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Chlorine/Sodium Hydroxide (Chlor-Alkali)

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary6
Summary7
Salient statistics9
Chlorine9
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)11
Capacity12
Chlorine12
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)13
Production14
Chlorine14
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)15
Consumption16
Chlorine16
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)19
Price21
Trade22
Introduction26
Manufacturing processes27
Coproduction of chlorine and caustic27
Diaphragm cell27
Mercury cell28
Membrane cell29
Without coproduction of either chlorine or caustic29
Chlorine29
Chlorine from hydrogen chloride29
Chlorine as a by-product of metal production30
Chlorine coproduction with potassium hydroxide30
Other chlorine production processes30
Caustic/sodium hydroxide31
Major end uses32
Chlorine32
Vinyls32
Propylene oxide and phosgene32
Epichlorohydrin33
Intermediate chemicals33
Chlorinated methanes33
Chlorinated ethanes34
Inorganic chemicals35
Water treatment37
Pulp and paper38
Other38
Sodium hydroxide (caustic)39
Pulp and paper40
Alumina40
Propylene oxide41
Polycarbonates41
Epichlorohydrin41
Organic chemicals42
Inorganic chemicals43
Soaps and detergents44
Textiles45
Water treatment46
Other46
Environmental issues49
Supply and demand by region51
North America51
Overview51
Capacity51
Salient statistics52
Production53
Consumption55
Trade61
United States63
Producing companies63
Salient statistics68
Consumption70
Trade74
Canada75
Producing companies75
Salient statistics77
Consumption78
Trade81
Mexico82
Producing companies83
Salient statistics84
Consumption85
Trade88
South America89
Producing companies90
Salient statistics94
Production96
Consumption98
Trade103
Europe105
Western Europe105
Producing companies106
Salient statistics114
Consumption116
Trade119
Central Europe120
Producing companies121
Salient statistics124
Production126
Consumption128
Trade132
CIS and Baltic States133
Producing companies134
Salient statistics138
Production140
Consumption142
Trade146
Middle East147
Producing companies148
Salient statistics152
Production154
Consumption156
Trade160
Africa161
Producing companies162
Salient statistics166
Production168
Consumption170
Trade174
Indian Subcontinent175
Producing companies176
Salient statistics180
Production182
Consumption184
Trade188
Northeast Asia189
Overview190
Capacity190
Salient statistics192
Production193
Consumption195
Trade200
China201
Producing companies202
Salient statistics213
Consumption216
Trade219
Japan220
Producing companies220
Salient statistics223
Consumption224
Trade226
South Korea227
Producing companies227
Salient statistics229
Consumption231
Trade233
Taiwan234
Producing companies234
Salient statistics236
Consumption237
Trade239
Southeast Asia240
Producing companies240
Salient statistics245
Production247
Consumption249
Trade253
Bibliography255
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