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Natural Fatty Acids

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
Introduction 14
Manufacturing processes 16
Raw material sources and types of fatty acids 18
Tallow 19
Tall oil fatty acids 20
Palm 20
Coconut and palm kernel 21
Soybean 21
Other 22
Environmental issues 23
Supply and demand by region 24
North America 24
Producing companies 24
Fat and oil splitting 24
Emery Oleochemicals 26
Nouryon 26
P&G 27
PMC 27
Twin Rivers 27
Vantage Oleochemicals 27
VVF 28
TOFA 28
Ingevity 29
Kraton Corporation 30
Solenis 31
Salient statistics 31
Consumption 33
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route) 39
Quaternary ammonium salts 39
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines 40
Other fatty acid derivatives 41
Esters 41
Metal salts 42
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids 44
Ester quats 45
Anionic specialty surfactants 46
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats 46
Fatty acid amides 47
Amphoteric surfactants 48
Shorter-chain fatty acid production (ozonolysis) 48
Alkyl ketene dimer 49
Oleic/linoleic acids from tall oil fatty acids 49
Other 49
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts 49
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners 49
Emulsion polymerization 50
Alkyd resins 50
Rubber compounding 51
Crayons, candles 51
Animal feed 51
Mining 51
Buffing compounds 51
Other fatty acids 51
Price 52
Trade 53
Imports 53
Exports 55
Mexico 56
Central and South America 58
Western Europe 61
Producing companies 61
Fat and oil splitting 61
TOFA 65
Regulatory issues 70
Salient statistics 71
Consumption 75
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route) 77
Quaternary ammonium salts 77
Amines, diamines, and ethoxylated amines 77
Other fatty acid derivatives 77
Esters 77
Ester quats 78
Metal salts 78
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids 79
Fatty alcohols 79
Amphoteric surfactants/betaine 79
Fatty acid amides 80
Fatty acid–polyamine condensates and their quats 80
Fatty acids used as such 80
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners 80
Emulsion polymerization 80
Alkyd resins 81
Rubber compounding 81
Crayons, waxes, candles 81
Animal feed 81
Mining 81
Other fatty acids 82
Price 82
Trade 83
Imports 83
Exports 84
Central Europe 85
Producing companies 85
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Price 87
Trade 87
Imports 87
Exports 88
CIS and Baltic States 89
Producing companies 89
Salient statistics 90
Consumption 91
Price 92
Trade 92
Imports 92
Exports 93
Middle East 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 95
Consumption 96
Industry surfactants 97
Fatty alcohols 97
Fatty acids used as such 97
Price 97
Trade 98
Imports 98
Exports 99
Africa 99
Producing companies 99
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 102
Price 102
Trade 102
Imports 102
Exports 103
Indian Subcontinent 104
Producing companies 104
Salient statistics 105
Consumption 106
Price 107
Trade 107
Mainland China 110
Producing companies 110
Fat and oil splitting 110
–Wilmar International 112
Taiko Palm-Oleo (Zhangjiagang) Co., Ltd. 112
Rugao Shuangma Chemical Co., Ltd. 112
TOFA 112
Salient statistics 113
Consumption 114
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route) 116
Other fatty acid derivatives 117
Esters 117
Metal salts 117
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids 117
Amphoteric surfactants 117
Fatty acid amides 117
Other 118
Fatty acids as such 118
Cosmetics, soaps, polishes, and household and industrial cleaners 118
Rubber compounding 118
Alkyd resins 118
Emulsion polymerization 119
Other 119
Price 119
Trade 119
Other Northeast Asia 120
Producing companies 120
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
Japan 122
Producing companies 122
New Japan Chemical Co., Ltd. 124
Kao Corporation 124
NOF Corporation 124
Miyoshi Oil & Fat 124
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 126
Fatty amine derivatives (via nitrile route) 128
Other fatty acid derivatives 129
Esters and specialty surfactants 129
Metal salts (aluminum, calcium, magnesium, and zinc stearates) 129
Monomer/dimer/trimer acids 130
Fatty acid amides (including fatty alkanolamides) 130
Other metal salts (lead, barium, cadmium, and other stearates) 131
Other derivatives 131
Fatty acids used as such or as alkali metal salts 131
Soap and cleaners 131
Rubber processing 131
Emulsion polymerization 131
Alkyd resins 132
Detergents 132
Lubricants, grease, and waxes 132
Other fatty acids 132
Price 132
Trade 133
South Korea 134
Producing companies 134
Price 135
Trade 135
Taiwan 137
Producing companies 137
Price 137
Trade 138
Southeast Asia and Oceania 139
Overview 140
Producing companies 140
Salient statistics 142
Consumption 143
Indonesia 143
Producing companies 143
PT Cisadane Raya Chemical 145
PT Sumi Asih 145
PT Sinar Oleochemical International (Soci Mas) 145
PT Ecogreen Oleochemicals 145
PT Musim Mas 145
PT Wilmar Bioenergi Indonesia 146
Price 146
Trade 147
Malaysia 148
Producing companies 148
Price 149
Trade 150
Philippines 151
Producing companies 151
United Coconut Chemicals Inc. 152
Pan Century Surfactants Inc. 152
Trade 152
Thailand 154
Producing companies 154
Price 154
Trade 155
Oceania 156
Producing companies 156
Trade 156
Additional resources 159
Revisions 160
Data Workbook 161
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