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Sulfur

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary 9
Introduction16
Properties and grades17
Sources and recovery18
Reserves and resources18
Recovery18
Elemental18
Elemental sulfur from salt domes and evaporites (Frasch)18
By-product sulfur recovered from hydrocarbons19
Volcanic deposits20
Contained sulfur20
Other and potential sources21
Coal and shale21
Gypsum22
Other22
Environmental issues23
Supply and demand by region28
World28
Capacity29
Salient statistics30
Consumption32
Price33
Trade35
United States35
Producing companies40
Salient statistics42
Consumption43
Sulfuric acid43
Pulp and paper44
Carbon disulfide44
Phosphorus pentasulfide45
Rubber vulcanizing45
Sulfur dioxide45
Other46
Direct agricultural applications46
Sulfur trioxide for surface-active agents and chlorosulfonic acid47
Sulfur polymer cement concrete47
Miscellaneous47
Price48
Trade49
Canada50
Producing companies50
Salient statistics53
Consumption55
Price56
Trade57
Mexico58
Producing companies58
Salient statistics59
Trade61
Central and South America62
Producing companies62
Salient statistics64
Trade66
Western Europe66
Producing companies67
Production capacity67
Salient statistics73
Production74
Apparent consumption75
Sulfuric acid77
Sulfur dioxide78
Carbon disulfide78
Hydrogen dulfide79
Sulfur bentonite79
Other79
Price79
Trade80
Central Europe81
Producing companies81
Production capacity84
Salient statistics84
Production85
Apparent consumption86
Trade88
Eastern Europe89
Producing companies89
Production capacity94
Salient statistics95
Production96
Apparent consumption97
Trade98
Middle East99
Producing companies99
Production capacity108
Salient statistics110
Production111
Apparent consumption113
Price114
Trade115
Africa 116
Producing companies 116
Production capacity 118
Salient statistics 119
Production 120
Apparent consumption 121
Trade 123
Mainland China 124
Producing companies 124
Salient statistics 140
Production 142
Consumption 142
Sulfuric acid 143
Miscellaneous use 143
Carbon disulfide143
Sulfur dioxide144
Rubber vulcanizing 144
Sugar processing 144
Direct agricultural applications 144
Pesticides 144
Other uses 144
Price 144
Trade 145
Japan 146
Producing companies 146
Salient statistics 147
Production 148
Consumption 149
Trade 150
Northeast Asia 151
Producing companies 151
Salient statistics 152
Production 152
Consumption 152
Trade 154
Southwest Asia 154
Producing companies 154
Salient statistics 155
Production 156
Consumption 157
Trade 158
Southeast Asia 159
Producing companies 159
Salient statistics 161
Production 161
Consumption 162
Trade 163
Oceania 164
Producing companies 164
Salient statistics 164
Production 165
Consumption 166
Trade 167
Additional resources 169
Revisions170
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