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Dyes

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary9
Summary10
Introduction15
Description16
Acid dyes20
Premetallized acid dyes or metal-complex dyes22
Azoic dyes (naphthol dyes)22
Basic (cationic) dyes22
Direct dyes23
Disperse dyes23
Fluorescent brighteners24
Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes25
Leather dyes25
Mordant dyes (chrome dyes)26
Natural dyes27
Reactive or fiber-reactive dyes27
Solvent dyes29
Sulfur dyes29
Vat dyes30
Other dyes30
Chemical classes of dyes31
Anthraquinone dyes31
Azo dyes31
Metal-complex azo dyes32
Indigoid dyes32
Methine dyes32
Phthalocyanine dyes32
Triarylmethane dyes33
Other33
Manufacturing processes34
Anthraquinone dyes35
Azo dyes36
Indigo36
Triarylmethane dyes37
Environmental issues39
Manufactured products39
Manufacturing processes41
Application41
Regulations42
Supply and demand by region47
United States47
Producing companies48
Archroma49
BASF50
Classic Dyestuffs50
Dystar50
Greenville Colorants52
Huntsman52
Kemira53
Sensient53
Salient statistics53
Production53
Consumption54
Paper55
Textiles56
Inks59
Plastics59
Leather60
Food, drugs, and cosmetics60
Other62
Price63
Trade63
Acid dyes65
Basic dyes66
Direct dyes67
Disperse dyes68
Fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs or OBAs)69
Reactive dyes70
Solvent71
Sulfur black72
Vat dyes72
Canada73
Salient statistics73
Consumption74
Price74
Trade74
Imports74
Exports75
Mexico75
Producing companies75
Salient statistics76
Consumption76
Price77
Trade77
Imports77
Exports77
Central America78
Salient statistics78
Consumption78
Trade78
Acid/mordant dyes79
Basic dyes80
Direct dyes80
Disperse dyes80
Reactive dyes81
Vat dyes81
Fluorescent whitening agents82
Other organic dyes82
South America83
Producing companies83
Salient statistics85
Consumption85
Trade86
Acid/mordant dyes87
Basic dyes88
Direct dyes89
Disperse dyes90
Reactive dyes91
Vat dyes92
Fluorescent whitening agents93
Other organic dyes94
Western Europe95
Producing companies96
Corporate activities and events102
Associations and interest groups 105
Salient statistics 106
Production 107
Consumption 108
Textiles 111
Paper 113
Plastics 115
Ink 115
Detergents and soaps 116
Leather 116
Food, drugs, and cosmetics (FD&C) dyes 117
Other 117
New product introductions 118
Price 119
Trade 120
Imports 120
Exports 122
Central and Eastern Europe 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 126
Consumption 127
Bulgaria 128
Czechia128
Hungary 128
Poland 129
Romania 129
Russia 129
Slovakia 130
Turkey 130
Ukraine 131
Trade 131
Imports 131
Exports 132
Middle East 133
Producing companies 133
Salient statistics 134
Trade 135
Imports 135
Exports 136
Africa 137
Producing companies 137
Salient statistics 138
Trade 139
Imports 139
Exports 140
Asia 140
Mainland China 140
Producing companies 140
Salient statistics 145
Production 146
Consumption 147
Price 148
Trade 149
Imports 150
Exports 151
India 153
Producing companies 153
Production 156
Consumption 157
Price 157
Trade 158
Japan 160
Producing companies 160
Salient statistics 161
Consumption 163
Textiles 163
Paper 164
Inks 164
Leather 164
Other 164
Price 165
Trade 165
Imports 165
Exports 167
Indonesia 169
Producing companies 169
Salient statistics 170
Trade 170
Imports 170
Exports 171
South Korea 172
Producing companies 172
Salient statistics 173
Production 173
Price 174
Trade 175
Imports 175
Exports 175
Taiwan 176
Producing companies 176
Salient statistics 176
Production 177
Trade 177
Thailand 179
Producing companies 179
Salient statistics 179
Trade 180
Other Asia 181
Other Indian Subcontinent181
Southeast Asia and Oceania182
Additional resources 182
Revisions185
Data Workbook188
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