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Phosphates, Industrial

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 11
Introduction 17
Manufacturing processes 23
Thermal phosphoric acid 23
Solvent extraction of wet-process phosphoric acid (WPA) 24
WPA extraction within water-insoluble solvents 24
IMI cleaning process 24
Rhodia process 24
Prayon process 24
Albright & Wilson process 24
WPA extraction within partially water-soluble solvents 25
WPA extraction within water-soluble solvents 25
Chemical purification of wet-process phosphoric acid (WPA) 25
Sodium phosphates 25
Calcium phosphates 27
Potassium phosphates 27
Environmental issues 29
Supply and demand by region 32
United States32
Overview 32
Industrial phosphoric acid 34
Producing companies 34
Salient statistics 35
Consumption 36
Food and beverage 39
Metal and plastic finishing 39
Detergent builders 41
Specialty agricultural products 41
Water treatment 41
Other 41
Price 43
Trade 44
Imports 44
Exports 44
Sodium phosphates 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 47
Consumption 47
Food and beverage 49
Detergent builders 54
Water treatment 58
Metal and plastic finishing 59
Dentifrices 59
Other 60
Price 61
Trade 62
Imports 62
Exports 62
Calcium phosphates 63
Producing companies 63
Salient statistics 64
Consumption 65
Food and beverage 66
Dentifrices 69
Other 70
Price 71
Trade 72
Potassium phosphates 73
Producing companies 73
Salient statistics 74
Consumption 74
Specialty agricultural products 76
Water treatment 76
Detergent builders 77
Food and beverage 78
Dentifrices 80
Other 80
Price 82
Trade 82
Ammonium and aluminum phosphates 83
Producing companies 83
Consumption 83
Ammonium phosphates 83
Aluminum phosphates 85
Price 85
Trade 85
Canada 86
Producing companies 86
Consumption 86
Price 88
Trade 90
Imports 90
Exports 92
Mexico 95
Producing companies 95
Salient statistics 96
Consumption 97
Price 97
Trade 98
Brazil 98
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 99
Consumption 99
Price 100
Trade 100
Western Europe 100
Overview 100
Industrial phosphoric acid 101
Producing companies 101
Consumption 102
Trade 105
Imports 105
Exports 105
Sodium phosphates 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 106
Consumption 107
Sodium tripolyphosphate 107
Other 108
Trade 110
STPP 110
MSP/DSP 111
TSP 112
Other phosphates 113
Polyphosphates 113
Calcium phosphates 114
Producing companies 114
Consumption 115
Trade 115
Potassium phosphates 116
Producing companies 116
Salient statistics 116
Consumption 117
Trade 117
Ammonium phosphates 117
Aluminum phosphates 118
Producing companies 118
Consumption 119
Price 119
Central Europe 119
Overview 119
Industrial phosphoric acid 119
Producing companies 119
Consumption 120
Sodium phosphates 121
Producing companies 121
Salient statistics 122
Consumption 123
Trade 124
STPP 125
MSP/DSP 125
Other phosphates 126
Polyphosphates 126
Potassium phosphates 127
Producing companies 127
Salient statistics 128
Consumption 128
Trade 128
Commonwealth of Independent States 129
Overview 129
Sodium phosphates 130
Producing companies 130
Salient statistics 130
Trade 131
Potassium phosphates 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 132
Trade 133
Middle East 133
Producing companies 133
Salient statistics 134
Trade 135
Africa 136
Producing companies 136
Salient statistics 137
Trade 138
Indian Subcontinent 138
Overview 138
Producing companies 139
Salient statistics 140
Consumption 140
Detergents 141
Pesticides and agrochemicals (nonfertilizers) 142
Other 142
Price 142
Trade 142
Mainland China 143
Overview 143
Phosphoric acid 144
Producing companies 144
Salient statistics 146
Consumption 147
Price 150
Trade 150
Sodium phosphates 152
Producing companies 152
Salient statistics 157
Consumption 158
Price 160
Trade 161
Calcium phosphates 163
Producing companies 163
Salient statistics 163
Consumption 163
Price 164
Trade 165
Potassium phosphates166
Producing companies166
Salient statistics166
Consumption 167
Price 168
Trade 168
Ammonium phosphates 168
Producing companies 168
Salient statistics 169
Consumption 169
Price 170
Trade 170
Japan 171
Overview 171
Producing companies 171
Industrial phosphoric acid 173
Salient statistics 173
Consumption 173
Sodium phosphates 174
Salient statistics 174
Consumption 175
Calcium phosphates 177
Salient statistics 177
Consumption 177
Potassium phosphates 178
Salient statistics 178
Consumption 179
Ammonium phosphates 179
Salient statistics 179
Consumption 180
Price 180
Northeast Asia 181
Producing companies 181
Salient statistics 181
Trade 182
Southeast Asia 183
Producing companies 183
Salient statistics 184
Trade 185
Additional resources 187
Revisions 189
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