Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary6
Summary8
Reserves 9
Refining capacity10
Production 13
Crude petroleum 13
Refined petroleum products19
Consumption20
Crude petroleum20
Refined petroleum products21
Price24
Crude petroleum25
Refined petroleum products26
Trade26
Crude petroleum26
Petroleum products28
Crude Petroleum31
Characteristics31
Production31
Refining processes33
Distillation33
Hydrotreating/hydrodesulfurization34
Catalytic cracking34
Catalytic reforming35
Isomerization35
Hydrocracking36
Alkylation36
Thermal operations36
Coking36
Delayed coking36
Fluid coking36
Visbreaking37
Supply and demand by region38
United States38
Capacity38
Crude petroleum reserves38
Petroleum refining capacity39
Salient statistics44
Production44
Crude petroleum44
Petroleum products45
Input46
Output46
Consumption47
Crude petroleum47
Petroleum products47
Gasoline48
Distillate fuel oils50
Jet fuels50
Residual fuel oils51
Petroleum coke52
Still gases53
Asphalt and road oil53
Petrochemical feedstocks53
Lubricants53
Specialty naphthas54
Kerosene54
Price55
Crude petroleum55
Petroleum products56
Trade57
Imports57
Crude petroleum57
Petroleum products58
Exports60
Crude petroleum60
Petroleum products60
Canada61
Reserves61
Crude petroleum and oil sands reserves61
Petroleum refining capacity63
Salient statistics64
Production64
Consumption66
Trade67
Crude petroleum67
Petroleum products67
Mexico69
Capacity69
Crude petroleum reserves69
Petroleum refining capacity69
Salient statistics70
Production71
Consumption72
Trade74
Crude petroleum74
Petroleum products74
South America76
Capacity76
Crude petroleum reserves76
Petroleum refining capacity76
Salient statistics78
Production78
Consumption 83
Trade 88
Western Europe 92
Capacity 92
Crude petroleum reserves 92
Petroleum refining capacity 92
Salient statistics 95
Production 95
Consumption 101
Trade 107
Crude petroleum 107
Petroleum products 108
Central Europe 110
Capacity 110
Crude petroleum reserves 110
Petroleum refining capacity 110
Salient statistics 111
Production 111
Consumption 116
Trade 122
CIS and Baltic States 125
Capacity 125
Crude petroleum reserves 125
Petroleum refining capacity 125
Salient statistics 127
Production 127
Consumption 132
Trade 138
Middle East 141
Capacity 141
Crude petroleum reserves 141
Petroleum refining capacity 141
Salient statistics 143
Production 144
Consumption 149
Trade 156
Crude petroleum 156
Petroleum products 157
Africa 159
Capacity 159
Crude petroleum reserves 159
Petroleum refining capacity 159
Salient statistics 160
Production 161
Consumption 167
Trade 174
Crude petroleum 174
Petroleum products 176
Indian Subcontinent 178
Capacity 178
Crude petroleum reserves 178
Petroleum refining capacity 178
Salient statistics 179
Production 179
Consumption 185
Trade 191
Northeast Asia 193
Capacity 193
Crude petroleum reserves 193
Petroleum refining capacity 193
Salient statistics 195
Production 196
Consumption 201
Trade 208
Southeast Asia 211
Capacity 211
Crude petroleum reserves 211
Petroleum refining capacity 211
Salient statistics 212
Production 213
Consumption 218
Trade 225
Appendix I: US environmental legislation on motor gasoline 229
Appendix II: Discussion on historical US crude oil pricing: 1970–99 231
Bibliography 232
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