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Nitric Acid

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 9
Manufacturing process 10
Basic process 10
Process variations10
Catalysts10
Operating pressures 11
Oxidation, absorption, and concentration11
Environmental issues 13
Supply and demand by region 15
World 15
Capacity 15
Salient statistics 17
Production 17
Consumption 19
Ammonium nitrate (including calcium ammonium nitrate)23
Nitrobenzene 23
Adipic acid 23
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) 23
Metal nitrates 23
Complex fertilizers 23
Nitrochlorobenzene 23
Other 24
Trade 24
North America 25
Overview 26
Capacity 26
Salient statistics 27
Consumption 28
United States 29
Producing companies 29
Salient statistics 32
Consumption 33
Ammonium nitrate 34
Adipic acid 35
Nitrobenzene 35
Toluene diisocyanate 35
Metal treatment 35
Metal nitrates 36
Other 37
Price 38
Trade 39
Canada 40
Producing companies 40
Salient statistics 41
Consumption 41
Price 42
Mexico 43
Producing companies 43
Salient statistics 44
Consumption 45
South America 46
Producing companies 46
Capacity 48
Salient statistics 49
Consumption 49
Trade 50
Western Europe 51
Producing companies 51
Capacity 54
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 56
Price 58
Trade 58
Central Europe 60
Producing companies 60
Capacity 62
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Price 65
Trade 65
Eastern Europe 67
Producing companies 67
Capacity 69
Salient statistics 70
Consumption 71
Price 72
Trade 72
Middle East 74
Producing companies 74
Capacity 76
Salient statistics 76
Consumption 77
Trade 78
Africa 80
Producing companies 80
Capacity 82
Salient statistics 83
Consumption 84
Trade 84
Southwest Asia 86
Producing companies 86
Capacity 88
Salient statistics 88
Production 89
Consumption 89
Trade 90
Mainland China 91
Producing companies 91
Salient statistics 96
Consumption 97
Price 98
Trade 99
Japan 100
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 101
Consumption 102
Price 104
Other Northeast Asia 104
Producing companies 104
Salient statistics 105
Consumption 106
Trade 107
Southeast Asia 108
Producing companies 108
Capacity 110
Salient statistics 110
Production 111
Consumption 111
Trade 112
Additional resources 114
Revisions 115
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