Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

Steam Cracking For Olefins Production

Process Economics Program Report 248

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

INTRODUCTION 1-1
SUMMARY 2-1
GENERAL ASPECTS 2-1
TECHNICAL ASPECTS 2-1
Advances in Furnace Design for Thermal Cracking 2-1
Advances in Catalytic Steam Cracking 2-3
Processes Using Metal Oxide Catalysts 2-3
Processes Using Zeolite-Based Catalysts 2-3
RIPP/Sinopec's Catalytic Pyrolysis Process (CPP) 2-3
Asahi Chemical's Process 2-4
AIST's Process 2-4
PROCESS ECONOMICS 2-4
Ethylene from Ethane by Steam Cracking in Ceramic Furnace 2-4
Ethylene from Light Naphtha by Catalytic Steam Cracking 2-5
INDUSTRIAL STATUS 3-1
OLEFINS FEEDSTOCKS 3-1
ETHYLENE SUPPLY AND DEMAND 3-3
U.S. Ethylene Outlook 3-7
Western European Ethylene Outlook 3-7
Asian Ethylene Outlook 3-8
Middle Eastern Ethylene Outlook 3-8
PROPYLENE MARKET 3-9
C4 OLEFINS MARKET 3-10
PRODUCERS AND PLANT CAPACITIES 3-10
THERMAL STEAM CRACKING TECHNOLOGY 4-1
REACTION MECHANISM 4-1
CONVENTIONAL STEAM CRACKING TECHNOLOGY 4-2
STEAM CRACKING YIELDS 4-4
COMMERCIAL STEAM CRACKING PROCESSES 4-5
Linde AG 4-5
Kellogg Brown & Root 4-7
ABB Lummus Global 4-8
Stone & Webster 4-9
Technip 4-10
NONCONVENTIONAL THERMAL CRACKING PROCESSES 4-11
Thermal Cracking with Partial Combustion 4-11
The Advanced Cracking Reactor Process 4-11
Ethylene from Light Crude by Dow's Partial Combustion Process 4-12
Fluidized or Circulating Bed Cracking 4-12
The Lurgi Sand Cracker 4-12
BASF's Fluidized Coke/Flow Cracking 4-12
The KK Process 4-13
The Ube Process 4-13
Quick Contact Reaction System/Thermal Regenerative Cracking 4-13
Shock Wave Reactor (SWR) 4-14
TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES 4-14
Methathesis of Ethylene and Butylenes 4-14
SUPERFLEX Process 4-15
Olefins Interconversion 4-16
Propylur Process 4-16
ADVANCES IN FURNACE DESIGN FOR THERMAL CRACKING 5-1
FIREBOX DESIGN 5-1
Burner Arrangement 5-2
Low NOx Burners 5-3
Refractory Coating 5-3
Modeling Applications 5-4
COIL DESIGN 5-4
TUBE METALLURGY 5-6
COKE REDUCTION 5-7
Mechanisms of Coke Formation 5-8
Catalytic Coking 5-8
Pyrolytic (Thermal) Coking 5-9
Aerosol Coking (Polyaromatic Condensation) 5-9
Antifoulant Additives 5-9
Permanent Surface Coatings 5-11
Other Surface Treatments 5-13
TRANSFER LINE EXCHANGERS 5-13
CERAMIC FURNACES 5-14
ECONOMICS OF STEAM CRACKING IN CERAMIC FURNACE 6-1
PROCESS DESCRIPTION 6-1
Section 100-Cracking and Quenching 6-1
Section 200-Compression and Deacidification 6-2
Section 300-C2 Recovery 6-3
Section 400-Ethylene Separation and Autorefrigeration 6-3
Section 500-Propylene Refrigeration 6-4
Section 600-Methane Refrigeration 6-4
PROCESS DISCUSSION 6-23
COST ESTIMATES 6-24
Capital Costs 6-24
Production Costs 6-25
ECONOMICS COMPARISON 6-35
CATALYTIC STEAM CRACKING TECHNOLOGY 7-1
PROCESSES USING METAL OXIDE CATALYSTS 7-1
The VNIIOS Process 7-2
The Linde/Veba Thermocatalytic Process 7-3
Toyo Engineering's Process 7-3
LG Petrochemical's Process 7-3
PROCESSES USING ZEOLITE-BASED CATALYSTS 7-4
Chemistry 7-4
Zeolite Catalysts 7-5
Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Processes 7-6
RIPP/Sinopec's Catalytic Pyrolysis Process (CPP) 7-7
Asahi Chemical's Process 7-11
AIST's Process 7-12
Feasibility Study - AIST's Process 7-12
Process Economics 7-18
Process Status 7-18
APPENDIX A: PATENT SUMMARY TABLES A-1
APPENDIX B: DESIGN AND COST BASES B-1
APPENDIX C: CITED REFERENCES C-1
APPENDIX D: PATENT REFERENCES BY COMPANY D-1
APPENDIX E: PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM E-1
Filter Sort