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Plasticizers

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
Introduction 17
Plasticizers and plasticization 17
Phthalates 19
Terephthalates 19
Aliphatics 20
Epoxidized vegetable oils 20
Trimellitates 20
Benzoates 20
Phosphate plasticizers 20
Polymeric plasticizers 21
Manufacturing processes 22
Polycarboxylic acid esters 22
Terephthalates 22
Epoxidized vegetable oils 22
Phosphate plasticizers 22
Polymeric plasticizers 22
Environmental issues 24
United States 24
Western Europe 26
Asia 28
Mainland China 28
South Korea 28
Taiwan 29
Other 29
Supply and demand by region 31
United States 31
Producing companies 31
Arkema 33
BASF 33
CHS 33
Eastman 33
Emerald Kalama 33
ExxonMobil Chemical 33
Galata Chemicals 33
HallStar 34
ICL-IP 34
Inbra 34
LANXESS 34
Teknor Apex 34
Valtris 34
Vertellus 34
Westlake Chemical 34
Production 34
Phthalates 35
Aliphatics 37
Terephthalates 38
Epoxy plasticizers 38
Benzoates 39
Phosphate plasticizers 40
Trimellitates 41
Polymeric plasticizers 42
Other 42
Consumption 44
Phthalates 46
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) 47
Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) 48
Di(2-propylheptyl) phthalate (DPHP) 482,48
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP, DOP, dioctyl phthalate) 482,48
n-Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) 49
Linear phthalates 49
Diundecyl phthalate (DUP) 50
Ditridecyl (DTDP) phthalate 50
Dimethyl phthalate (DMP) 50
Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) 51
Diethyl phthalate (DEP) 51
Other 51
Aliphatics 51
Adipates 52
Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexanoate 532,53
Alkane sulfonic esters of phenol (ASEPs) 53
Azelates and sebacates 53
Citrates 54
Other 54
Terephthalates 55
Dioctyl terephthalate (DOTP) 55
Di-n-butyl terephthalate (DBT) 56
Epoxy plasticizers 56
Benzoates 57
Dibenzoates 57
Other 58
Trimellitates 58
Trioctyl trimellitate (TOTM) 59
Triisononyl trimellitate (TINTM) 60
Other 60
Phosphate plasticizers 60
Aryl phosphates 60
Alkyl phosphates 61
Polymeric plasticizers 63
Other 63
TXIB® Formulation Additive 64
Sulfonamides 64
Miscellaneous 65
Price 65
Trade 65
Canada 67
Producing companies 67
BASF Canada 68
GEON Performance Solutions 68
Production 69
Consumption 69
Trade 70
Imports 70
Exports 71
Mexico 72
Producing companies 72
Especialidades Industriales y Químicas 72
Alphagary 73
Resinas y Materiales (Resymat) 73
Sintesis Organicas 73
Salient statistics 73
Consumption 73
Trade 74
Imports 74
Exports 75
Brazil 75
Producing companies 75
BBC 76
COIM Brasil 76
DPV Produtos 76
Elekeiroz 76
Inbra 76
Petrom 76
Taminco do Brasil Produtos Químicos 77
Production 77
Salient statistics 77
Consumption 78
Trade 78
Imports 78
Exports 79
Other Central and South America 79
Producing companies 79
Carboquímica 80
Irixcor 80
Lestar Química 80
Panimex Química 80
Petroquimica Sima 80
Varteco Química 80
Salient statistics 81
Consumption 81
Western Europe 83
Producing companies 83
Production 89
Consumption 90
Plasticizers from renewable/recycled sources 94
Phthalates 95
Epoxy plasticizers 97
Aliphatics 98
Alkane sulfonic esters of phenol 99
Adipates 99
Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexanoate 992,99
Sebacates 99
Other 99
Di-isononyl cyclohexanoates 100
Terephthalates 100
Benzoates 102
Dibenzoates 103
Monobenzoates 103
Polymeric plasticizers 104
Trimellitates 104
Phosphate plasticizers 104
Citrate plasticizers 105
Other 106
Sulfonamides 106
Pentaerythritol tetravalerate 106
Price 106
Trade 107
Imports 107
Exports 108
Central and Eastern Europe 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 110
Consumption 111
CIS 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 113
Consumption 113
Middle East 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 116
Consumption 117
Africa 118
Producing companies 118
Salient statistics 118
Consumption 120
Indian Subcontinent 121
Producing companies 121
Salient statistics 122
Consumption 123
Trade 126
Mainland China 126
Producing companies 126
Salient statistics 136
Consumption 139
Phthalates and terephthalates 140
DEHP 140
DOTP 141
DINP 141
DBP/DIBP 142
DPHP 142
Epoxy plasticizers 143
Aliphatics 143
Trimellitates 143
Citrates 144
Other 144
Price 145
Trade 146
Imports 146
Exports 146
Japan 147
Producing companies 147
Production 149
Phthalates 150
Phosphate plasticizers 150
Adipates 150
Epoxy plasticizers 150
Trimellitates 150
Polymeric plasticizers 150
Other aliphatics 150
Other 151
Consumption 151
Phthalates and terephthalates 152
Adipates 154
Trimellitates 154
Epoxy plasticizers 154
Polymeric plasticizers 155
Phosphate plasticizers 155
Other 155
Price 156
Trade 156
Imports 156
Exports 157
Other Northeast Asia 158
Producing companies 158
Salient statistics 159
Consumption 160
Trade 162
Southeast Asia 164
Producing companies 164
Salient statistics 165
Consumption 166
Trade 169
Imports 169
Exports 169
Oceania 170
Salient statistics 170
Consumption 170
Additional resources 172
Revisions 173
Data Workbook 174
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