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Polyurethane Foams

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 8
Americas 11
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 12
Asia Pacific 12
Key industry drivers 13
Introduction 14
Manufacturing processes 15
Flexible polyurethane foams 15
Alternative blowing agents 17
Chemical additives 17
Forced foam cooling 17
Controlled-pressure foaming 17
Carbon dioxide system 17
Rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate (PU/PIR) foams 18
Foam systems 19
Environmental issues 20
Blowing agents 20
Flammability standards 24
Recycling 25
Supply and demand by region 27
United States 27
Producing companies 27
Production 33
Consumption 34
Flexible foams 34
Bedding 37
Transportation 37
Furniture 38
Flooring underlay 38
Packaging 40
Textiles 40
Other 40
Rigid foams 40
Construction 45
Appliances 45
Industrial insulation 46
Packaging 46
Transportation 47
Other 47
Price 47
Trade 48
Canada 49
Producing companies 49
Salient statistics 50
Flexible foams 50
Rigid foams 52
Mexico 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 56
Flexible foams 56
Rigid foams 57
Central and South America 59
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 60
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 63
Western Europe 64
Producing companies 64
Production 70
Consumption 71
Flexible and semirigid foams 72
Rigid foams 73
Price 75
Trade 76
Flexible foam 77
Rigid foam 78
Central and Eastern Europe 79
Producing companies 79
Production 83
Consumption 83
Trade 85
Middle East and Africa 86
Production 86
Consumption 86
China 87
Producing companies 87
Salient statistics 90
Consumption 91
Flexible foam 91
Rigid foam 93
Trade 94
Japan 96
Producing companies 96
Production 98
Consumption 100
Flexible foam 100
Transportation 101
Furniture and bedding 101
Other 101
Rigid foam 101
Construction and industrial insulation 102
Refrigeration 103
Other 103
Price 103
Trade 105
Other Asia 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 108
India 110
South Korea 111
Taiwan 112
Other countries113
Oceania 113
Additional resources115
Revisions117
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