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Glycerin

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 14
Manufacturing processes 15
Glycerin from natural sources 15
– Production of soap: saponification 15
– Production of fatty acid: hydrolysis 15
– Biodiesel production: transesterification 15
Synthetic glycerin 16
Grades 18
Crude glycerin 18
Refined glycerin 18
Environmental issues 20
Supply and demand by region 21
United States 21
– Producing companies 21
– Refined glycerin 21
– Synthetic glycerin 23
– Salient statistics 24
– Consumption 26
– Propylene glycol 28
– Personal care products 28
– Food and beverages 29
– Polyether polyols 30
– Pet food 30
– Oral care products 31
– Recreational vehicle (RV) fluids 31
– Home care 32
– Pharmaceuticals 32
– Tobacco 32
– Engine coolants/antifreeze 32
– Alkyd resins 33
– Other 33
– Price 33
– Trade 35
– Imports 35
– Exports 36
Canada 37
– Producing companies 37
– Salient statistics 37
– Consumption 38
– Trade 38
Mexico 40
– Producing companies 40
– Salient statistics 40
– Consumption 41
– Trade 41
Brazil 42
– Producing companies 42
– Salient statistics 43
– Consumption 43
Other Central and South America 44
– Producing companies 44
– Salient statistics 44
– Consumption 45
Western Europe 45
– Producing companies 45
– Natural glycerin 45
– Synthetic glycerin 49
– Salient statistics 50
– Production 51
– Consumption 53
– Traditional applications 53
– New applications 54
– Epichlorohydrin 54
– Propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol) 55
– Syngas 56
– Fermentation to 1,3-propanediol 56
– Price 56
– Trade 58
– Imports 58
– Exports 58
Central and Eastern Europe 59
– Producing companies 59
– Salient statistics 61
– Production 61
– Consumption 62
– Trade 62
– Imports 62
– Exports 63
Middle East 64
– Producing companies 64
– Salient statistics 66
– Production 67
– Consumption 67
– Trade 67
– Imports 67
– Exports 68
Africa 69
– Producing companies 69
– Salient statistics 70
– Production 71
– Consumption 71
– Trade 71
– Imports 71
– Exports 72
Asia 73
– China 74
– Producing companies 74
– Salient statistics 77
– Consumption 77
– Epichlorohydrin 78
– Alkyd resins 79
– Toothpaste 79
– Pharmaceuticals 79
– Personal care products 79
– Food and beverages 79
– Polyether polyols 79
– Tobacco 80
– Other 80
– Price 80
– Trade 81
– Imports 81
– Exports 82
– India 82
– Producing companies 82
– Salient statistics 83
– Consumption 84
– Trade 84
– Indonesia 85
– Producing companies 85
– Salient statistics 87
– Production 88
– Consumption 88
– Oral care products 88
– Personal care products 88
– Alkyd resins 88
– Polyether polyols 89
– Trade 89
– Japan 90
– Producing companies 90
– Salient statistics 92
– Consumption 93
– Pharmaceuticals/personal and oral care products 94
– Food and beverages 95
– Alkyd resins 95
– Polyether polyols 95
– Tobacco 96
– Cellophane 96
– Other 96
– Price 96
– Trade 97
– Malaysia 98
– Producing companies 98
– Salient statistics 100
– Consumption 100
– Trade 100
– Philippines 102
– Producing companies 102
– Consumption 102
– Trade 102
– South Korea 103
– Producing companies 103
– Salient statistics 104
– Consumption 104
– Trade 104
– Taiwan 106
– Producing companies 106
– Consumption 106
– Trade 106
– Thailand 107
– Producing companies 107
– Consumption 108
– Trade 108
– Other Asia 110
– Pakistan 110
– Singapore 110
– Vietnam 110
– Miscellaneous 110
Oceania 111
– Producing companies 111
– Consumption 111
– Trade 111
Additional resources 113
Revisions 114
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