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 149149
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 149149
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 150150
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 150150
Vitamin C 151
Vitamin E 152
Japan 152
Producing companies 152
Salient statistics 153
Consumption 153
Price 156
Trade 157
Other Northeast Asia 158
Producing companies 158
Salient statistics 159
Consumption 159
Price 162
Trade 162
Southeast Asia and Oceania 164
Salient statistics 164
Consumption 165
Price 167
Trade 168
Appendix I—Commercial vitamins 171
Commercial fat-soluble vitamins 171
Vitamin A 171
Vitamin D3 1713,171
Vitamin E 171
Vitamin K 172
Commercial water-soluble vitamins 173
Vitamin B1 173173
Vitamin B2 173173
Vitamin B3 173173
Vitamin B5 173173
Vitamin B6 173173
Vitamin B7 173173
Vitamin B9 174174
Vitamin B12 174174
Vitamin C 174
Appendix II—Conversion factors 175
Appendix III—Geographic regions 177
Additional resources 178
Revisions 179
Data Workbook 180
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