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CEH Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)

Chemical Economics Handbook

Contents

Executive summary 6
Summary 8
Capacity 9
Production 11
Consumption 12
Price 15
Trade 16
Introduction 19
Manufacturing processes 20
Natural 20
Synthetic 21
Solvay (ammonia soda) process 22
Hou process 23
Other processes 24
Industry structure 25
Production economics 25
Barriers to entry/exit 25
Environmental issues 27
Supply and demand by region 28
World 28
Capacity 28
Salient statistics 30
Consumption 31
Glass 34
STPP, soaps, and detergents 35
Chemicals 36
Alumina and metal mining 37
Lithium carbonate 38
Pulp and paper 38
Other 38
Trade 39
North America 39
Overview 39
Capacity 40
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 40
Trade 42
United States 42
Producing companies 42
Salient statistics 44
Consumption 45
Trade 47
Canada 47
Producing companies 47
Salient statistics 48
Consumption 48
Trade 49
Mexico 49
Producing companies 49
Salient statistics 50
Consumption 50
Trade 52
South America 52
Producing companies 52
Salient statistics 52
Consumption 53
Trade 55
Western Europe 56
Producing companies 56
Salient statistics 58
Consumption 59
Trade 61
Central Europe 62
Producing companies 62
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Trade 65
CIS and Baltic States 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 67
Consumption 68
Trade 70
Middle East 70
Producing companies 70
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 74
Trade 75
Africa 75
Producing companies 75
Salient statistics 76
Consumption 77
Trade 78
Indian Subcontinent 79
Producing companies 79
Salient statistics 81
Consumption 82
Trade 83
Northeast Asia 83
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Trade 88
Southeast Asia 88
Producing companies 88
Salient statistics 89
Consumption 90
Trade 92
Additional resources 93
Revisions 94
Data Workbook 95
Notice 96
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