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Ethylene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
List of abbreviations 9
Summary 10
Industry characteristics 14
Sources 16
Hydrocarbon steam cracking 16
Ethylene from coal 18
Ethylene from natural gas 18
Ethanol dehydration 19
Refinery gases 19
Plant economics 20
Cost of feed flexibility 20
Construction costs 20
World feedstock considerations 21
Environmental issues 24
Transportation and storage 25
Supply and demand by region 26
World 26
Capacity 26
Producing companies 28
Salient statistics 29
Consumption 31
Polyethylene 34
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) 35
Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) 36
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 37
Ethylene oxide 37
Ethylene dichloride 38
Ethylbenzene/styrene 39
alpha-Olefins 41
Vinyl acetate 41
Other applications 42
Ethanol 42
Acetaldehyde 43
Copolymer uses 43
Ethyl chloride 43
Ethylene-propylene elastomers 44
Propionaldehyde 44
Propylene 44
Miscellaneous 45
Price 46
Trade 46
North America 47
Overview 47
Capacity 47
Salient statistics 48
Consumption 50
Trade 51
United States 52
Producing companies 52
Salient statistics 57
Consumption 59
Polyethylene 60
Ethylene dichloride 62
Ethylene oxide 62
Linear alpha-olefins 63
Ethylbenzene/styrene 64
Other applications 64
Trade 66
Canada 66
Producing companies 66
Salient statistics 68
Consumption 69
Trade 72
Mexico 72
Producing companies 72
Salient statistics 73
Consumption 75
Trade 77
Central and South America 77
Producing companies 77
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 81
Trade 84
Western Europe 84
Producing companies 84
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 89
Trade 92
Central and Eastern Europe 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 95
Trade 97
CIS and Baltic States 98
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 101
Consumption 102
Trade 105
Middle East 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 109
Consumption 111
Trade 113
Africa 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 115
Consumption 116
Trade 118
Indian Subcontinent 119
Producing companies 119
Salient statistics 120
Consumption 121
Trade 124
Northeast Asia 124
Overview 124
Capacity 124
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 127
Trade 129
Mainland China 130
Producing companies 130
Salient statistics 135
Consumption 137
Polyethylene 138
Ethylene oxide 139
Ethylbenzene 139
Ethylene dichloride 140
Vinyl acetate 140
Trade 140
Japan 141
Producing companies 141
Salient statistics 143
Consumption 144
Trade 146
South Korea 147
Producing companies 147
Salient statistics 148
Consumption 150
Trade 152
Taiwan 152
Producing companies 152
Salient statistics 153
Consumption 155
Trade 156
Southeast Asia 157
Producing companies 157
Salient statistics 160
Consumption 161
Trade 163
Additional resources 165
Revisions 167
Data Workbook 168
Notice 169
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