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Explosives and Blasting Agents

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
Introduction 14
Ammonium nitrate–fuel oil (ANFO) explosives 15
Slurries and water gels 16
Explosive emulsions 16
ANFO versus emulsion explosives 16
Low explosives 17
High explosives 18
Alternative technologies 18
Industrial explosives 19
Military explosives 20
Environmental and security issues 21
Study methodology 22
Coal mining 22
Metal mining 22
Nonmetal mining and quarrying 22
Supply and demand by region 24
North America 24
United States 24
Producing companies 24
Accurate Energetic Systems, LLC 25
Apache Nitrogen Products, Inc. 25
Austin Powder Company 25
Bae Systems Ordnance Systems 26
CF Industries (formerly Terra Industries) 26
Dyno Nobel Inc. 26
El Dorado Chemical Company 27
Goex, Inc. 27
Mining Services International (MSI)—Maxam International 27
Nelson Brothers LLC 27
Orica USA Inc. 28
PCS Nitrogen, Inc. 28
Consumption 28
Industrial explosives 28
Coal mining 37
Metal mining 38
Quarrying materials and nonmetal mining (industrial minerals) 40
Construction 41
Other industrial uses 43
Marketing and distribution channels 44
Customer purchase of ingredients 44
Customer purchase of formulated/mixed products 44
Customer purchase of formulated/mixed products and complete blasting services 44
Price 45
Explosive-grade AN 45
ANFO and emulsions 46
Trade 46
Canada 48
Producing companies 48
Consumption 48
Coal mining 51
Metal mining 51
Quarrying materials 51
Industrial minerals (nonmetal mining) 51
Price 51
Trade 52
Mexico 53
Producing companies 53
Consumption 53
Metal mining 56
Quarrying materials 56
Coal mining 56
Industrial minerals (nonmetal mining) 56
Price 56
Trade 56
Central and South America 58
Producing companies 58
Consumption 60
Argentina 65
Brazil 67
Chile 69
Colombia 71
Peru 73
Venezuela 75
Other 77
Price 79
Trade 79
Europe 80
Producing companies 81
Consumption 86
Albania 91
Austria 93
Belgium 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro 97
Bulgaria 99
Czech Republic 101
Denmark 103
Finland 105
France 107
Coal mining 109
Metal mining 109
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 109
Germany 109
Coal mining 111
Metal mining 111
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 111
Greece 111
Hungary 113
Iceland 115
Ireland 115
Italy 117
Metal mining 119
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 119
Malta 119
Norway 119
Poland 121
Portugal 123
Romania 125
Slovakia 127
Slovenia 129
Spain 131
Coal mining 133
Metal mining 133
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 133
Sweden 133
Metal mining 135
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 135
Switzerland 135
United Kingdom 137
Coal mining 139
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 139
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 139
Producing companies 139
Consumption 141
Middle East 143
Producing companies 143
Consumption 144
Iran 146
Coal mining 146
Metal mining 147
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 147
Israel 147
Turkey 147
Metal mining 147
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 147
Other Middle East 148
Africa 148
Producing companies 148
Consumption 150
Algeria 152
Metal mining 154
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 154
Democratic Republic of the Congo 154
Coal mining 156
Metal mining 156
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 156
Egypt 156
Metal mining 158
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 158
Morocco 158
Coal mining 160
Metal mining 160
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 160
Namibia 160
Metal mining 162
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 162
South Africa 162
Coal mining 164
Metal mining 164
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 164
Zambia 164
Metal mining 166
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 166
Zimbabwe 166
Coal mining 168
Metal mining 168
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 168
Other Africa 168
Coal mining 170
Metal mining 170
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 170
Southwest Asia 173
India 175
Producing companies 175
Consumption 177
Coal mining 179
Metal mining 179
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 179
Trade 179
Pakistan 180
Producing companies 180
Consumption 180
Other Southwest Asia 182
China 184
Producing companies 184
Salient statistics 187
Production 188
Consumption 189
Coal mining 192
Metal mining 192
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 192
Price 192
Japan 193
Producing companies 193
Salient statistics 193
Production 194
Consumption 195
Coal mining 198
Metal mining 198
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 198
Construction 198
Price 198
Trade 199
Southeast Asia 199
Producing companies 199
Consumption 201
Indonesia 201
Malaysia 203
Myanmar 205
North Korea 207
Philippines 209
South Korea 211
Thailand 213
Other Southeast Asia 215
Oceania 217
Producing companies 217
Consumption 218
Australia 219
Coal mining 221
Metal mining 221
Quarrying and nonmetal mining 221
New Zealand 221
Other Oceania 223
Additional resources 225
Revisions 226
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