Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

Chlorine-Sodium Hydroxide (Chlor-Alkali)

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Salient statistics10
Chlorine10
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)12
Capacity13
Chlorine13
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)14
Production15
Chlorine15
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)16
Consumption16
Chlorine16
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide)19
Price20
Trade21
Introduction25
Manufacturing processes26
Coproduction of chlorine and caustic26
Diaphragm cell26
Mercury cell27
Membrane cell28
Without coproduction of either chlorine or caustic29
Chlorine29
Chlorine from hydrogen chloride29
Chlorine as a by-product of metal production30
Chlorine coproduction with potassium hydroxide30
Other chlorine production processes30
Caustic/sodium hydroxide30
Major end uses31
Chlorine31
Vinyls31
Propylene oxide and phosgene31
Epichlorohydrin32
Intermediate chemicals32
Chlorinated methanes33
Chlorinated ethanes33
Inorganic chemicals35
Water treatment37
Pulp and paper38
Other38
Sodium hydroxide (caustic)39
Pulp and paper41
Alumina41
Propylene oxide41
Polycarbonates42
Epichlorohydrin42
Organic chemicals42
Inorganic chemicals43
Soaps and detergents45
Textiles46
Water treatment47
Other47
Environmental issues51
Supply and demand by region53
North America53
Overview53
Capacity53
Salient statistics54
Production55
Consumption57
Trade61
United States63
Producing companies64
Salient statistics70
Consumption71
Trade74
Canada75
Producing companies76
Salient statistics77
Consumption78
Trade81
Mexico81
Producing companies82
Salient statistics83
Consumption84
Trade87
South America88
Producing companies89
Salient statistics94
Production95
Consumption97
Trade101
Europe102
Western Europe102
Producing companies103
Salient statistics113
Consumption115
Trade117
Central Europe118
Producing companies119
Salient statistics122
Production123
Consumption125
Trade128
CIS and Baltic States129
Producing companies130
Salient statistics134
Production135
Consumption136
Trade139
Middle East140
Producing companies141
Salient statistics146
Production147
Consumption149
Trade153
Africa153
Producing companies154
Salient statistics158
Production159
Consumption160
Trade164
Indian Subcontinent165
Producing companies166
Salient statistics171
Production173
Consumption174
Trade177
Northeast Asia178
Overview179
Capacity179
Salient statistics181
Production182
Consumption183
Trade187
China188
Producing companies189
Salient statistics203
Consumption206
Trade208
Japan209
Producing companies209
Salient statistics212
Consumption214
Trade216
South Korea216
Producing companies217
Salient statistics218
Consumption220
Trade221
Taiwan222
Producing companies222
Salient statistics224
Consumption225
Trade227
Southeast Asia228
Producing companies229
Salient statistics234
Production235
Consumption236
Trade240
Additional resources242
Revisions243
Filter Sort