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Controlled- and Slow-Release Fertilizers

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary5
Summary6
Introduction12
Product characteristics12
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products13
UF concentrates14
Ureaform15
Methylene ureas15
Methylene diurea/dimethylene triurea15
UF solutions16
Urea-triazone solutions16
Isobutylidene diurea18
Crotonylidene diurea19
Other synthetic organic products20
Oxamide20
Guanylurea sulfate20
Melamine (triaminotriazine)21
Coated fertilizers21
Sulfur-coated fertilizers21
Polymer-coated sulfur-coated fertilizers (PCSC)22
Polymer-coated fertilizers23
Other slowly soluble fertilizers24
Metal ammonium and potassium phosphates24
Spikes, stakes, tablets, and briquettes25
Supply and demand by region26
United States26
Producing companies26
Producer profiles31
ICL Specialty Fertilizers31
Koch Agronomic Services LLC31
Nutrien32
Salient statistics33
Consumption34
Commodity agriculture36
Agricultural crop markets37
Nonagricultural markets39
Consumer39
Golf courses41
Professional lawn care and landscape maintenance44
Nurseries and greenhouses45
Other professional turf47
Landscape48
Price49
Trade50
Imports50
Exports51
Canada and Mexico51
South America52
Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA)52
Overview52
Definition of market coverage52
Coverage by product type52
Coverage by market53
Market summary53
Western Europe55
Producing companies55
Supply channels58
Urea-aldehyde reaction products (slow-release fertilizers)59
Coated fertilizers (controlled-release fertilizers)60
Other slowly soluble fertilizers60
Nitrification inhibitor–and urease inhibitor–containing fertilizers60
Rules and regulations63
Concept of nutrient use efficiency (NUE) and impact on enhanced efficiency fertilizers demand63
Fertilizer regulation63
Nitrates Directive64
Water Framework Directive (WFD)64
Groundwater Directive64
National Emissions Ceilings (NEC) Directive64
Salient statistics65
Production66
Consumption67
Consumption by market68
Consumption by product type70
Price71
Trade72
Imports72
Exports73
Central and Eastern Europe74
Producing companies74
Salient statistics74
Consumption75
Price76
Trade76
Middle East76
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Consumption78
Price79
Trade79
Africa79
Producing companies79
Salient statistics80
Consumption80
Price81
Trade81
China81
Producing companies81
Salient statistics83
Production84
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products85
Coated fertilizers85
Sulfur-coated urea85
Polymer-coated urea/complex fertilizers85
Other85
Consumption85
Price86
Trade86
Japan87
Producing companies87
Salient statistics89
Production91
Manufactured products91
Other slow-release fertilizers92
Consumption93
Urea-aldehyde reaction products94
Isobutylidene diurea94
Crotonylidene diurea94
Urea-formaldehyde products94
Other synthetic organic products95
Coated fertilizers95
Coated urea95
Coated complex fertilizers95
Processed natural organic fertilizers95
Price96
Trade96
Imports96
Exports97
Other Asia97
India99
Indonesia 101
Malaysia 101
South Korea 101
Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) 101
Additional resources 103
Revisions 104
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