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Fluorspar and Inorganic Fluorine Compounds

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
Summary 10
Fluorspar 10
Reserves and resources 11
Production 13
Consumption –15
Hydrofluoric acid 16
Aluminum fluoride 19
Fluosilicic acid 21
Introduction 23
Manufacturing processes 24
Fluorspar 24
Fluosilicic acid/silicofluoride salts 24
Hydrogen fluoride/hydrofluoric acid 25
Environmental issues 26
United States 26
European Union 28
Japan 28
Hydrofluoric acid recycling, disposal, and recovery of by-products 29
Supply and demand by region 30
Fluorspar 30
United States 30
Producing companies 30
Salient statistics 30
Consumption 31
Hydrofluoric acid 32
Steel 32
Aluminum fluoride 33
Glass 33
Iron and steel castings 34
Other 34
Price 35
Trade 37
Imports 37
Exports 39
Canada 39
Producing companies 39
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 40
Trade 41
Mexico 42
Producing companies 42
Salient statistics 43
Production 45
Consumption 46
Trade 47
South America 48
Producing companies 48
Salient statistics 48
Production 49
Consumption 49
Trade 50
Western Europe 51
Producing companies 51
Salient statistics 53
Consumption 56
Price 57
Trade 59
Imports 59
Exports 60
Central and Eastern Europe 61
Producing companies 61
Salient statistics 62
Production 62
Consumption 63
Trade 64
Middle East 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 66
Production 66
Consumption 66
Trade 67
Africa 68
Producing companies 68
Salient statistics 69
Production 69
Consumption 71
Trade 72
Japan 73
Producing companies 73
Consumption 73
Price 74
Trade 74
China 76
Producing companies 78
Salient statistics 83
Consumption 85
Price 87
Trade 88
Imports 88
Exports 89
Mongolia 91
Producing companies 91
Production 92
Consumption 93
Trade 93
India 95
Producing companies 95
Salient statistics 95
Consumption 96
Trade 96
Other Asia and Oceania 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 97
Consumption 98
Trade 99
Other fluorine minerals 99
Hydrofluoric acid 100
United States 100
Producing companies 100
Salient statistics 100
Consumption 101
Fluorocarbon production 102
Uranium fuel production 104
Petroleum alkylation catalysis 104
Metal treatment 105
Other 105
Price 106
Trade 106
Canada 107
Producing companies 107
Salient statistics 108
Consumption 108
Trade 108
Mexico 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 109
Consumption 110
Trade 111
South America 111
Producing companies 111
Salient statistics 111
Consumption 112
Trade 113
Western Europe 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 115
Consumption 116
Fluorocarbons 118
Fluoroaromatics 120
Aluminum fluoride/sodium aluminum fluoride 120
Fluorine 120
Uranium tetrafluoride 120
Other 120
Price 123
Trade 123
Central and Eastern Europe 125
Producing companies 125
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 126
Middle East 127
Producing companies 127
Salient statistics 127
Consumption 128
Africa 128
Producing companies 128
Salient statistics 129
Consumption 130
Japan 130
Producing companies 130
Salient statistics 131
Consumption 132
Fluorocarbon production 133
Fluoboric acid and fluoborates 133
Nitrogen trifluoride 134
Lithium hexafluorophosphate 135
China 135
Producing companies 135
Salient statistics 138
Consumption 139
Price 141
Trade 142
India 143
Producing companies 143
Salient statistics 144
Consumption 144
Other Asia and Oceania 145
Producing companies 145
Production, consumption, and trade 146
Aluminum fluoride/cryolite 150
United States 151
Canada 153
Mexico 155
South America 157
Western Europe 159
Central and Eastern Europe 163
Middle East 166
Africa 168
Japan 170
China 171
Producing companies 171
Salient statistics 171
Consumption 172
Price 173
Trade 174
Other Asia and Oceania 175
Fluosilicic acid 177
United States 177
Brazil 178
Western Europe 179
Central and Eastern Europe 181
Middle East 181
Japan 182
China 183
Other Asia and Oceania 184
Additional resources 185
Revisions 186
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