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Natural Fatty Acids

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Introduction11
Manufacturing processes13
Raw material sources and types of fatty acids14
Tallow15
Tall oil fatty acids15
Coconut and palm kernel16
Soybean17
Other17
Environmental issues18
Supply and demand by region19
North America19
Producing companies19
Fat and oil splitting19
Akzo Nobel20
Emery Oleochemicals21
P&G21
PMC21
Twin Rivers21
Vantage Oleochemicals22
VVF22
TOFA22
Kraton Corporation (formerly Arizona Chemical Company)23
Solenis (formerly Ashland Water Technologies)24
Eastman Chemical Company24
Ingevity (formerly Georgia-Pacific Pine Chemicals)24
Ingevity (formerly MeadWestvaco)24
Salient statistics25
Consumption27
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)32
Quaternary ammonium salts33
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines34
Other fatty acid derivatives34
Esters35
Metal salts35
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids37
Ester quats38
Anionic specialty surfactants38
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats39
Fatty acid amides40
Amphoteric surfactants40
Shorter-chain fatty acid production (ozonolysis)41
Alkyl ketene dimer41
Oleic/linoleic acids from tall oil fatty acids41
Other41
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts41
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners41
Emulsion polymerization42
Alkyd resins42
Rubber compounding43
Crayons, candles43
Animal feed43
Mining43
Buffing compounds43
Other fatty acids43
Price44
Trade45
Imports45
Exports46
Mexico47
Central and South America48
Western Europe50
Producing companies50
Fat and oil splitting50
TOFA53
Regulatory issues58
Salient statistics59
Consumption62
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)64
Quaternary ammonium salts64
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines64
Other fatty acid derivatives64
Esters64
Ester quats65
Metal salts65
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids65
Fatty alcohols66
Amphoteric surfactants/betaine66
Fatty acid amides66
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats66
Fatty acids used as such66
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners67
Emulsion polymerization67
Alkyd resins67
Rubber compounding67
Crayons, waxes, candles68
Animal feed68
Mining68
Other fatty acids68
Price68
Trade69
Imports69
Exports70
Central and Eastern Europe71
Producing companies71
Salient statistics73
Consumption74
Price74
Trade75
Imports75
Exports75
Middle East76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Consumption78
Price78
Trade78
Imports78
Exports79
Africa79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics80
Consumption81
Price81
Trade82
Imports82
Exports82
Asian producing companies83
Japan84
Producing companies84
New Japan Chemical Co., Ltd.85
Kao Corporation85
NOF Corporation85
Miyoshi Oil & Fat86
Salient statistics86
Consumption89
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route)91
Other fatty acid derivatives91
Esters and specialty surfactants91
Metal salts (calcium, zinc, magnesium, and aluminum stearates)92
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids93
Fatty acid amides (including fatty alkanolamides)93
Other metal salts (lead, barium, cadmium, and other stearates)93
Other derivatives93
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts94
Soap and cleaners94
Rubber processing94
Emulsion polymerization94
Alkyd resins94
Detergents94
Lubricants, grease, and waxes94
Other fatty acids94
Price94
Trade96
Other Asia97
China98
Producing companies98
Wilmar International 100
Taiko Palm-Oleo (Zhangjiagang) Co., Ltd. 100
Rugao Shuangma Chemical Co., Ltd. 101
Salient statistics 101
Consumption 101
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route) 102
Other fatty acid derivatives 102
Esters 102
Metal salts 103
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids 103
Fatty acid amides 103
Amphoteric surfactants 103
Other 103
Fatty acids as such 103
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners 103
Other 104
Price 104
Trade 104
India 105
Producing companies 105
Price 107
Trade 107
Indonesia 109
Producing companies 109
PT Cisadane Raya Chemical 110
PT Sumi Asih 110
PT Sinar Oleochemical International (Soci Mas) 110
PT Ecogreen Oleochemicals 110
PT Musim Mas 110
PT Wilmar Bioenergi Indonesia 110
Price 111
Trade 111
Malaysia 113
Producing companies 113
Price 114
Trade 114
Philippines 116
Producing companies 116
United Coconut Chemicals Inc. 117
Pan Century Surfactants Inc. 117
Trade 117
South Korea 119
Producing companies 119
Price 119
Trade 120
Taiwan 121
Producing companies 121
Price 122
Trade 122
Thailand 124
Producing companies 124
Price 125
Trade 125
Australia 127
Producing companies 127
Trade 127
Additional resources 129
Revisions 130
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