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Toluene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
Summary 9
Producing companies 10
Production 10
Consumption 11
Price 14
Trade 16
Sources 18
Petroleum-derived toluene 18
Catalytic reformate 18
Pyrolysis gasoline 18
Other 19
Coal-derived toluene 19
By-product of styrene manufacture 19
Grades of toluene 20
Storage and transportation 21
Transportation 21
Storage 21
Environmental issues 22
Supply and demand by region 25
World 25
Capacity 25
Salient statistics 26
Production 27
Reformate processes 28
Pygas processes 28
Styrene processes 29
Coke/coal processes 29
Consumption 29
Trade 31
North America 32
Overview 32
Capacity 32
Salient statistics 33
Production 34
Consumption 34
Trade 36
United States 36
Producing companies 36
Salient statistics 38
Production 38
Consumption 38
Motor and aviation gasoline uses 39
Chemical and solvent uses 40
Trade 48
Canada 48
Producing companies 48
Salient statistics 49
Production 49
Consumption 50
Trade 50
Mexico 51
Producing companies 51
Salient statistics 51
Production 51
Consumption 52
Trade 53
South America 53
Producing companies 53
Salient statistics 55
Production 55
Consumption 56
Trade 57
Western Europe 57
Producing companies 57
Salient statistics 60
Production 60
Consumption 61
Trade 63
Central Europe 63
Producing companies 63
Salient statistics 65
Production 66
Consumption 66
Trade 68
CIS and Baltic States 68
Producing companies 68
Salient statistics 70
Production 71
Consumption 71
Trade 73
Middle East 73
Producing companies 73
Salient statistics 75
Production 76
Consumption 76
Trade 78
Africa 78
Producing companies 78
Salient statistics 80
Production 81
Consumption 81
Trade 83
Indian Subcontinent 83
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 85
Production 86
Consumption 86
Trade 88
Northeast Asia 88
Overview 88
Capacity 88
Salient statistics 90
Production 90
Consumption 91
Trade 93
China 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 96
Production 96
Consumption 97
Trade 98
Japan 98
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 99
Production 100
Consumption 100
Trade 101
South Korea 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 103
Production 103
Consumption 104
Trade 105
Taiwan 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 105
Production 106
Consumption 106
Trade 107
Southeast Asia 108
Producing companies 108
Salient statistics 110
Production 111
Consumption 111
Trade 113
Appendix—Standard specifications for toluene 114
Additional resources 115
Revisions117
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