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Hydrogen Market Research

Hydrogen Market Outlook, Supply & Demand, Forecast and Analysis

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
North America 14
Central and South America 15
Western Europe 15
Central Europe 15
CIS and Baltic States 15
Middle East 15
Africa 16
Indian Subcontinent 16
Northeast Asia 16
Mainland China 16
Japan and Other Northeast Asia 16
Southeast Asia and Oceania 17
Market dynamics 17
Introduction 19
Definition of hydrogen types 19
Abbreviations 20
Properties, grades, and form of supply 22
Manufacturing processes 24
Production processes 24
Steam reforming of hydrocarbons 24
Dissociation of hydrocarbons 29
Electrolysis 31
Other 35
By-product generation 35
Environmental issues 38
Hydrogen use as energy carrier 38
Legislation and regulation 39
United States 39
European Union—Western Europe 39
Northeast Asia 41
Mainland China 41
Japan 41
South Korea 41
Southeast Asia and Oceania 42
Australia 42
New Zealand 42
Supply and demand by region 43
United States 43
Producing companies 43
Merchant hydrogen producers 43
Liquid hydrogen producers 43
Gaseous hydrogen producers 46
Pipeline systems 59
Captive hydrogen producers 65
By-product hydrogen producers 73
Green hydrogen 76
Production 77
Consumption 77
Petroleum refining 82
Hydrogen production 85
Hydrogen consumption 86
Chemicals 87
Ammonia 89
Methanol 89
Oxo chemicals 89
Aniline/TDI 90
Other 90
Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) 93
Metals 93
Electronics 95
Edible fats and oils 96
Government 97
Public utilities 100
Cooling 100
Corrosion prevention 100
Float glass 104
Transportation 105
Other 106
Price 107
Trade 108
Canada 110
Producing companies 110
Merchant hydrogen producers 110
Liquid hydrogen producers 110
Gaseous hydrogen producers 111
Pipeline systems 113
Captive hydrogen producers 115
By-product hydrogen producers 118
Consumption 120
Trade 122
Mexico 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 126
Consumption 127
Trade 127
Central and South America 128
Producing companies 128
Consumption 132
Western Europe 132
Producing companies 134
Merchant hydrogen producers 134
Liquid hydrogen producers 134
Gaseous hydrogen producers 135
Pipeline systems 144
Captive hydrogen producers 149
By-product hydrogen producers 158
Capacity 166
Salient statistics 168
Production 170
Consumption 172
Gaseous hydrogen 175
Petroleum refining 175
Ammonia 177
Methanol 177
Transportation/green hydrogen projects 177
Oxo chemicals 181
Aniline 181
Metals production 182
Hydrogen peroxide 182
Caprolactam 182
Cyclohexane 183
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) 183
Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) 183
Fats and oils 183
Hydrochloric acid 183
Fatty alcohols 183
Electronics 183
1,4-Butanediol (BDO) 1841,4,184
Adipic acid 184
Float glass 184
Liquid hydrogen 184
Space industry 185
Fuel 185
Semiconductors and thin-film solar 185
Price 185
Trade 186
Central Europe 188
Producing companies 188
Merchant gaseous hydrogen producers 188
Captive hydrogen producers 189
By-product hydrogen producers 191
Capacity 192
Salient statistics 194
Production 196
Consumption 197
Ammonia 199
Petroleum refining 199
Methanol 199
Trade 199
CIS and Baltic States 201
Producing companies 201
Merchant gaseous hydrogen producers 201
Captive hydrogen producers 202
By-product hydrogen producers 205
Capacity 207
Production 208
Consumption 209
Ammonia 211
Petroleum refining 211
Methanol 211
Gas-to-liquids and coal-to-liquids (GTL and CTL) 211
Middle East 211
Producing companies 211
Merchant gaseous hydrogen producers 211
Captive hydrogen producers 213
By-product hydrogen producers 215
Capacity 219
Production 221
Consumption 222
Ammonia 224
Gas-to-liquids and coal-to-liquids (GTL and CTL) 224
Methanol 224
Petroleum refining 224
Africa 224
Producing companies 224
Merchant gaseous hydrogen producers 224
Captive hydrogen producers 225
By-product hydrogen producers 227
Capacity 228
Production 229
Consumption 230
Ammonia 232
Gas-to-liquids and coal-to-liquids (GTL and CTL) 232
Methanol 232
Petroleum refining 232
Indian Subcontinent 232
Producing companies 232
Salient statistics 235
Bangladesh 235
India 235
Pakistan 236
Consumption 236
Trade 237
Mainland China 238
Producing companies 238
Production 249
Consumption 250
Chemicals 252
Ammonia 252
Methanol 252
Monoethylene glycol 252
Hydrochloric acid 252
Caprolactam 252
Aniline 253
Oxo chemicals 253
Hydrogen peroxide 253
Cyclohexane 253
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) 253
1,4-Butanediol 2531,4,253
Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) 253
Petroleum refining 254
Float glass 254
Metals 255
Fats and oils 255
Electronics 255
Other 256
Price 256
Trade 256
Japan 258
Producing companies 259
Captive hydrogen producers 259
Merchant hydrogen producers 261
Liquid hydrogen producers 261
Gaseous hydrogen producers 262
Hydrogen fuel cell filling stations 264
Production 264
Consumption 265
Electronics 266
Metals 267
Fats and oils 267
Glass 267
Price 268
Trade 268
Other Northeast Asia 269
Producing companies 269
Salient statistics 272
South Korea 272
Taiwan 272
Consumption 272
Trade 274
Southeast Asia and Oceania 274
Southeast Asia 274
Producing companies 274
Salient statistics 277
Consumption 278
Trade 279
Oceania 280
Producing companies 280
Salient statistics 280
Australia 280
New Zealand 281
Consumption 281
Trade 282
Additional resources 284
Revisions 287
Data Workbook 288
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