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Ethylene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
List of abbreviations 9
Summary 10
Industry characteristics 13
Sources 15
Hydrocarbon steam cracking 15
Ethylene from coal 17
Ethylene from natural gas 17
Ethanol dehydration 18
Refinery gases 18
Plant economics 19
Cost of feed flexibility 19
Construction costs 19
World feedstock considerations 20
Environmental issues 23
Transportation and storage 24
Supply and demand by region 25
World 25
Capacity 25
Producing companies 27
Salient statistics 28
Consumption 29
Polyethylene 33
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) 34
Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) 35
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 36
Ethylene oxide 36
Ethylene dichloride 37
Ethylbenzene/styrene 38
alpha-Olefins 39
Vinyl acetate 40
Other applications 40
Ethanol 40
Acetaldehyde 41
Copolymer uses 42
Ethyl chloride 42
Ethylene-propylene elastomers 42
Propionaldehyde 43
Propylene 43
Miscellaneous 43
Price 44
Trade 45
North America 46
Capacity 46
Salient statistics 47
Consumption 49
Trade 50
United States 51
Producing companies 51
Salient statistics 56
Consumption 57
Polyethylene 59
Ethylene dichloride 60
Ethylene oxide 61
Linear alpha-olefins 62
Ethylbenzene/styrene 62
Other applications 63
Trade 64
Canada 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 67
Consumption 68
Trade 70
Mexico 71
Producing companies 71
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 73
Trade 75
South America 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 78
Consumption 79
Trade 81
Western Europe 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 86
Consumption 87
Trade 89
Central Europe 90
Producing companies 90
Salient statistics 92
Consumption 93
Trade 95
CIS and Baltic States 95
Producing companies 95
Salient statistics 98
Consumption 100
Trade 102
Middle East 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 106
Consumption 107
Trade 109
Africa 110
Producing companies 110
Salient statistics 112
Consumption 113
Trade 115
Indian Subcontinent 115
Producing companies 115
Salient statistics 117
Consumption 118
Trade 120
Northeast Asia 121
Capacity 121
Salient statistics 122
Consumption 124
Trade 125
China mainland 126
Producing companies 126
Salient statistics 131
Consumption 133
Polyethylene 134
Ethylene oxide 135
Ethylbenzene 135
Ethylene dichloride 136
Vinyl acetate 136
Trade 136
Japan 137
Producing companies 137
Salient statistics 138
Consumption 139
Trade 141
South Korea 142
Producing companies 142
Salient statistics 144
Consumption 146
Trade 147
Taiwan 148
Producing companies 148
Salient statistics 149
Consumption 150
Trade 152
Southeast Asia 153
Producing companies 153
Salient statistics 156
Consumption 157
Trade 159
Additional resources 160
Revisions 162
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