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Detergent Alcohols

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary9
Producers9
Capacity 12
Salient statistics 14
Production 14
Consumption 15
Consumption by derivative 17
Consumption by end use 20
Trade 22
Introduction 23
Regional breakdown 23
Definition 23
Business drivers 25
Manufacturing processes 28
Conversion of natural fats and oils 28
Reduction of methyl esters 28
Esterification of fatty acids30
Reduction of fatty acids 30
Saponification of esters 30
Synthesis from petroleum-derived raw materials 30
Oxo (hydroformylation) reaction 31
Linear primary alcohols from ethylene 33
Alfol® alcohol process 34
Controlled linear chain-growth process 34
Linear secondary alcohols by paraffin oxidation 35
Other routes 35
Conversion to major derivatives 35
Alcohol ethoxylates 35
Alcohol sulfates and alcohol ether sulfates 336
Polymethacrylate esters 36
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 36
Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates 36
Alkyl polyglucosides 36
Environmental issues and regulations 37
REACH 37
Detergents regulation 37
Supply and demand by region 38
North America 38
Producing companies 38
Salient statistics 40
Production 41
Consumption 41
Alcohol ethoxylates 44
Alcohol sulfates and ether sulfates 46
Laundry detergents 47
Dishwashing liquids 47
Other household cleaners 48
Industrial, institutional, and commercial uses 48
Personal care products 48
Free alcohols 48
C12-C18 fraction 48
C20+ fraction 49
Polymethacrylate esters 49
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 50
Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates 50
Alkyl polyglucosides 50
Other derivatives 51
Hindered phenols 51
Thiodipropionate esters 51
Ethoxylated and propoxylated alcohols 51
Alcohol phosphates and ether phosphates 51
Esters of fatty acids 51
Alcohol phosphites 52
Price 52
Trade 53
Imports 53
Exports 54
Central and South America 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 55
Trade 57
Imports 57
Exports 58
Western Europe 58
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 61
Production 62
Consumption 63
Alcohol ethoxylates and alcohol ether sulfates 65
Alcohol sulfates 65
Free and C20+ alcohols 66
Polymethacrylate esters 66
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 66
Alkyl polyglucosides 66
Other derivatives 67
Esters of fatty acids and succinates 67
Thiodipropionate esters 67
Price 67
Trade 68
Imports 68
Exports 69
Central Europe 69
Producing companies 70
Salient statistics 70
Consumption 70
Trade 72
Imports 72
Exports 72
Eastern Europe 72
Producing companies 73
Salient statistics 73
Consumption 74
Trade 75
Middle East 75
Producing companies 75
Salient statistics 76
Consumption 77
Trade 77
Imports 77
Exports 78
Africa 78
Producing companies 79
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 80
Trade 81
Imports 81
Exports 81
South Asia 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 83
Consumption 84
Trade 85
Imports 85
Exports 86
China 87
Producing companies 87
Salient statistics 89
Production 90
Consumption 91
Alcohol ether sulfates 92
Alcohol ethoxylates 93
Aliphatic tertiary amines 9393
Alcohol sulfates 93
Alkyl polyglucosides 94
Other derivatives 94
Price 94
Trade 95
Imports 95
Exports 96
Japan 97
Producing companies 97
Salient statistics 98
Production 99
Consumption 100
Alcohol ethoxylates 102
Alcohol ether sulfates 102
Alcohol sulfates 102
Free and C20+ alcohols 102
Fatty nitrogen derivatives 103
Other derivatives 103
Price 103
Trade 104
Other Northeast Asia 105
Producing companies 105
Salient statistics 105
Consumption 106
Trade 107
Southeast Asia 108
Producing companies 108
Salient statistics 111
Consumption 112
Price 114
Trade 114
Imports 114
Exports 115
Additional resources 117117
Revisions118
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