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Electronic Chemicals: Display Materials

Specialty Chemicals Update Program

Table of Contents

Executive summary 7
Summary 8
Introduction 11
Abbreviations 13
Overview of the flat panel industry 16
Display generations 16
Technologies 16
Liquid-crystal displays (LCDs) 17
Backlight section 19
Engine section 20
Color filter section 21
Optical film section 22
Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) displays 23
Mini-LED 25
Micro-LED 26
Comparison of display technologies 27
Display manufacturers 27
LCD manufacturers 27
OLED panel manufacturers 32
Display production 35
LCD 35
OLED displays 36
Display markets 37
LCD markets 37
OLED display markets 38
PMOLED 39
AMOLED 40
Wearable displays 40
Small/medium-sized displays 40
TVs 41
Trends and opportunities 42
Display materials—product types and functions 44
Substrates 44
Glass substrate 44
Materials and properties 45
Manufacturing technology 45
Polymer substrates 47
Materials and properties 48
Manufacturing technology 49
Metal foil substrate 50
Optical and functional films 51
LCD optical and functional films 51
Base film 51
Backlight unit (BLU) film 52
Light guide plates (LGP) 52
Reflective film (RF) 53
Diffusion film (DF) 54
Brightness enhancement film (BEF) 55
Open-cell panel films 56
Linear polarizer (LPL) 57
Protective film 57
TAC film 58
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) film 58
TAC film (with optical compensation film) 58
Pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) 58
Release film (RF) 59
Color filter (CF) 59
Black matrix 59
Color filter pigments 60
Alignment film 60
OLED optical and functional films 61
Anisotropic conductive films (ACF) 62
Liquid crystals 62
Vinyl LC monomer 63
Biphenyl LC monomer 63
Cyclohexane LC monomer 63
Cyclohexylbenzene LC monomer 64
Electrode materials 64
LCD electrode materials 64
Transparent conductive films 64
Indium tin oxide (ITO) 64
Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) 64
Silver nanowires (AgNWs) 65
TFT electrode and conducting materials 65
Aluminum and its alloys 65
Copper and its alloys 65
Molybdenum and its alloys 65
OLED electrode materials 66
OLED light-emitting materials 67
OLED vacuum evaporation materials 68
OLED solution materials 69
Targets 70
Process chemicals 71
Photomasks 71
Photoresists 73
Gases 75
Wet-processing chemicals 78
Markets for display materials 82
Summary 82
Substrates 82
Consumption and markets 82
Consumption for LCDs 83
Consumption for OLED displays 83
Market participants 85
Glass substrates 85
Polymer substrates 85
Future trends 86
Optical and functional films 87
Summary 87
Light guide plate (LGP) 89
Consumption and markets 89
Market participants 89
Reflective, diffusion, and brightness enhancement films (RF, DF, BEF) 92
Consumption and markets 92
Market participants 92
Polarizers (PL) 93
Consumption and markets 93
Market participants 94
Color filter (CF) 98
Consumption and markets 98
Market participants 98
Alignment film (AF) 99
Consumption and markets 99
Market participants 99
Anisotropic conductive film (ACF) 100
Consumption and markets 100
Market participants 100
Future trends 101
Liquid crystals 102
Consumption and markets 102
Market participants 102
Future trends 104
Electrodes and light-emitting materials 104
Sputtering targets 104
Consumption and markets 104
Market participants 105
Light-emitting materials 106
Consumption and materials 106
Market participants 107
Future trends 110
Process chemicals 111
Photomasks 112
Consumption and markets 112
Market participants 113
Future trends 114
Photoresists 114
Consumption and markets 114
Market participants 115
Future trends 116
Gases 117
Consumption and markets 117
Market participants 118
Future trends 120
Wet-processing chemicals 120
Consumption and markets 120
Market participants 122
Future trends 124
Revisions 125
Data Workbook 126
Notice 127
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