Sulfur

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary5
Summary 6
Introduction12
Properties and grades13
Sources and recovery14
Reserves and resources14
Recovery14
Elemental14
Elemental sulfur from salt domes and evaporites (Frasch)14
By-product sulfur recovered from hydrocarbons15
Volcanic deposits16
Contained sulfur16
Other and potential sources16
Coal and shale16
Gypsum17
Other17
Environmental issues18
Supply and demand by region22
World22
Capacity22
Salient statistics22
Consumption23
Price24
Trade25
United States27
Producing companies27
Salient statistics31
Consumption33
Sulfuric acid34
Pulp and paper34
Carbon disulfide35
Phosphorus pentasulfide35
Rubber vulcanizing35
Sulfur dioxide35
Other36
Direct agricultural applications36
Sulfur trioxide for surface-active agents and chlorosulfonic acid37
Sulfur polymer cement concrete37
Miscellaneous37
Price38
Trade39
Canada40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics43
Consumption45
Price45
Trade47
Mexico47
Producing companies47
Salient statistics48
Trade50
Central and South America51
Producing companies51
Salient statistics52
Trade55
Western Europe56
Producing companies56
Production capacity60
Salient statistics62
Production63
Apparent consumption64
Sulfuric acid64
Sulfur dioxide65
Carbon disulfide65
Hydrogen dulfide65
Phosphorus compounds65
Other65
Price66
Trade66
Central Europe69
Producing companies69
Production capacity71
Salient statistics72
Production73
Apparent consumption73
Trade73
Eastern Europe76
Producing companies76
Production capacity80
Salient statistics81
Production82
Apparent consumption83
Trade84
Middle East86
Producing companies86
Production capacity93
Salient statistics95
Production95
Apparent consumption96
Price96
Trade97
Africa 100
Producing companies 100
Production capacity 102
Salient statistics 103
Production 104
Apparent consumption 104
Trade 105
China 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 120
Production 122
Consumption 123
Sulfuric acid 123
Miscellaneous use 123
Rayon fibers 123
Rubber vulcanizing 123
Sugar processing 124
Direct agricultural applications 124
Pesticides 124
Sodium hydrosulfite 124
Chlorosulfonic acid 124
Other uses 124
Price 125
Trade 125
Japan 127
Producing companies 127
Salient statistics 128
Consumption 130
Trade 131
Southwest Asia 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 133
Production 134
Consumption 134
Trade 134
Northeast Asia 136
Producing companies 136
Salient statistics 137
Trade 137
Southeast Asia 138
Producing companies 139
Salient statistics 139
Trade 140
Oceania 142
Producing companies 142
Salient statistics 143
Production 144
Trade 144
Bibliography 146
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