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Plasticizers

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary 8
Introduction15
Plasticizers and plasticization15
Phthalates17
Terephthalates17
Aliphatics17
Epoxidized vegetable oils17
Trimellitates18
Benzoates18
Phosphate plasticizers18
Polymeric plasticizers18
Manufacturing processes19
Polycarboxylic acid esters19
Terephthalates19
Epoxidized vegetable oils19
Phosphate plasticizers19
Polymeric plasticizers19
Environmental issues20
United States20
Western Europe21
Asia22
China22
South Korea22
Taiwan22
Other23
Supply and demand by region24
United States24
Producing companies24
Arkema26
BASF26
Eastman26
Emerald Kalama26
ExxonMobil Chemical26
Galata Chemicals26
HallStar26
ICL-IP26
LANXESS26
Teknor Apex26
Valtris27
Vertellus27
Westlake Chemical27
Production27
Phthalates28
Aliphatics29
Terephthalates31
Epoxy plasticizers31
Benzoates32
Phosphate plasticizers33
Trimellitates35
Polymeric plasticizers36
Other37
Consumption39
Phthalates40
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP)42
Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP)42
Di(2-propylheptyl) phthalate (DPHP)43
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP, DOP, dioctyl phthalate)43
n-Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP)44
Linear phthalates44
Diundecyl phthalate (DUP)45
Ditridecyl (DTDP) phthalate45
Dimethyl phthalate (DMP)45
Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP)45
Diethyl phthalate (DEP)45
Other45
Aliphatics46
Adipates47
Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexanoate48
Alkane sulfonic esters of phenol (ASEPs)48
Azelates and sebacates48
Citrates49
Other49
Terephthalates49
Dioctyl terephthalate (DOTP)50
Di-n-butyl terephthalate (DBT)50
Epoxy plasticizers50
Benzoates51
Dibenzoates52
Other53
Trimellitates53
Trioctyl trimellitate (TOTM)54
Triisononyl trimellitate (TINTM)54
Other54
Phosphate plasticizers54
Aryl phosphates54
Alkyl phosphates56
Polymeric plasticizers57
Other57
TXIB® Formulation Additive58
Sulfonamides58
Miscellaneous59
Price59
Trade59
Canada62
Producing companies62
Production63
Consumption63
Trade64
Imports64
Exports65
Mexico66
Producing companies66
Salient statistics67
Consumption67
Trade68
Imports68
Exports69
Brazil69
Producing companies69
BBC70
COIM Brasil70
DPV Produtos70
Elekeiroz70
Inbra70
Petrom70
Scandiflex71
Production71
Salient statistics71
Consumption72
Trade73
Imports73
Exports73
Other Central and South America74
Producing companies74
Carboquímica75
Irixcor75
Lestar Química75
Panimex Química75
Varteco Química75
Salient statistics75
Consumption76
Western Europe77
Producing companies77
Production82
Consumption84
Phthalates86
Epoxy plasticizers88
Aliphatics89
Alkane sulfonic esters of phenol89
Adipates90
Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexanoate90
Sebacates90
Other90
Hydrogenated phthalates90
Terephthalates91
Benzoates92
Dibenzoates93
Monobenzoates93
Polymeric plasticizers93
Trimellitates94
Phosphate plasticizers94
Citrate plasticizers94
Other95
Sulfonamides95
Developmental plasticizers: Pentaerythritol tetravalerate95
Price96
Trade97
Imports97
Exports97
Central and Eastern Europe98
Producing companies98
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Middle East 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 103
Consumption 104
Africa 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 105
Consumption 106
Japan 107
Producing companies 107
Production 108
Phthalates 108
Phosphate plasticizers 108
Adipates 109
Epoxy plasticizers 109
Trimellitates 109
Polymeric plasticizers 109
Other aliphatics 109
Other 109
Consumption 109
Phthalates and terephthalates 111
Adipates 113
Trimellitates 113
Epoxy plasticizers 113
Polymeric plasticizers 113
Phosphate plasticizers 113
Other 113
Price 114
Trade 115
Imports 115
Exports 116
China 118
Producing companies 118
Salient statistics 123
Consumption 125
Phthalates and terephthalates 126
DEHP 126
DOTP 127
DINP 127
DBP/DIBP 127
DPHP 128
Epoxy plasticizers 128
Aliphatics 128
Trimellitates 128
Citrates 129
Other 129
Price 129
Trade 130
Imports 130
Exports 131
Other Asia 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 135
Consumption 136
Trade 138
Imports 138
Exports 138
Oceania 139
Salient statistics 139
Consumption 140
Bibliography 141
Revisions 142
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