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Gasoline Octane Improvers/Oxygenates

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary 8
Summary 10
Ethanol 12
Production 13
Consumption 14
Price 17
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 18
Capacity 19
Salient statistics 21
Consumption 21
Price 23
Methanol 23
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) 26
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) 28
Other oxygenates 29
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA) 29
Miscellaneous 29
Introduction 31
Manufacturing processes 34
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 34
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA) 36
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) 36
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) 37
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes 38
Environmental issues 40
United States 40
Europe 40
Middle East and Africa 45
Asia 45
Supply and demand by region 47
United States 47
Motor gasoline production and oxygenate demand 47
Ethanol 48
Producing companies 48
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 56
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 61
Producing companies 61
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Price 65
Trade 66
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) 66
Methanol 67
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) 68
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA) 68
Diisopropyl ether (isopropyl ether, DIPE) 69
Other ethers 69
Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) 69
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes 70
Canada 70
Oxygenate demand 70
Ethanol 71
Producing companies 72
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 73
MTBE 74
Methanol and ETBE 74
Mexico 74
Oxygenate demand 74
Ethanol 75
MTBE 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 77
ETBE 77
TAME 78
Central and South America 78
Oxygenate demand 78
Ethanol 79
Producing companies 79
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 85
Price 88
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 89
Producing companies 89
Salient statistics 89
Consumption 90
ETBE 91
Western Europe 92
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics 92
Oxygenate demand 94
Ethanol 94
Producing companies 95
Consumption 98
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 99
Producing companies 99
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Price 102
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) 103
Producing companies 103
Salient statistics 104
Consumption 105
Price 106
Trade 106
tertiary-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) 106
tertiary-Butyl alcohol (TBA) 108
Producing companies 108
Consumption 108
Methanol 109
Producing companies 109
Consumption 110
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes 111
Central Europe 111
Oxygenate demand 111
Ethanol 112
Producing companies 112
Production 113
Consumption 114
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 115
Producing companies 115
Salient statistics 115
Consumption 116
ETBE 117
Methanol 118
CIS and Baltic States 118
Oxygenate demand 118
Ethanol 119
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 120
Producing companies 120
Salient statistics 121
Consumption 122
ETBE 123
TAME 124
Methanol 124
Other fuel oxygenates 124
Middle East 125
Oxygenate demand 125
Ethanol 125
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 127
Producing companies 127
Salient statistics 127
Consumption 128
ETBE 130
TAME 130
Methanol 130
Africa 130
Oxygenate demand 130
Ethanol 131
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 133
Producing companies 133
Salient statistics 133
ETBE 135
TAME 135
Methanol 135
Other ethers 135
Indian Subcontinent 135
Oxygenate demand 136
Ethanol 136
MTBE 142
ETBE and TAME 144
Methanol 144
Northeast Asia 144
Overview 144
Oxygenate demand 144
Ethanol 145
Producing companies 145
Production 147
Consumption 147
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 149
Capacity 149
Salient statistics 149
Production 150
Consumption 151
ETBE 152
TAME 152
Methanol 152
China 153
Ethanol 153
Production 153
Consumption 154
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 155
Producing companies 155
Salient statistics 158
ETBE 159
TAME 159
TBA 159
Methanol 160
Japan 161
Motor gasoline demand and characteristics 161
Ethanol 162
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) 163
ETBE 164
Lead alkyl antiknock mixes 165
South Korea 166
Ethanol 166
MTBE 166
ETBE and TAME 167
Methanol 167
Taiwan 167
Ethanol 167
MTBE 167
ETBE and TAME 168
Methanol 168
Southeast Asia 168
Oxygenate demand 168
Ethanol 170
Producing companies 170
Salient statistics 171
Production 172
Consumption 173
MTBE 174
Producing companies 174
Salient statistics 175
Consumption 175
ETBE 176
TAME 176
Methanol 176
Additional resources 178
Revisions 179
Filter Sort