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Petrochemical Industry Overview

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
List of abbreviations 11
Petrochemical industry fundamentals 13
Introduction 13
Sources of petrochemicals 14
Crude petroleum 15
Natural gas 18
Coal 20
Major industry characteristics 21
The seven basic building blocks 23
Ethylene 23
Polyethylene 26
Ethylene oxide 26
Ethylene dichloride 27
Ethylbenzene 27
Linear alpha-olefins 28
Propylene 28
Polypropylene 31
Propylene oxide 32
Acrylonitrile 32
Cumene 33
Acrylic acid 33
Oxo alcohols 34
Methanol 34
Formaldehyde 37
Fuel applications 37
Acetic acid 38
Methanol-to-olefins / methanol-to-propylene 39
Methyl methacrylate 39
Butadiene 40
Polybutadiene 42
Styrene-butadiene rubber 43
Styrene-butadiene latexes 43
Nitrile elastomers 44
ABS resins 44
Adiponitrile 45
Benzene 45
Ethylbenzene 48
Cumene 49
Cyclohexane 49
Nitrobenzene 49
Alkylbenzene 50
Chlorobenzene 50
Toluene 50
Benzene / mixed xylenes 53
Gasoline blending 53
Toluene diisocyanate 53
Benzoic acid 53
Xylenes 54
para-Xylene 57
ortho-Xylene 57
meta-Xylene 58
Gasoline blending 58
Solvents 58
Ammonia 59
Major petrochemical producers 61
Supply and demand by region 62
World 62
Capacity 62
Ethylene 64
Propylene 65
Methanol 66
Butadiene 68
Benzene 68
Toluene 69
Xylenes 70
Salient statistics 71
Ethylene 73
Propylene 75
Methanol 76
Butadiene 79
Benzene 80
Toluene 82
Xylenes 83
Price 85
Trade 86
North America 89
Sources of basic petrochemicals 90
Capacity 92
Production 96
Ethylene 97
Propylene 98
Methanol 99
Butadiene 100
Aromatics 100
Consumption 101
Trade 102
South America 103
Sources of basic petrochemicals 104
Capacity 105
Production 107
Ethylene 108
Propylene 109
Methanol 109
Butadiene 110
Aromatics 111
Consumption 111
Trade 112
Western Europe 113
Sources of basic petrochemicals 114
Capacity 115
Production 117
Ethylene 118
Propylene 119
Methanol 119
Butadiene 121
Aromatics 121
Consumption 121
Trade 123
Central Europe 123
Source of basic petrochemicals 124
Capacity 125
Production 126
Ethylene 127
Propylene 127
Methanol 128
Butadiene 129
Aromatics 129
Consumption 129
Trade 130
CIS and Baltic States 131
Sources of basic petrochemicals 132
Capacity 133
Production 134
Ethylene 135
Propylene 136
Methanol 136
Butadiene 137
Aromatics 137
Consumption 138
Trade 139
Middle East 140
Sources of basic petrochemicals 141
Capacity 142
Production 144
Ethylene 145
Propylene 146
Methanol 147
Butadiene 148
Aromatics 148
Consumption 148
Trade 149
Africa 150
Sources of basic petrochemicals 150
Capacity 152
Production 153
Ethylene 153
Propylene 154
Methanol 155
Butadiene 156
Aromatics 156
Consumption 156
Trade 157
Indian Subcontinent 158
Sources of basic petrochemicals 158
Capacity 159
Production 161
Ethylene 162
Propylene 162
Methanol 163
Butadiene 164
Aromatics 164
Consumption 164
Trade 166
Northeast Asia 166
Sources of basic petrochemicals 167
Capacity 169
Production 171
Ethylene 172
Propylene 173
Methanol 175
Butadiene 176
Aromatics –176
Consumption 176
Trade 178
Southeast Asia 179
Sources of basic petrochemicals 179
Capacity 181
Production 182
Ethylene 183
Propylene 183
Methanol 184
Butadiene 185
Aromatics 185
Consumption 185
Trade 187
Additional resources 188
Revisions 189
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