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Sodium Carbonate

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary 6
Summary 8
Capacity 9
Production 11
Consumption 12
Price 15
Trade 15
Introduction 18
Manufacturing processes 19
Natural 19
Synthetic 20
Solvay (ammonia soda) process 21
Hou process 22
Other processes 23
Industry structure 24
Production economics 24
Barriers to entry/exit 24
Environmental issues 26
Supply and demand by region 27
World 27
Capacity 27
Salient statistics 29
Consumption 30
Glass 32
STPP, soaps, and detergents 34
Chemicals 35
Alumina and metal mining 36
Lithium carbonate 36
Pulp and paper 37
Other 37
Trade 38
North America 38
Capacity 38
Salient statistics 38
Consumption 39
Trade 40
United States 40
Producing companies 40
Salient statistics 42
Consumption 43
Trade 45
Canada 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 45
Consumption 46
Trade 47
Mexico 47
Producing companies 47
Salient statistics 47
Consumption 48
Trade 49
South America 49
Producing companies 49
Salient statistics 50
Consumption 51
Trade 53
Western Europe 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 56
Trade 58
Central Europe 58
Producing companies 58
Salient statistics 60
Consumption 61
Trade 63
CIS and Baltic States 64
Producing companies 64
Salient statistics 66
Consumption 68
Trade 69
Middle East 71
Producing companies 71
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 74
Trade 76
Africa 77
Producing companies 77
Salient statistics 78
Consumption 80
Trade 81
Indian Subcontinent 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Trade 88
Northeast Asia 89
Capacity 89
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Trade 95
Southeast Asia 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 98
Consumption 98
Trade 100
Additional resources 102
Revisions 103
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