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Sweeteners, High-Intensity

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 12
Consumption for sweetening uses 13
Supply/demand for major high-intensity sweeteners17
Cyclamate 18
Saccharin 19
Aspartame 21
Acesulfame K 22
Sucralose 24
Stevia extract 25
Outlook 27
Introduction 30
Acesulfame K 30
Advantame 30
Aspartame 31
Cyclamate 31
Glycyrrhizin 32
Monk fruit extract 32
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone 33
Neotame 33
Saccharin 34
Stevia extract 34
Sucralose 35
Thaumatin 36
Manufacturing processes 37
Acesulfame K 37
Aspartame 37
Cyclamate 38
Glycyrrhizin 39
Monk fruit extract 40
Saccharin 40
Toluene or R-F process 40
Phthalic anhydride process –42
Stevia extract 44
Sucralose 45
Regulatory status 46
United States 46 Acesulfame K 47 46,47
Advantame 47
Aspartame 48
Cyclamate 48
Monk fruit extract 48
Neotame 48
Saccharin 49
Stevia extract 49
Sucralose 49
Thaumatin 49
Canada 50
Mexico 50
Western Europe 51
Japan 53
China 54
Supply and demand by region 56
United States 56
Producing companies 56
Salient statistics 57
Production 57
Consumption 58
Aspartame 61
Beverages 62
Tabletop sweeteners 64
Food and other 65
Saccharin 66
Personal care products 68
Tabletop sweeteners 68
Industrial applications 69
Beverages 69
Food 69
Other 69
Acesulfame K 69
Beverages 71
Food, tabletop sweeteners, and other 71
Sucralose 72
Beverages 73
Food 73
Tabletop sweeteners 73
Other 74
Stevia extract 74
Beverages 74
Tabletop sweeteners 74
Food and other 75
Cyclamate 75
Other 76
Price 76
Trade 77
Acesulfame K 77
Aspartame 78
Cyclamate 79
Saccharin 80
Stevia extract 82
Sucralose 82
Other 83
Canada 84
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 84
Trade 86
Aspartame 86
Saccharin 87
Sucralose 88
Mexico 88
Producing companies 88
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 89
Trade 91
Acesulfame K 91
Aspartame 91
Saccharin 91
Stevia extract 92
Sucralose 92
Central and South America 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 95
Trade 97
Acesulfame K 97
Aspartame 98
Cyclamate 99
Saccharin 100
Stevia extract 101
Sucralose 102
Western Europe 102
Producing companies 103
Production 106
Acesulfame K 106
Aspartame 107
Cyclamate 107
Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone 108
Saccharin 108
Stevia extract 108
Sucralose 109
Thaumatin 110
Salient statistics 110
Consumption 111
Acesulfame K 114
Aspartame 115
Cyclamate 116
Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone 117
Saccharin 117
Steviol glycosides 118
Sucralose 119
Bevereges 120
Food and tabletop sweeteners 120
Thaumatin 121
Price 121
Trade 123
Acesulfame K 123
Aspartame 123
Cyclamate 124
Saccharin 125
Sucralose 127
Central and Eastern Europe 128
Salient statistics 128
Acesulfame K 129
Aspartame 129
Cyclamate 130
Saccharin 130
Consumption 131
Trade 133
Middle East 133
Producing companies 134
Salient statistics 134
Acesulfame K 135
Aspartame 135
Cyclamate 136
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone 136
Saccharin 137
Consumption 137
Trade 138
Africa 139
Salient statistics 140
Acesulfame K 140
Aspartame 141
Cyclamate 141
Saccharin 142
Consumption 143
Trade 144
Japan 145
Producing companies 145
Salient statistics 147
Consumption 149
Acesulfame K 150
Aspartame 151
Licorice extracts and glycyrrhizin 151
Saccharin 152
Stevia extract 153
Sucralose 154
Other 154
Price 154
Trade 155
Acesulfame K 155
Aspartame 155
Licorice extracts 156
Saccharin 158
China 159
Producing companies 159
Salient statistics 163
Consumption 164
Acesulfame K 165
Aspartame 166
Cyclamate 167
Glycyrrhizin 168
Saccharin 168
Stevia extract (stevioside, reb A) 169
Sucralose 170
Other 171
Monk fruit extract 171
Neotame 171
Neohesperidin 171
Price 171
Trade 172
Indonesia 175
Producing companies 175
Salient statistics 176
Consumption 177
Price 178
Trade 179
South Korea 179
Producing companies 179
Salient statistics 180
Consumption 181
Trade 182
Other Asia and Oceania 183
Producing companies 183
Salient statistics 185
Consumption 185
Price 187
Trade 188
Additional resources 190
Revisions 191
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