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Silicates and Silicas

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary12
Summary13
Sodium silicates13
Potassium silicates13
Calcium silicates14
Magnesium silicates15
Zirconium silicates15
Ethyl silicate15
Specialty silicas16
Precipitated silica16
Silica gel17
Colloidal silica (silica sol)18
Fumed silica18
Fused silica19
Introduction20
Industry structure and dynamics20
Sodium silicates20
Siliceous sodium silicates21
Solid21
Liquid21
Alkaline sodium silicates21
Potassium silicates22
Other silicates22
Precipitated silica22
Silica gel23
Colloidal silica23
Fumed silica23
Fused silica23
Manufacturing processes25
Sodium and potassium silicates25
Other silicates26
Silicas26
Precipitated silica26
Silica gel27
Colloidal silica (silica sol)27
Fumed silica27
Fused silica27
Environmental issues28
Supply and demand by region29
United States29
Sodium silicates29
Producing companies29
Salient statistics30
Consumption31
Derivative chemicals34
Detergents, soaps, and cleaners34
Pulp and paper35
Other35
Price36
Trade37
Potassium silicates38
Producing companies38
Salient statistics38
Consumption38
Welding rods39
Other binder uses39
Detergent builder and other39
Price40
Calcium silicates40
Producing companies40
Salient statistics41
Consumption42
Rubber compounding42
Pesticide carrier42
Other42
Price43
Magnesium silicates43
Producing companies43
Salient statistics43
Consumption44
Adsorbent45
Anticaking45
Other45
Price45
Zirconium silicates46
Ethyl silicate46
Producing companies46
Salient statistics47
Consumption47
Paints and coatings48
Investment castings48
Other66
Price49
Precipitated silica49
Producing companies49
Salient statistics50
Consumption50
Elastomers51
Food and health care products52
Batteries52
Agricultural products52
Antifoams53
Catalysts53
Other53
Price54
Silica gel55
Producing companies55
Salient statistics55
Consumption56
Adsorbents/desiccants56
Food and health care products56
Paints and coatings57
Catalysts57
Other58
Trade58
Colloidal silica (silica sol)59
Producing companies59
Salient statistics60
Consumption61
Pulp and paper62
Investment castings 63
Refractory binders 63
Electronics 63
Catalysts, antiblocking agents, and other 63
Price 64
Fumed silica 64
Producing companies 64
Salient statistics 64
Consumption 65
Silicones 66
Coatings and inks 66
CMP 67
Polyester resins 67
Adhesives and sealants 67
Other 67
Price 68
Fused silica 68
Producing companies 68
Salient statistics 68
Consumption 69
Investment castings 70
Other refractories 70
Electronics and other 71
Price 71
Canada 71
Sodium silicates 71
Producing companies 71
Salient statistics 71
Consumption 72
Pulp and paper 73
Detergents, soaps, and cleaners 74
Other 74
Price 74
Trade 75
Potassium silicates 75
Producing companies 75
Salient statistics 75
Consumption 76
Other specialty silicas 77
Mexico 78
Sodium silicates 78
Producing companies 78
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 79
Price 80
Trade 81
Potassium silicates 81
Producing companies 81
Salient statistics 81
Precipitated silica 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 82
Consumption 83
Price 84
Silica gel 85
Producing companies 85
Salient statistics 85
Colloidal silica 85
Producing companies 85
Salient statistics 85
Fumed silica 86
Producing companies 86
Salient statistics 86
Central and South America 87
Sodium silicates 87
Producers 87
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 89
Trade 89
Potassium silicate 89
Producers 89
Salient statistics 90
Calcium silicate 90
Producers 90
Salient statistics 91
Magnesium silicate 91
Producers 91
Salient statistics 91
Consumption 92
Zirconium silicate 92
Producers 92
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Precipitated silica 93
Producers 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 94
Silica gel 94
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 95
Colloidal silica (silica sol) 95
Salient statistics 95
Western Europe 96
Sodium silicates 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 98
Consumption 99
Derivative chemicals 103
Detergents, soaps, and cleaners 103
Pulp and paper 104
Other direct uses 104
Price 104
Trade 105
Potassium silicates 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 107
Consumption 108
Construction industry 109
Welding rods 109
Detergents 109
Molecular sieves 109
Other 110
Price 110
Trade 110
Calcium silicates 111
Producing companies 111
Salient statistics 111
Magnesium silicates 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 113
Ethyl silicate 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 114
Precipitated silica 115
Producing companies 115
Salient statistics 115
Consumption 116
Elastomers 117
Detergent and cosmetic auxiliaries 118
Carrier material and free-flow agents 118
Polymers and plastic products 118
Other 118
Price 118
Silica gel 119
Producing companies 119
Salient statistics 119
Consumption 120
Food applications 121
Adsorbents and desiccants 121
Paint and coatings 121
Plastics and textiles 121
Pharmaceutical tableting 122
Other 122
Price 122
Colloidal silica (silica sol) 122
Producing companies 122
Salient statistics 123
Consumption 124
Ceramics 124
Coatings 124
Pulp and paper 125
Electronics 125
Beverage clarification 125
Textile processing 126
Other 126
Price 127
Fumed silica 127
Producing companies 127
Salient statistics 128
Consumption 128
Silicones 129
Paints and coatings 129
Adhesives and sealants 129
Other 129
Price 130
Fused silica 130
Producing companies 130
Salient statistics 130
Consumption 131
Trade 131
Central Europe 132
Sodium silicates 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 133
Consumption 133
Potassium silicate 133
Precipitated silica 134
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 134
Sodium silicates 134
Producing companies 134
Salient statistics 135
Consumption 135
Trade 135
Middle East and Africa 136
Sodium silicates 136
Producing companies 136
Salient statistics 137
Consumption 137
Trade 138
Precipitated silica 138
Fumed silica 139
Producing companies 139
Salient statistics 139
Consumption 139
Japan 140
Sodium silicates 140
Producing companies 140
Salient statistics 141
Production 142
Consumption 143
Civil engineering 145
Derivative chemicals 145
Pulp and paper 145
Detergent builders 145
Other 145
Price 145
Trade 146
Potassium silicates 147
Producing companies 147
Salient statistics 147
Production 147
Consumption 148
Detergent builders 149
Paint additives 149
Welding rods 149
Price 149
Trade 149
Calcium silicates 150
Magnesium silicates 150
Precipitated silica 150
Producing companies 150
Salient statistics 151
Consumption 151
Elastomers 152
Agricultural products 152
Paper 153
Other 153
Price 153
Trade 153
Silica gel 153
Producing companies 153
Salient statistics 154
Consumption 154
Desiccants 155
Other 155
Price 155
Trade 155
Colloidal silica 156
Producing companies 156
Salient statistics 156
Consumption 157
CMP 157
Catalysts 157
Other 157
Price 157
Trade 158
Fumed silica 158
Producing companies 158
Salient statistics 158
Consumption 158
Silicone elastomers 159
CMP 159
Other 159
Price 159
Trade 159
Fused silica 160
Producing companies 160
Salient statistics 160
Consumption 161
Electronic encapsulants 162
Refractories and other 162
Price 162
Trade 162
China 162
Sodium silicates 162
Producing companies 162
Salient statistics 164
Consumption 166
Price 168
Trade 169
Potassium silicate 171
Producing companies 171
Salient statistics 171
Consumption 171
Price 172
Calcium silicate 172
Producing companies 172
Consumption 173
Price 173
Magnesium silicate 174
Producing companies 174
Consumption 174
Price 174
Zirconium silicate 175
Producing companies 175
Consumption 175
Price 176
Ethyl silicate 176
Producing companies 176
Consumption 177
Price 177
Other silicates 177
Precipitated silica 178
Producing companies 178
Salient statistics 179
Consumption 180
Price 182
Trade 182
Silica gel 182
Producing companies 182
Salient statistics 183
Consumption 184
Trade 185
Colloidal silica 185
Producing companies 185
Consumption 186
Price 187
Fumed silica 187
Producing companies 187
Salient statistics 188
Consumption 189
Price 190
Fused silica 190
Producing companies 190
Consumption 191
Price 192
Other Asia 192
Sodium silicates 192
Producing companies 192
Salient statistics 194
Trade 194
Potassium silicate 196
Producing companies 196
Salient statistics 197
Calcium silicate 197
Producing companies 197
Salient statistics 198
Magnesium silicate 198
Producing companies 198
Salient statistics 198
Zirconium silicate 199
Producing companies 199
Salient statistics 199
Ethyl silicate 199
Precipitated silica 199
Producing companies 199
Salient statistics 201
Silica gel 201
Producing companies 201
Salient statistics 202
Other specialty silicas 203
Colloidal silica 203
Fumed silica 204
Fused silica 204
Bibliography 205
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