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Ethylene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
List of abbreviations9
Summary10
Industry characteristics13
Sources15
Hydrocarbon steam cracking15
Ethylene from coal17
Ethylene from natural gas17
Ethanol dehydration18
Refinery gases18
Plant economics18
Cost of feed flexibility19
Construction costs19
World feedstock considerations20
Environmental issues22
Transportation and storage23
Supply and demand by region 24
World24
Capacity31
Producing companies24
Salient statistics 26
Consumption 28
Polyethylene 30
High-density polyethylene (HDPE)31
Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE)32
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)33
Ethylene oxide33
Ethylene dichloride34
Ethylbenzene/styrene35
Oligomers—olefins/alcohols36
Linear alpha-olefins37
Linear primary alcohols37
Vinyl acetate37
Other applications38
Ethanol38
Acetaldehyde39
Copolymer uses39
Ethyl chloride40
Ethylene-propylene elastomers40
Propionaldehyde40
Propylene41
Miscellaneous41
Price42
Trade 42
North America44
Capacity44
Salient statistics45
Consumption46
Trade47
United States48
Producing companies48
Salient statistics55
Consumption57
Polyethylene59
Ethylene dichloride61
Ethylene oxide62
Linear alpha-olefins63
Ethylbenzene/styrene63
Other applications65
Trade65
Canada66
Producing companies66
Salient statistics68
Consumption70
Trade73
Mexico73
Producing companies73
Salient statistics75
Consumption77
Trade79
South America79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics83
Consumption85
Trade88
Western Europe88
Producing companies88
Salient statistics94
Consumption96
Trade99
Central Europe100
Producing companies100
Salient statistics102
Consumption104
Trade106
CIS and Baltic States107
Producing companies107
Salient statistics112
Consumption113
Trade116
Middle East116
Producing companies116
Salient statistics 122
Consumption 123
Trade 126
Africa 126
Producing companies 126
Salient statistics 129
Consumption 131
Trade 133
Indian Subcontinent 134
Producing companies 134
Salient statistics 137
Consumption 139
Trade 142
Northeast Asia 142
Capacity 142
Salient statistics 143
Consumption 145
Trade 147
China 148
Producing companies 148
Salient statistics 153
Consumption 155
Polyethylene 156
Ethylene oxide 157
Ethylbenzene 158
Ethylene dichloride 158
Vinyl acetate 158
Trade 159
Japan 159
Producing companies 159
Salient statistics 163
Consumption 165
Trade 167
South Korea 168
Producing companies 168
Salient statistics 171
Consumption 173
Trade 175
Taiwan 176
Producing companies 176
Salient statistics 178
Consumption 180
Trade 182
Southeast Asia 183
Producing companies 183
Salient statistics 188
Consumption 189
Trade 191
Additional resources 193
Revisions 195
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