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Energy

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary8
Summary11
Consumption11
Primary energy consumption 11
Primary energy consumption by fuel 13
Primary energy consumption by region 15
World electricity production 15
Primary energy consumption 15
Electricity generation capacity 16
Electricity generation by fuel type 18
World energy consumption by sector20
Residential22
Commercial22
Agricultural23
Industrial24
Transportation25
Chemical feedstocks26
Capacity and power generation27
Gross power generating capacity27
Power generation28
Renewables28
Wind power29
Solar30
Total power generation30
Nonrenewable power generation31
Coal32
Natural gas32
Crude oil33
Nuclear power34
Hydroelectric power34
Renewable power generation35
Wind onshore 36
Wind offshore 37
Solar photovoltaic (PV) 37
Solar CSP 38
Geothermal 39
Biomass and other 39
World population, GDP, and climate change 40
Population 40
Real GDP 41
Carbon dioxide emissions 42
Emissions by source42
Emissions by region45
Relationship of population and GDP to climate change46
World prices46
Supply and demand by region 48
North America 48
Consumption48
Primary energy consumption by fuel 48
Renewable energy by technology48
Energy consumption by sector49
Generation50
Gross power generating capacity by country50
Electricity generation51
Power generation by country54
Renewable power additions55
United States55
Canada57
Population, GDP, and climate change57
Population57
GDP58
Carbon dioxide emissions58
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change59
South America60
Consumption60
Primary energy consumption60
Renewable energy by technology61
Energy consumption by sector62
Generation63
Gross power generating capacity63
Electricity generation by fuel and technology63
Power generation64
Renewable power additions65
Population, GDP, and climate change66
Population66
GDP66
Carbon dioxide emissions67
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change67
Western Europe68
Consumption68
Primary energy consumption68
Renewable energy by technology69
Energy consumption by sector 70
Generation71
Gross power generating capacity71
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology71
Power generation 72
Renewable power additions73
Population, GDP, and climate change73
Population73
GDP74
Carbon dioxide emissions74
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change75
Central Europe76
Consumption 76
Primary energy consumption76
Renewable energy by technology77
Energy consumption by sector78
Generation79
Gross power generating capacity79
Electricity generation79
Power generation79
Renewable power additions80
Population, GDP, and climate change80
Population80
Carbon dioxide emissions80
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change81
CIS and Baltic States81
Consumption81
Primary energy consumption81
Renewable energy by technology82
Energy consumption by sector83
Generation84
Gross power generating capacity84
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology84
Power generation85
Renewable power additions86
Population, GDP, and climate change86
Population86
GDP86
Carbon dioxide emissions86
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change87
Middle East88
Consumption88
Primary energy consumption88
Renewable energy by technology89
Energy consumption by sector90
Generation91
Power generating capacity91
Electricity generation 91
Power generation92
Renewable power additions93
Population, real GDP, and climate change93
Population93
GDP94
Carbon dioxide emissions94
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change 95
Africa96
Consumption96
Primary energy consumption by fuel96
Renewable energy by technology97
Energy consumption by sector98
Generation99
Gross power generating capacity99
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology99
Power generation100
Renewable power additions101
Population, real GDP, and climate change102
Population102
GDP102
Carbon dioxide emissions102
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change103
Indian Subcontinent103
Consumption104
Primary energy consumption104
Renewable energy by technology104
Energy consumption by sector105
Generation106
Gross power generating capacity106
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology106
Power generation107
Renewable power additions108
Population, real GDP, and climate change109
Population109
GDP110
Carbon dioxide emissions110
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change110
Northeast Asia110
Consumption111
Primary energy consumption111
Renewable energy by technology111
Energy consumption by sector112
Generation113
Gross power generating capacity113
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology113
Power generation114
Renewable power additions115
Population, real GDP, and climate change116
Population116
GDP116
Carbon dioxide emissions117
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change118
Southeast Asia118
Consumption119
Primary energy consumption119
Renewable energy by technology119
Energy consumption by sector120
Generation121
Gross power generating capacity121
Electricity generation by fuel type and technology122
Power generation122
Renewable power additions123
Population, real GDP, and climate change124
Population124
GDP124
Carbon dioxide emissions124
Relationship of population and real GDP to climate change 124
Additional resources126
Revisions127
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