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Ethylene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
List of abbreviations 9
Summary 10
Industry characteristics 14
Sources 16
Hydrocarbon steam cracking 16
Ethylene from coal 18
Ethylene from natural gas 18
Ethanol dehydration 19
Refinery gases 19
Plant economics 20
– Cost of feed flexibility 20
– Construction costs 20
World feedstock considerations 21
Environmental issues 24
Transportation and storage 25
Supply and demand by region 26
World 26
– Capacity 26
– Producing companies 28
– Salient statistics 29
– Consumption 30
– Polyethylene 33
– High-density polyethylene (HDPE) 34
– Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) 35
– Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 36
– Ethylene oxide 36
– Ethylene dichloride 37
– Ethylbenzene/styrene 38
– alpha-Olefins 40
– Vinyl acetate 40
– Other applications 41
– Ethanol 41
– Acetaldehyde 42
– Copolymer uses 42
– Ethyl chloride 42
– Ethylene-propylene elastomers 43
– Propionaldehyde 43
– Propylene 43
– Miscellaneous 44
– Price 45
– Trade 45
North America 46
– Overview 46
– Capacity 46
– Salient statistics 47
– Consumption 49
– Trade 50
– United States 51
– Producing companies 51
– Salient statistics 55
– Consumption 57
– Polyethylene 58
– Ethylene dichloride 60
– Ethylene oxide 60
– Linear alpha-olefins 61
– Ethylbenzene/styrene 62
– Other applications 62
– Trade 63
– Canada 64
– Producing companies 64
– Salient statistics 66
– Consumption 67
– Trade 69
– Mexico 70
– Producing companies 70
– Salient statistics 71
– Consumption 73
– Trade 75
Central and South America 75
– Producing companies 75
– Salient statistics 77
– Consumption 79
– Trade 82
Western Europe 82
– Producing companies 82
– Salient statistics 86
– Consumption 87
– Trade 90
Central and Eastern Europe 90
– Producing companies 90
– Salient statistics 92
– Consumption 93
– Trade 95
CIS and Baltic States 96
– Producing companies 96
– Salient statistics 99
– Consumption 100
– Trade 103
Middle East 103
– Producing companies 103
– Salient statistics 107
– Consumption 109
– Trade 111
Africa 111
– Producing companies 111
– Salient statistics 113
– Consumption 114
– Trade 115
Indian Subcontinent 116
– Producing companies 116
– Salient statistics 118
– Consumption 119
– Trade 122
Northeast Asia 122
– Overview 122
– Capacity 122
– Salient statistics 123
– Consumption 125
– Trade 127
– Mainland China 128
– Producing companies 128
– Salient statistics 133
– Consumption 135
– Polyethylene 136
– Ethylene oxide 137
– Ethylbenzene 138
– Ethylene dichloride 138
– Vinyl acetate 138
– Trade 138
– Japan 139
– Producing companies 139
– Salient statistics 141
– Consumption 142
– Trade 144
– Producing companies 145
– Salient statistics 146
– Consumption 147
– Trade 149
– Taiwan 150
– Producing companies 150
– Salient statistics 151
– Consumption 152
– Trade 154
Southeast Asia 155
– Producing companies 155
– Salient statistics 158
– Consumption 159
– Trade 161
Additional resources 163
Revisions 165
Data Workbook 166
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