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Potash

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 5
Summary 6
Introduction 9
Geological occurrence, mining, and beneficiation 11
Geological occurrence 11
Beneficiation 12
– Potassium chloride 12
– Potassium sulfate 12
– Potassium sulfate ores 12
– Langbeinite ore 12
– Kainite ore 12
– Hartsalz ore 13
– Potassium sulfate manufacture 13
– Mannheim process 13
– Hargreaves process 13
– Trona process (from Searles Lake brines) 13
– Potassium magnesium sulfate 14
– Potassium nitrate 14
– Nitric acid and potassium chloride 14
– Sodium nitrate and potassium chloride 14
– Nitrogen dioxide and potassium chloride 15
– Ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride 15
– Phosphoric, nitric acids, and potassium chloride 15
– Phosphoric acid, ammonium nitrate, and potassium chloride 15
Environmental issues 16
Supply and demand by region 17
World 17
– Reserves 17
– Salient statistics 17
– Capacity 18
– Production 19
– Consumption 20
– Price 21
– Trade 22
United States 23
– Producing companies 23
– Salient statistics 26
– Production 26
– Consumption 27
– Fertilizer 28
– Industrial 28
– Price 29
– Trade 31
Canada 33
– Producing companies 33
– Salient statistics 37
– Production 38
– Consumption 39
– Price 39
– Trade 41
Mexico 41
– Producing companies 41
– Salient statistics 41
– Consumption 42
– Trade 42
Latin America 42
– Producing companies 42
– Salient statistics 44
– Production 45
– Consumption 46
– Trade 47
Western Europe 48
– Producing companies 48
– Salient statistics 53
– Production 53
– Consumption 54
– Price 56
– Trade 56
Central Europe 58
– Producing companies 58
– Salient statistics 58
– Consumption 59
– Trade 60
Eastern Europe 61
– Producing companies 61
– Salient statistics 66
– Production 66
– Consumption 67
– Price 68
– Trade 68
Middle East 69
– Producing companies 69
– Salient statistics 71
– Production 72
– Consumption 72
– Price 73
– Trade 73
Africa 74
– Producing companies 74
– Salient statistics 76
– Consumption 77
– Trade 77
China 78
– Producing companies 78
– Salient statistics 80
– Production 81
– Consumption 83
– Price 84
– Trade 84
Japan 85
– Producing companies 85
– Salient statistics 85
– Consumption 86
– Trade 86
Southwest Asia 87
– Producing companies 87
– Salient statistics 87
– Consumption 88
– Trade 89
Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia 90
– Producing companies 90
– Salient statistics 91
– Consumption 92
– Trade 93
Oceania 95
– Producing companies 95
– Salient statistics 95
– Consumption 96
– Trade 97
Additional resources 99
Revisions 100
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