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Petrochemical Industry Overview

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
List of abbreviations 10
Introduction 12
Petrochemical industry fundamentals 14
Sources of petrochemicals 14
Crude petroleum 15
Natural gas 18
Coal 19
Major industry characteristics 20
The seven basic building blocks 23
Ethylene23
Polyethylene26
Ethylene oxide 26
Ethylene dichloride 27
Ethylbenzene 27
Linear alpha-olefins 28
Propylene 28
Polypropylene 31
Propylene oxide 32
Acrylonitrile 32
Cumene 33
Acrylic acid 33
Oxo alcohols 34
Methanol 34
Formaldehyde 37
Fuel applications 37
Acetic acid 38
Methanol-to-olefins/methanol-to-propylene 39
Methyl methacrylate 39
Butadiene 40 Polybutadiene 42 40,42
Styrene-butadiene rubber 42
Styrene-butadiene latexes 42
Nitrile elastomers 43
ABS resins 43
Adiponitrile 44
Benzene 44
Ethylbenzene 47
Cumene 47
Cyclohexane 48
Nitrobenzene 48
Alkylbenzene 48
Chlorobenzene 49
Toluene 49
Benzene / mixed xylenes 52
Gasoline blending 52
Toluene diisocyanate 52
Benzoic acid 52
Xylenes 53 para-Xylene 56 53,56
ortho-Xylene 56
meta-Xylene 57
Gasoline blending 57
Solvents 57
Ammonia 58
Major petrochemical producers 60
Supply and demand by region 61
World 61
Capacity 61
Ethylene 63
Propylene 65
Methanol 66
Butadiene 67
Benzene 68
Toluene 69
Xylenes 69
Salient statistics 70
Ethylene 72
Propylene 73
Methanol 74
Butadiene 76
Benzene 77
Toluene 78
Xylenes 80
Price 81
Trade 82
North America 86
Capacity 87
Production 91
Ethylene 92
Propylene 93
Methanol 93
Butadiene 94
Aromatics 94
Consumption 95
Trade 96
Central and South America 97
Capacity 98
Production 99
Ethylene 101
Propylene 101
Methanol 102
Butadiene 102
Aromatics 102
Consumption 103
Trade 104
Western Europe 105
Capacity 106
Production 107
Ethylene 109
Propylene 109
Methanol 110
Butadiene 110
Aromatics 110
Consumption 111
Trade 112
Central Europe 113
Capacity 113
Production 115
Ethylene 116
Propylene 116
Methanol 117
Butadiene 117
Aromatics 117
Consumption 117
Trade 119
CIS and Baltic States 119
Capacity 120
Production 122
Ethylene 123
Propylene 123
Methanol 124
Butadiene 124
Aromatics 124
Consumption 124
Trade 126
Middle East 126
Capacity 127
Production 129
Ethylene 131
Propylene 131
Methanol 132
Butadiene 132
Aromatics 132
Consumption 132
Trade 134
Africa 135
Capacity 136
Production 137
Ethylene 138
Propylene 138
Methanol 139
Butadiene 139
Aromatics 139
Consumption 139
Trade 141
Indian Subcontinent 142
Capacity 142
Production 144
Ethylene 146
Propylene 146
Methanol 147
Butadiene 147
Aromatics 147
Consumption 148
Trade 149
Northeast Asia 150
Capacity 151
Production 153
Ethylene 155
Propylene 156
Methanol 156
Butadiene 157
Aromatics 157
Consumption 158
Trade 160
Southeast Asia 160
Capacity 161
Production 162
Ethylene 163
Propylene 164
Methanol 164
Butadiene 164
Aromatics 165
Consumption 165
Trade 167
Additional resources 168
Revisions 170
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