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Linear Alpha-Olefins

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 13
Manufacturing processes 14
Ethylene oligomerization 14
Chevron Phillips Chemical’s ethylene oligomerization (Ziegler process) 15
INEOS’s ethylene oligomerization (modified Ziegler process) 16
Shell’s ethylene oligomerization (Shell higher olefins process—SHOP) 18
Idemitsu’s ethylene oligomerization process 19
Vista’s Alfene® process 19
Exxon’s ethylene oligomerization process 19
DuPont’s Versipol™ process 19
SABIC/Linde alpha-SABLIN™ process 19
Ethylene tetramerization 20
Ethylene trimerization 20
Ethylene dimerization 20
Other alpha-olefin synthesis routes 21
Sasol’s purification process 21
Paraffin wax cracking 21
Dehydration of alcohols 21
Isomerization of internal olefins 21
Metathesis of natural oils 22
Supply and demand by region 23
North America 23
Producing companies 23
Salient statistics 25
Consumption 25
Polyethylene comonomers 28
Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) resins 29
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) resins 30
Elastomers and plastomers 31
Oxo alcohols 32
Detergent alcohols 32
Plasticizer alcohols 34
Polyalphaolefins 35
Oil field drilling fluids 38
Other lubricant additives 39
Linear alkylbenzene 40
Surfactants 40
Alkenylsuccinic anhydrides 41
Synthetic fatty acids (C7-C9) 427,9,42
Alkyldimethylamines and dialkylmethylamines 43
Polypropylene comonomer 44
Chlorinated olefins 45
Linear mercaptans 45
Aluminum alkyls 46
Alkyldiphenylether disulfonates 46
Other 46
Price 47
Trade 48
Central and South America 49
Salient statistics 49
Consumption 49
Western Europe 50
Producing companies 50
Salient statistics 51
Consumption 52
Polyethylene comonomers 53
LLDPE/HDPE 53
Plastomers and elastomers 54
Polyalphaolefins 55
Oxo alcohols 56
Detergent oxo alcohols 56
Plasticizer alcohols 57
Polybutene-1 571,57
Alkenylsuccinic anhydride 58
Linear alkylbenzene 58
alpha-Olefin sulfonates/surfactants 58
Lube oil additives 58
Other 59
Price 59
Trade 59
Central and Eastern Europe 60
Producing companies 60
Salient statistics 61
Consumption 61
Middle East 63
Producing companies 63
Salient statistics 64
Consumption 65
Africa 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 67
Consumption 68
Japan 69
Producing companies 69
Salient statistics 70
Consumption 71
Polyethylene comonomers 72
Oxo alcohols 73
Plasticizer alcohols 73
Detergent alcohols 73
alpha-Olefin sulfonates 73
Linear alkyl benzene (LAB) 73
Other 73
Price 74
Trade 74
China 75
Producing companies 75
Salient statistics 76
Consumption 77
Polyethylene comonomers 79
alpha-Olefin sulfonates 79
Polyalphaolefins 80
Other 81
Trade 81
Other Asia 81
Producing companies 81
Salient statistics 82
India 82
Other Northeast Asia 83
Southeast Asia 83
Consumption 84
India 84
Other Northeast Asia 85
Southeast Asia 85
Trade 86
Other Northeast Asia 86
Southeast Asia 87
Additional resources 88
Revisions 90
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