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Polyurethane Foams

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 8
Americas 12
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 13
Asia Pacific 13
Key industry drivers 14
Introduction 16
Manufacturing processes 17
Flexible polyurethane foams 17
Alternative blowing agents 19
Chemical additives 19
Forced foam cooling 19
Controlled-pressure foaming 19
Carbon dioxide system 19
Rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate (PU/PIR) foams 20
Foam systems 21
Environmental issues 22
Blowing agents 22
Flammability standards 26
Recycling 27
Supply and demand by region 29
United States 29
Producing companies 29
Production 35
Consumption 36
Flexible foams 36
Bedding 38
Transportation 39
Furniture 39
Flooring underlay 40
Packaging 41
Textiles 41
Other 42
Rigid foams 42
Construction 47
Appliances 48
Industrial insulation 49
Packaging 49
Transportation 49
Other 50
Price 50
Trade 51
Canada 52
Producing companies 52
Salient statistics 53
Flexible foams 53
Rigid foams 54
Mexico 56
Producing companies 56
Salient statistics 58
Flexible foams 58
Rigid foams 59
Central and South America 61
Producing companies 61
Salient statistics 62
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 66
Western Europe 66
Producing companies 66
Production 73
Consumption 73
Flexible and semirigid foams 75
Rigid foams 76
Price 78
Trade 79
Flexible foam 80
Rigid foam 80
Central and Eastern Europe 81
Producing companies 81
Production 85
Consumption 85
Trade 87
Middle East87
Production 88
Consumption 88
Africa89
Mainland China 89
Producing companies 89
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Flexible foam 93
Rigid foam 94
Trade 96
Japan 97
Producing companies 97
Production 99
Consumption 101
Flexible foam 101
Transportation 101
Furniture and bedding 102
Other 102
Rigid foam 102
Construction and industrial insulation 103
Refrigeration 104
Other 104
Price 104
Trade 105
India 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 106
South Korea 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 108
Taiwan 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 110
Other Asia 111
Producing companies 111
Salient statistics 112
Oceania 115
Additional resources117
Revisions119
Data Workbook120
Notice121
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