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Oxo Chemicals

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
Summary 9
Introduction 16
Manufacturing processes 18
Propionaldehyde 18
Butyraldehydes 18
Cobalt hydrocarbonyl catalyst 19
Phosphine-modified cobalt catalyst 19
Rhodium catalyst 19
Valeraldehydes 19
Higher aldehydes and alcohols 20
Carboxylic acids 20
Oxo acids (derived from C6 and higher aldehydes) 20
Neo acids 20
Supply and demand by region 22
United States 22
Producing companies 22
BASF 23
Dow 23
Eastman 23
ExxonMobil 24
OQ Chemicals 24
Shell 24
Production 26
Consumption 26
Propionaldehyde 27
n-Propanol 28
Propionic acid 31
Trimethylolethane 32
Dimethylolpropionic acid 33
Other 33
n-Butyraldehyde 34
n-Butanol 34
2-Ethylhexanol 35
Trimethylolpropane 36
2-Ethylhexanoic acid 37
Polyvinyl butyral 38
Methyl n-amyl ketone 39
n-Butyric acid 39
Other 40
Isobutyraldehyde 40
Condensation/esterification products 41
Isobutanol 42
Neopentyl glycol 43
Isobutyric acid 45
Isobutyl acetate 46
Isobutylidene diurea 46
Methyl isoamyl ketone 46
Other 47
Valeraldehyde 47
2-Propylheptanol 48
Amyl alcohol 49
Valeric acid 50
Heptanoic and pelargonic acids (C7-C9 oxo acids) 51
Branched oxo acids 53
Neo acids 53
Neodecanoic acid 54
Neopentanoic acid 55
Neononanoic acid 56
C7-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 56
Detergent oxo alcohols 57
Price 57
Trade 58
Canada 60
Consumption 60
Trade 60
Mexico 62
Consumption 62
Trade 62
Central and South America 63
Producing companies 63
Salient statistics 64
Consumption 64
Western Europe 65
Producing companies 65
Production 68
Consumption 69
Propionaldehyde 70
Propionic acid 71
n-Propanol 71
Other 71
n-Butyraldehyde 71
n-Butanol and 2-ethylhexanol (2-EH) 72
2-Ethylhexanoic and n-butyric acids 73
Trimethylolpropane 74
Polyvinyl butyral 75
Other 75
Isobutyraldehyde 76
Isobutanol 76
Neopentyl glycol 77
Isobutylidene diurea 77
Isobutyric acid and DL-pantolactone 77
Valeraldehyde 77
2-Propylheptanol 78
Amyl alcohol 79
Valeric acid 79
Heptanoic and pelargonic acids (C7-C9 oxo acids) 79
Branched oxo acids 80
Neo acids 81
Neodecanoic acid 81
Neopentanoic acid 82
C7-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 82
Detergent oxo alcohols 83
Price 84
Trade 84
Imports 84
Exports 85
Central Europe 86
Producing companies 86
Salient statistics 86
Consumption 87
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 87
Producing companies 87
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 88
Middle East 89
Producing companies 89
Salient statistics 90
Consumption 90
Africa 91
Producing companies 91
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 92
Indian Subcontinent 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 95
n-Butyraldehyde 96
Isobutyraldehyde 97
Other 97
Mainland China 97
Producing companies 97
Salient statistics 102
Consumption 103
Propionaldehyde 104
n-Propanol 104
n-Propionic acid 105
TME 105
n-Butyraldehyde 105
2-Ethylhexanol 106
n-Butanol 106
Trimethylolpropane 106
Polyvinyl butyral resin (PVB) 107
Isobutyraldehyde 107
Isobutanol 107
Neopentyl glycol 108
Other 108
Valeraldehyde 108
C7-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 109
Other 109
Trade 109
Japan 110
Producing companies 110
Production 111
Consumption 112
Propionaldehyde 113
n-Butyraldehyde 114
2-Ethylhexanol 115
n-Butanol 115
Polyvinyl butyral 116
Trimethylolpropane 116
Other 117
Isobutyraldehyde 118
Neopentyl glycol 119
Isobutanol 119
Isobutylidene diurea 119
DL-pantolactone 119
Other 120
Valeraldehyde 120
Heptanoic and pelargonic acids (C7-C9 oxo acids) 120
Branched oxo acids 120
Neo acids 120
C6-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 120
Detergent oxo alcohols 121
Price 121
Trade 122
Other Northeast Asia 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 124
Consumption 125
n-Butyraldehyde 127
Isobutyraldehyde 128
C7-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 128
Southeast Asia 128
Producing companies 128
Salient statistics 130
Consumption 130
n-Butyraldehyde 132
Isobutyraldehyde 133
C7-C13 plasticizer oxo alcohols 133
Oceania 133
Additional resources 135
Revisions 137
Data Workbook 138
Notice 139
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