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Controlled- and Slow-Release Fertilizers

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
Summary 9
Introduction 16
Product characteristics 16
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products 17
UF concentrates 19
Ureaform 20
Methylene ureas 20
Methylene diurea/dimethylene triurea 21
UF solutions 21
Urea-triazone solutions 21
Isobutylidene diurea 22
Crotonylidene diurea 23
Other synthetic organic products 24
Oxamide 24
Guanylurea sulfate 24
Melamine (triaminotriazine) 24
Coated fertilizers 25
Sulfur-coated fertilizers 25
Polymer-coated sulfur-coated fertilizers (PCSC) 26
Polymer-coated fertilizers 27
Other slowly soluble fertilizers 29
Metal ammonium and potassium phosphates 29
Spikes, stakes, tablets, and briquettes 30
Supply and demand by region 31
United States 31
Producing companies 31
Producer profiles 37
ICL Specialty Fertilizers 37
Koch Agronomic Services LLC 38
Nutrien 39
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 42
Commodity agriculture 44
Agricultural crop markets 45
Nonagricultural markets 47
Consumer 47
Golf courses 49
Professional lawn care and landscape maintenance 53
Nurseries and greenhouses 55
Other professional turf 57
Landscape 58
Price 60
Trade 60
Imports 60
Exports 61
Canada and Mexico 61
South America 62
Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) 63
Overview 63
Definition of market coverage 63
Coverage by product type 63
Coverage by market 63
Market summary 64
Western Europe 66
Producing companies 67
Supply channels 73
Urea-aldehyde reaction products (slow-release fertilizers) 75
Coated fertilizers (controlled-release fertilizers) 75
Other slowly soluble fertilizers 76
Nitrification inhibitor–and urease inhibitor–containing fertilizers 76
Rules and regulations 79
Concept of nutrient use efficiency (NUE) and impact on enhanced efficiency fertilizers demand 80
Microplastics regulation 80
Fertilizer regulation 80
Nitrates Directive 81
Water Framework Directive (WFD) 82
Groundwater Directive 82
National Emissions Ceilings (NEC) Directive 82
Salient statistics 83
Production 84
Consumption 84
Consumption by market 86
Consumption by product type 89
Price 91
Trade 92
Imports 92
Exports 92
Central and Eastern Europe 93
Producing companies 93
Salient statistics 94
Consumption 95
Price 96
Trade 96
Middle East 97
Producing companies 97
Salient statistics 99
Consumption 100
Price 101
Trade 101
Africa 102
Producing companies 102
Salient statistics 102
Consumption 103
Price 104
Trade 104
Indian Subcontinent 104
Overview 104
Producing companies 104
Production 105
Consumption 106
Northeast Asia 106
Mainland China 106
Producing companies 106
Salient statistics 110
Production 111
Urea-formaldehyde reaction products 111
Coated fertilizers 111
Sulfur-coated urea 112
Polymer-coated urea/complex fertilizers 112
Other 112
Consumption 112
Price 113
Trade 113
Japan 113
Producing companies 113
Salient statistics 116
Production 116
Consumption 117
Urea-aldehyde reaction products 118
Other synthetic organic products 119
Coated fertilizers 119
Processed natural organic fertilizers 119
Price 120
Trade 121
Imports 121
Exports 121
Other Northeast Asia 121
Producing companies 121
South Korea 122
Taiwan 122
Southeast Asia and Oceania 122
Southeast Asia 122
Indonesia 124
Malaysia 124
Vietnam 125
Oceania 125
Additional resources 126
Revisions 127
Data Workbook 128
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