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Phosphoric Acid

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
Summary 8
Americas 9
Europe 9
Middle East and Africa 10
Mainland China 10
Other Asia 10
Introduction 11
Manufacturing processes 14
General 14
Manufacturing technology 14
Sulfuric acid route 14
Hydrochloric acid route 16
Nitric acid route 17
Raw materials 17
Phosphate rock 17
Sulfuric acid 18
Other materials18
By-products 18
Gypsum 18
Fluorine 19
Uranium 19
Concentration 19
Clarification 20
Defluorination 20
Refining (purification) 20
Properties 21
Regulations 23
Fertilizers 23
Detergents 23
Food 23
Feed 24
Other 24
Environmental issues 25
Supply and demand by region 27
World 27
Producing companies 28
Capacity and production 28
Consumption 31
Price 32
Trade 34
United States 35
Producing companies 35
Production capacity 37
Salient statistics 38
Production 39
Consumption 39
Fertilizer use 40
Animal feeds 41
Industrial uses 41
Price 42
Trade 43
Canada 44
Producing companies 44
Salient statistics 45
Consumption 46
Price 47
Mexico 48
Producing companies 48
Salient statistics 48
Consumption 49
Central and South America 50
Producing companies 50
Production capacity 53
Salient statistics 53
Production 54
Consumption 54
Trade 55
Western Europe 56
Producing companies 56
Production capacity 58
Salient statistics 59
Production 60
Consumption 62
Price 64
Trade 66
Central Europe 67
Producing companies 67
Production capacity 69
Salient statistics 70
Production 71
Consumption 72
Price 74
Trade 74
CIS and Baltic States 75
Producing companies 75
Production capacity 78
Salient statistics 79
Production 80
Consumption 81
Price 83
Trade 83
Middle East 84
Producing companies 84
Production capacity 86
Salient statistics 87
Production 88
Consumption 89
Price 91
Trade 91
Africa 93
Producing companies 93
Production capacity 96
Salient statistics 97
Production 98
Consumption 99
Price 101
Trade 101
Indian Subcontinent 103
Producing companies 103
Production capacity 105
Salient statistics 105
Production 106
Consumption 107
Price 109
Trade 111
Mainland China 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 119
Production 120
Consumption 121
Fertilizer 122
DAP 122
MAP 122
TSP 123
Direct/other 123
Animal feeds 123
DCP 123
MCP 123
TCP 123
Industrial and other 124
Direct PA use 124
STPP 124
Other sodium phosphates 125
Calcium phosphates 125
Potassium phosphate 125
Other 125
Price 125
Trade 126
Japan 127
Producing companies 127
Production capacity 128
Salient statistics 129
Consumption 130
Price 131
Trade 131
Other Northeast Asia 132
Producing companies 132
Production capacity 133
Salient statistics 133
Consumption 134
Trade 135
Southeast Asia and Oceania 136
Producing companies 136
Production capacity 138
Salient statistics 139
Production 140
Consumption 140
Price 142
Trade 142
Additional resources 144
Revisions 146
Data Workbook 147
Notice 148
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