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Amino Acids

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
Industry structure and trends 11
Methionine 11
Lysine 14
Threonine 16
Tryptophan 18
Forces at work 20
Introduction 21
Methionine 22
Commercial products 22
Bioefficacy or nutritional utilization 22
Lysine 23
Threonine 24
Tryptophan 24
Manufacturing processes 25
Methionine 25
DL-Methionine 25
Methionine hydroxy analog 25
Lysine 26
Threonine 28
Tryptophan 28
Supply and demand by region 29
United States 29
Regulation 29
Feed use 29
Nitrogen pollution 29
Food and nutritional supplement use 30
Pharmaceutical use 30
Animal production 30
Feed market trends 32
Poultry feeds 32
Swine feeds 34
Dairy and beef cattle feeds 35
Sheep feeds 36
Aquaculture 37
Pet foods 37
Methionine 38
Producing companies 38
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 40
Price 43
Trade 43
Imports 43
Exports 45
Lysine 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 47
Consumption 48
Price 50
Trade 51
Threonine 53
Producing companies 53
Salient statistics 54
Consumption 55
Price 56
Trade 56
Tryptophan 56
Producing companies 57
Salient statistics 57
Consumption 57
Price 58
Trade 59
Canada 59
Regulation 59
Methionine and lysine 59
Threonine 60
Tryptophan 60
Mexico 60
Methionine and lysine 60
Threonine 62
Tryptophan 62
Central and South America 63
Methionine 63
Lysine 64
Producing companies 64
Salient statistics 65
Trade 66
Threonine 68
Tryptophan 68
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 68
Summary 68
Animal production 70
Compound feed 71
Regulation 73
Salient statistics 74
Western Europe 76
Methionine 77
Producing companies 77
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 80
Price 81
Trade 82
Lysine 85
Producing companies 85
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Price 87
Trade 88
Threonine 90
Producing companies 90
Salient statistics 91
Consumption 91
Price 92
Trade 92
Tryptophan 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 94
Price 95
Trade 95
Central and Eastern Europe 95
Methionine 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 96
Price 97
Trade 98
Lysine 100
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 101
Price 101
Trade 102
Threonine 103
Producing companies 103
Salient statistics 104
Price 104
Trade 105
Tryptophan 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 106
Trade 106
Middle East 106
Methionine 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 107
Price 107
Trade 108
Lysine 109
Salient statistics 109
Price 110
Trade 110
Threonine 111
Tryptophan 112
Africa 112
Methionine 113
Producing companies 113
Salient statistics 113
Price 113
Trade 114
Lysine 115
Producing companies 115
Salient statistics 115
Price 116
Trade 116
Threonine 118
Tryptophan 119
Japan 119
Regulation 119
Feed use 119
Food and nutritional supplement use 119
Pharmaceutical use 120
Methionine 120
Producing companies 120
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
Price 123
Trade 124
Lysine 124
Producing companies 124
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 125
Price 126
Trade 127
Threonine 128
Producing companies 128
Consumption 129
Price 129
Trade 129
Tryptophan 129
Producing companies 129
Consumption 129
Price 130
Trade 130
China 130
Regulation 130
Feed use 130
Food and nutritional supplement use 130
Pharmaceutical use 130
Methionine 130
Producing companies 130
Salient statistics 133
Consumption 133
Price 135
Trade 136
Lysine 137
Producing companies 137
Salient statistics 139
Consumption 140
Price 142
Trade 143
Threonine 145
Producing companies 145
Production and consumption 146
Price 147
Trade 148
Tryptophan 148
Producing companies 148
Production and consumption 149
Price 150
Trade 150
Other Asia 150
Methionine 151
Producing companies 151
Salient statistics 151
Consumption 152
Price 153
Trade 153
Lysine 153
Producing companies 153
Salient statistics 155
Consumption 155
Price 156
Trade 157
Threonine 157
Producing companies 157
Production and consumption 158
Price 158
Trade 158
Tryptophan 158
Producing companies 158
Production and consumption 158
Price 159
Trade 159
Additional resources 160
Revisions 162
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