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Sodium Chloride

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 12
Manufacturing processes 14
Environmental issues 16
Supply and demand by region 17
United States 17
Producing companies 17
Salient statistics 19
Consumption 20
Chemical production 20
Chlorine/caustic soda 21
Sodium chlorate 21
Deicing 21
Water conditioning 22
General industrial 22
Agriculture 22
Food processing 22
Other 22
Price 22
Trade 23
Imports 23
Exports 24
Canada 25
Producing companies 25
Salient statistics 26
Consumption 27
Deicing 28
Chemical production 28
Other 28
Price 28
Trade 29
Imports 29
Exports 30
Mexico 31
Producing companies 31
Salient statistics 33
Consumption 34
Chemical production 34
Food processing 34
Price 34
Trade 35
Imports 35
Exports 36
Caribbean 37
Producing companies 37
Salient statistics 38
Consumption 38
Trade 39
Central and South America 40
Producing companies 40
Salient statistics 42
Production 43
Consumption 44
Price 44
Trade 45
Imports 45
Exports 47
Western Europe 47
Producing companies 47
Salient statistics 52
Production 53
Consumption 56
Chemical production 57
Deicing 57
Food processing 58
Other 58
Price 59
Trade 59
Central and Eastern Europe 60
Producing companies 60
Salient statistics 62
Consumption 63
Trade 63
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 66
Consumption 67
Price 68
Trade 69
Middle East and Africa 69
Producing companies 69
Salient statistics 74
Consumption 74
Trade 75
China 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 81
Price 82
Trade 83
India 84
Producing companies 85
Salient statistics 86
Consumption 87
Price 88
Trade 88
Japan 90
Producing companies 90
Salient statistics 90
Consumption 91
Chemical production 92
Chlorine and sodium hydroxide 92
Sodium carbonate 93
Food processing 93
Home use 93
Other 93
Price 93
Trade 94
Other Asia 95
Producing companies 95
Salient statistics 97
Consumption 98
Indonesia 98
South Korea 98
Trade 99
Oceania 99
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Price 102
Trade 102
Additional resources 103
Revisions 104
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