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Hypochlorite Bleaches

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
Summary 9
Sodium hypochlorite 9
Household solutions 10
Industrial solutions 11
Water treatment 11
Swimming pool sanitation 12
Other 13
Calcium hypochlorite 13
Lithium hypochlorite 15
Potassium hypochlorite 15
Sodium hypochlorite 16
Introduction 16
Manufacturing processes 18
Environmental issues 20
Supply and demand by region 21
United States 21
Producing companies 21
Salient statistics 25
Consumption 26
Household solutions 27
Industrial solutions 29
Price 37
Trade 39
Canada 39
Producing companies 39
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 41
Mexico 42
Producing companies 42
Salient statistics 42
Consumption 43
Central and South America 44
Producing companies 44
Salient statistics 46
Consumption 48
Household solutions 48
Industrial solutions 49
Price 50
Trade 50
Western Europe 50
Producing companies 50
Salient statistics 53
Production 53
Consumption 53
Household solutions 54
Industrial solutions 55
Price 56
Trade 56
Central and Eastern Europe 56
Producing companies 57
Salient statistics 59
Consumption 59
Household solutions 60
Industrial solutions 60
Trade 61
Middle East and Africa 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 66
Consumption 67
Household solutions 68
Industrial solutions 68
Trade 68
Japan 69
Producing companies 69
Salient statistics 71
Consumption 72
Detergent industry 73
Municipal water treatment 74
Industrial water treatment 75
Pulp and paper 75
Other 75
Price 76
Trade 76
China 77
Producing companies 77
Salient statistics 78
Consumption 79
Household detergents 81
Chemical production 81
Water treatment 82
Pulp and paper 82
Other 82
Price 82
Trade 82
Other Asia 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Household applications 87
Industrial solutions 87
Price 88
Trade 89
Calcium hypochlorite 90
Introduction 90
Manufacturing processes 90
Environmental issues 91
Supply and demand by region 91
United States 91
Producing companies 91
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Swimming pool sanitation 93
Industrial uses 94
Price 95
Trade 96
Imports 96
Exports 97
Canada 98
Salient statistics 98
Consumption 99
Price 99
Trade 100
Mexico 100
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Price 101
Trade 102
Central and South America 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 103
Consumption 105
Price 105
Trade 106
Western Europe 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 107
Consumption 107
Price 108
Trade 108
Imports 108
Exports 110
Central and Eastern Europe 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 112
Consumption 113
Price 113
Trade 114
Middle East and Africa 115
Producing companies 115
Salient statistics 116
Consumption 117
Price 117
Trade 117
Japan 120
Producing companies 120
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
Price 123
Trade 123
China 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 125
Price 126
Trade 127
Other Asia 128
Producing companies 128
Salient statistics 130
Consumption 130
Price 131
Trade 131
Lithium hypochlorite 134
Introduction 134
Manufacturing processes 134
Supply and demand by region 134
United States 134
Producing companies 134
Production 134
Consumption 135
Swimming pool sanitation 135
Industrial uses 135
Western Europe 135
Japan 136
China 136
Producing companies 136
Other hypochlorites 137
Additional resources 138
Revisions 139
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