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Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate (EVA)

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Salient statistics8
Capacity9
Production10
Consumption12
Price15
Trade17
Introduction20
Homopolymers20
Copolymers20
Manufacturing processes24
High-pressure autoclave25
High-pressure autoclave25
ExxonMobil25
Versalis25
High-pressure tubular 25
LyondellBasell—Lupotech T25
ExxonMobil25
SABTEC25
Versalis25
EVA copolymer products26
Autoclave versus tubular reactor products26
Initiator preparation27
Monomer feed preparation27
Copolymerization—autoclave process27
Copolymerization—tubular process27
Modifying a high-pressure LDPE process for EVA production29
Properties29
Density29
Vinyl acetate (VA) content29
Melt Index (MI)29
Molecular weight (MW), molecular weight distribution (MWD), and chain-branching29
Other physical properties30
Chemical and electrical properties30
Commercial EVA products32
Film grades32
Injection molding grades32
Extrusion, coextrusion, coating, lamination, adhesive, and hot-melt grades32
Polymer blending and grafting grades32
End usess33
Film applications33
Packaging films33
Extrusion, co-extrusion, coating, and lamination34
Packaging hot-melts 34
Cartons and folding boxes34
Deep freeze packages34
Bottle labeling34
Yogurt labeling34
Thermo-adhesive films35
Nonpackaging film 35
Photovoltaic cell and protective solar film applications35
Medical and pharmaceutical applications35
Foam sheet36
Injection molding36
Wire and cable36
Blow molding37
Pipe37
Other applications37
Adhesives37
Oil/gas oil/fuel oil/bitumen additives and asphalt modifiers38
Applications with high growth potential39
Environmental issues 41
Supply and demand by region43
World43
Producers43
Salient statistics44
Production45
Consumption46
Trade49
North America50
Producing companies50
Salient statistics52
Production52
Consumption53
Trade54
South America54
Producing companies54
Salient statistics55
Production55
Consumption56
Trade57
Western Europe58
Producing companies58
Salient statistics58
Production59
Consumption60
Trade61
Central Europe62
Producing companies62
Salient statistics62
Production63
Consumption63
Trade64
CIS and Baltic States64
Producing companies64
Salient statistics65
Production66
Consumption66
Trade67
Middle East68
Producing companies68
Salient statistics68
Production69
Consumption69
Trade71
Africa71
Producing companies71
Salient statistics71
Production72
Consumption72
Trade73
Indian Subcontinent 73
Producing companies73
Salient statistics74
Production74
Consumption74
Trade76
Northeast Asia 76
Overview76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Production77
Consumption78
Trade79
China80
Salient statistics81
Production82
Consumption82
Trade84
Japan84
Producing companies84
Salient statistics85
Production86
Consumption86
Trade88
South Korea88
Producing companies88
Salient statistics88
Production89
Consumption89
Trade91
Taiwan91
Producing companies91
Salient statistics91
Production92
Consumption92
Trade94
Southeast Asia 94
Producing companies94
Salient statistics95
Production96
Consumption96
Trade97
Additional resources 99
Revisions100
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