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Hydrocolloids

Chemical Economics Handbook

Contents

Executive summary 8
Summary 9
Americas 13
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 14
Asia and Oceania 16
Industry trends 17
Paper 17
Food 17
Oil and gas production 18
Introduction 19
Products and processes 21
Microbial fermentation products 21
Xanthan gum 21
Gellan gum 21
Curdlan 21
Pullulan 21
Plant-derived hydrocolloids 21
Tree and shrub exudates 21
Gum arabic 22
Gum karaya 22
Gum tragacanth 22
Gum ghatti 22
Seed extracts 23
Guar gum 23
Locust bean gum 23
Cassia gum 23
Fenugreek gum 23
Psyllium seed gum 24
Tamarind gum 24
Tara gum 24
Seaweed extracts 24
Agar 24
Alginates 25
Carrageenan 25
Furcellaran 25
Fruit extracts 26
Grain and root extracts 26
Starches 26
Konjac 27
Animal-derived hydrocolloids 27
Casein and caseinates 27
Gelatin 28
Environmental issues 29
Supply and demand by region 30
North America 30
United States 30
Producing companies 30
Native and modified starches 30
Gelatin 31
Other hydrocolloids 32
Salient statistics 36
Production 36
Consumption 36
Native and modified starches 38
Agar 39
Alginates 39
Carrageenan 39
Casein and caseinates 40
Gelatin 40
Guar gum and derivatives 40
Gum arabic 42
Gum karaya 42
Gum tragacanth 42
Locust bean gum 43
Pectin 43
Xanthan gum 43
Other 44
Price 44
Trade 46
Canada 50
Producing companies 50
Salient statistics 52
Consumption 52
Trade 53
Mexico 55
Producing companies 55
Salient statistics 56
Consumption 57
Trade 58
Central and South America 59
Producing companies 59
Native and modified starches 59
Gelatin 62
Other hydrocolloids 63
Salient statistics 65
Consumption 65
Trade 67
Western Europe 70
Producing companies 70
Native and modified starches 70
Other hydrocolloids 72
Salient statistics 76
Production 76
Native and modified starches 76
Agar 77
Alginates 77
Casein and caseinates 77
Gelatin 78
Guar gum 78
Pectin 79
Consumption 79
Native and modified starches 80
Food 81
Paper and board 81
Other 82
Other hydrocolloids 82
Agar 82
Alginates 83
Carrageenan 83
Casein and caseinates 84
Gelatin 84
Guar gum and derivatives 85
Gum arabic 86
Locust bean gum 87
Pectin 87
Xanthan gum 87
Price 89
Trade 89
Central and Eastern Europe 91
Producing companies 91
Salient statistics 92
Production 93
Consumption 94
Trade 95
Middle East and Africa 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 97
Production 98
Consumption 99
Trade 100
Japan 103
Producing companies 103
Salient statistics 104
Consumption 105
Native and modified starches 106
Other hydrocolloids 107
Agar 107
Alginates 107
Carrageenan 107
Casein and caseinates 107
Curdlan 108
Gelatin 108
Guar gum and guar derivatives 108
Gum arabic 108
Locust bean gum 108
Other seed gum 109
Pectin 109
Pullulan 109
Xanthan gum 109
Other 110
Price 110
Trade 110
China 112
Producing companies 112
Salient statistics 117
Native and modified starches 117
Other hydrocolloids 118
Agar, alginates, and carrageenan 118
Casein and caseinates 119
Gelatin 119
Guar gum and derivatives 119
Pectin 119
Xanthan gum 119
Other 120
Consumption 120
Price 121
Trade 122
India 124
Producing companies 124
Salient statistics 128
Native and modified starches 129
Guar gum 130
Psyllium seed gum 131
Tamarind seed gum –131
Consumption 131
Price 132
Trade 134
Other Asia and Oceania 140
Overview 140
Salient statistics 140
Consumption 141
Other Asia 142
Producing companies 142
Indonesia 150
Philippines 151
South Korea 151
Thailand 152
Price 152
Starches 152
Carrageenan 153
Trade 154
Native and modified starches 154
Other hydrocolloids 158
Oceania 165
Producing companies 165
Price 166
Trade 167
Additional resources 170
Revisions 172
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