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Mining Chemicals

Specialty Chemicals Update Program

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 11
Summary 12
Markets by function 16
Frothers 18
Collectors 20
Flocculants 27
Solvent extractants 30
Wet grinding aids 32
Dry grinding aids 34
Rheology modifiers 36
Other chemicals used in mining 37
Dedusting chemicals 37
Explosives and blasting agents 38
Hydrogen peroxide 38 Leaching chemicals39
Natural water-soluble polymers 39
Sodium hydrosulfide 39
Delivery and storage 40
Overview of the international mining industry 41
Mineral and mining products 41
Future outlook 42
Outlook by mined product 42
Bauxite 42
Coal 43
Copper 44
Feldspar 45
Fluorspar 45
Gold 45
Iron ore 46
Kaolin 48
Manganese 48
Nickel 49
Phosphate 49
Talc 49
Uranium 50
Zinc/lead 51
Critical factors for success 52
Process technology 54
Function of chemicals in mineral extraction 54
Selection of chemicals for processing 56
Comminution 57
Crushing and grinding 57
Grinding aids 57
Froth flotation 58
Modification 59
Collection 60
Frothing 61
Dewatering 61
Thickening 62
Filtration 63
Applications of flotation reagents 63
Sulfide ore flotation reagents 63
Platinum group metals 65
Iron ore flotation 65
Nonmetallic ore flotation reagents 66
Rare earth processing 66
Coal flotation reagents 68
Solution mining and leaching processes 69
Solvent extraction processes 72
Copper 72
Uranium 74
Nickel and cobalt 75
Recovering metals from laterite process streams 77
Other reagents used in hydrometallurgy 78
Precious metals extraction 78
Biometallurgy 82
Alumina processing 85
Metal recycling 85
Environmental remediation 86
Acid mine drainage (AMD) 86
Cyanide-containing tailings 86
Tailings recycling 86
Biosequestration 87
Solid waste handling 87
Bioengineering 87
Pyrolysis 87
Industrial waste 88
Waste pickling liquors 88
Sludge handling 88
Plating bath waste 88
Transportation and handling 89
Dust suppressants 89
Wetting agents 89
Freeze conditioners 89
Freeze release agents 89
Side release agents 90
Producers 90
Process water treatment 90
New developments in technology 90
Ongoing development 91
Solvent extraction of gold 91
Biocyanide technology 92
Bioleaching of low-grade sulfide copper ores 93
Worldwide mining chemicals business 94
Major mining chemical companies 95
Arkema 95 BASF 95 Cheminova (FMC), Denmark96
Clariant 96 CP Kelco 97 97
GCP Applied Technologies 98
Kemira 98 Nalco Water 100
NASACO International 100
Nouryon 101
Shell Chemicals 101
Solenis 101
Solvay 102
Regional and local companies 103
North America 103
Alkemin S. de R.L. de C.V., Mexico 103
Altivia, United States 104
Chevron Phillips, United States 104
Complex QUÍMICA S.A. De C.V., Mexico 104
Hychem, United States 104 Kraton Polymers, United States104
Prospec Chemicals Division, Canada 105
Roan Industries, United States 105
Suez Water Technologies & Solutions, United States 105
Tessenderlo Kerley, United States 105
Tramfloc, United States 106
Zinkan, United States 106
South America 106
Europe 106
Chryso, France 106
EKOF Flotation GMBH, Germany 106
FOSROC International, Ltd., United Kingdom 107
Ionic Solutions Ltd., United Kingdom 107
Ruredil, Italy 107
Sika, Switzerland 107
S.Q.I. Proquicesa, Spain 107
Zupa Chemical Industry/Nutrichem, Serbia/UK 107
Africa 107
Axis House, South Africa 107
Betachem (Pty) Ltd., South Africa 108
Sasol (Solvents Division), South Africa 108
Senmin International (Pty) Ltd., South Africa 108
Mainland China 109
BASF Construction Chemicals Asia Pacific, mainland China 109
Beijing Hengju, mainland China 109
Chemorama/Long Light Chemical Limited, Hong Kong/mainland China 109
Flomin Qingdao Chemica, Australia/mainland China 109
Florrea/Shenyang Florrea Chemicals, mainland China 109
Hongyi Technology Group, Ltd., mainland China 110
Kunming Aotong Chemical, mainland China 110
Luoyang Zhongda Chemical Co., Ltd., mainland China 110
Henan Xiawei Chemical, mainland China 110
Qingdao Ruchang Mining Chemical, mainland China 110
QiXia TongDa Flotation Reagent, mainland China 111
Sellwell (Group) Flotation Reagents Factory, mainland China 111
Shanghai Rare-Earth Chemical Co., Ltd., mainland China 111
Suzhou Super Power Cement Aid, mainland China 111
Tieling Flotation Reagents, mainland China 111
Yantai Humon Chemical Auxiliary, mainland China 111
Asia 112
Amruta Industries, India 112
Chrome International, India 112
OCI-SNF Company, South Korea 112
Songwon Industrial, South Korea 112
STP Limited, India 112
Suyog Chemicals, India112
Australia 112
Albright & Wilson 112
Australian Gold Reagents 113
Coogee Chemicals Pty. Ltd. 113
Mintech Chemical Industries 113
Orica Mining Chemicals 114
Regional markets 115
North America 115
United States 115
Flotation reagents 116
Frothers 117
Collectors 118
Flocculants and filter aids 118
Solvent extractants 119
Other reagents 119
Canada 119
Flotation reagents 120
Frothers 122
Collectors 122
Flocculants 122
Solvent extractants 123
Mexico 123
Flotation reagents 125
Frothers 125
Collectors 125
Flocculants 126
Solvent extractants 126
Other 126
Central and South America and the Caribbean 126
Brazil 127
Flotation reagents 128
Frothers 128
Collectors 128
Flocculants 129
Solvent extractants 129
Chile 129
Flotation reagents1130
Frothers 130
Collectors 131
Flocculants 131
Solvent extractants 131
Peru 131
Flotation reagents 132
Frothers 132
Collectors 132
Flocculants 133
Solvent extractants 133
Other South American countries 133
Argentina 134
Bolivia 135
Central America and the Caribbean 135
Western Europe 135
Flotation reagents 140
Frothers 141
Collectors 142
Flocculants 142
Solvent extractants 143
Grinding aids143
Eastern Europe/CIS 143
Frothers 144
Collectors 144
Flocculants 144
Solvent extractants 145
Grinding aids145
Mineral production 145
Albania 145
Bulgaria 145
Bosnia and Herzegovina146
Croatia 146
Hungary 146
Kazakhstan 147
Montenegro 147
Poland 147
Romania 148
Russia 148
Serbia 149
Slovakia 150
Ukraine 150
Uzbekistan 150
Middle East and Africa 150
Middle Eastern and North African countries 151
Flotation reagents 152
Frothers 152
Collectors 152
Flocculants 152
Solvent extractants 153
Mineral production 153
Algeria 153
Egypt 153
Iran 153
Morocco 154
Saudi Arabia 155
Turkey 155
Central and South Africa 156
Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) 157
South Africa 158
Flotation reagents 159
Frothers 160
Collectors 160
Flocculants and dewatering aids 160
Solvent extractants 160
Zambia 161
Flotation reagents 161
Collectors 161
Solvent extractants 161
Other Central and Southern African countries 161
Botswana 162
Ghana 163
Namibia 163
Niger 164
Tanzania 164
Zimbabwe 164
Asia 165
Mainland China 165
Flotation reagents 173
Frothers 173
Collectors 174
Flocculants 175
Solvent extractants 175
Wet grinding aids 175
Dry grinding aids 176
Rheology modifiers 176
India 176
Flotation reagents 177
Frothers 178
Collectors 179
Flocculants 179
Solvent extraction 179
Grinding aids 179
Japan, North Korea, and South Korea 179
Frothers 181
Flocculants 181
Solvent extractants 181
Other Asian countries 182
Flotation reagents 182
Frothers 182
Collectors 182
Flocculants 183
Solvent extractants 183
Grinding aids 183
Mineral production 183
Indonesia 183
Philippines 184
Vietnam 185
Oceania 185
Australia 185
Flotation reagents 186
Frothers 187
Collectors 188
Flocculants 188
Solvent extractants 188
Other Oceanian countries 188
Appendix 190
Revisions 215
Data Workbook 216
Notice 217
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