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Petrochemical Industry Overview

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
List of abbreviations 10
Introduction 12
Petrochemical industry fundamentals 14
Sources of petrochemicals 14
Crude petroleum 15
Natural gas 18
Coal 19
Major industry characteristics 20
The seven basic building blocks 23
Ethylene23
Polyethylene26
Ethylene oxide 26
Ethylene dichloride 27
Ethylbenzene 27
Linear alpha-olefins 28
Propylene 28
Polypropylene 31
Propylene oxide 32
Acrylonitrile 32
Cumene 33
Acrylic acid 33
Oxo alcohols 34
Methanol 34
Formaldehyde 37
Fuel applications 37
Acetic acid 38
Methanol-to-olefins/methanol-to-propylene 39
Methyl methacrylate 39
Butadiene 40
Polybutadiene 42
Styrene-butadiene rubber 42
Styrene-butadiene latexes 43
Nitrile elastomers 43
ABS resins 44
Adiponitrile 44
Benzene 44
Ethylbenzene 47
Cumene 47
Cyclohexane 48
Nitrobenzene 48
Alkylbenzene 48
Chlorobenzene 49
Toluene 49
Benzene / mixed xylenes 52
Gasoline blending 52
Toluene diisocyanate 52
Benzoic acid 52
Xylenes 53
para-Xylene 56
ortho-Xylene 56
meta-Xylene 57
Gasoline blending 57
Solvents 57
Ammonia 58
Major petrochemical producers 60
Supply and demand by region 62
World 62
Capacity 62
Ethylene 65
Propylene 66
Methanol 67
Butadiene 69
Benzene 69
Toluene 70
Xylenes 71
Salient statistics 72
Ethylene 75
Propylene 76
Methanol 78
Butadiene 79
Benzene 81
Toluene 83
Xylenes 84
Price 85
Trade 86
North America 90
Capacity 91
Production 95
Ethylene 96
Propylene 97
Methanol 97
Butadiene 97
Aromatics 98
Consumption 98
Trade 100
Central and South America 101
Capacity 101
Production 103
Ethylene 104
Propylene 105
Methanol 105
Butadiene 106
Aromatics 106
Consumption 106
Trade 108
Western Europe 109
Capacity 109
Production 111
Ethylene 113
Propylene 113
Methanol 114
Butadiene 114
Aromatics 115
Consumption 115
Trade 117
Central and Eastern Europe 118
Capacity 118
Production 120
Ethylene 121
Propylene 121
Methanol 122
Butadiene 122
Aromatics 122
Consumption 123
Trade 124
CIS and Baltic States 125
Capacity 126
Production 127
Ethylene 129
Propylene 129
Methanol 129
Butadiene 130
Aromatics 130
Consumption 130
Trade 132
Middle East 132
Capacity 133
Production 135
Ethylene 137
Propylene 137
Methanol 138
Butadiene 138
Aromatics 138
Consumption 139
Trade 140
Africa 141
Capacity 142
Production 143
Ethylene 144
Propylene 144
Methanol 145
Butadiene 145
Aromatics 145
Consumption 145
Trade 147
Indian Subcontinent 148
Capacity 148
Production 150
Ethylene 151
Propylene 152
Methanol 152
Butadiene 152
Aromatics 153
Consumption 153
Trade 154
Northeast Asia 155
Capacity 156
Production 159
Ethylene 161
Propylene 162
Methanol 163
Butadiene 163
Aromatics 163
Consumption 164
Trade 166
Southeast Asia 167
Capacity 168
Production 169
Ethylene 170
Propylene 171
Methanol 171
Butadiene 171
Aromatics 172
Consumption 172
Trade 174
Additional resources 175
Revisions 177
Data Workbook 178
Notice 179
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