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Flame Retardants

Specialty Chemicals Update Program

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
North America 8
Central and South America 9
Europe, Middle East, and Africa 9
Mainland China 9
Japan 10
Other Asia 10
Summary 11
Introduction 16
Abbreviations 19
Overview of the flame retardants industry 22
North America 22
Industry structure 22
Operating characteristics 29
Research and development 30
Manufacturing 31
Marketing 32
Cost structure and profitability 32
Government regulations 33
Critical factors for success 36
Central and South America 37
Western Europe 37
Industry structure 37
Associations and interest groups 40
Corporate activities 41
Operating characteristics 47
Research and development 47
Manufacturing 49
Marketing 49
Cost structure and profitability 51
Government regulations 52
Trends and opportunities 54
Critical factors for success 56
Central and Eastern Europe 57
Middle East and Africa 58
Japan59
Industry structure59
Operating characteristics 62
Research and development 63
Manufacturing 64
Marketing 65
Cost structure and profitability 66
Government regulations 67
Critical factors for success 67
Mainland China 68
Industry structure 68
Operating characteristics 69
Government regulations 69
Other Asia 71
Flame retardant products and markets 72
Products and functions 72
Chemical types 72
Product selection and substitution 80
Flame-retarded materials 82
Challenged flame retardants 84
North America 89
Summary 89
Brominated compounds 91
Consumption and markets 91
Additive flame retardants 93
Reactive flame retardants 96
Market participants 97
Prices 97
Organophosphorus compounds 98
Consumption and markets 98
Market participants 103
Prices 104
Chlorinated compounds 104
Consumption and markets 104
Market participants 105
Prices 106
Aluminum trihydroxide 106
Consumption and markets 106
Market participants 107
Prices 110
Antimony oxides 110
Consumption and markets 110
Market participants 111
Prices 112
Other 112
Consumption and markets 112
Boron compounds 112
Magnesium hydroxide and huntite/hydromagnesite 113
Melamine and derivatives 113
Molybdenum compounds 113
Intumescent phosphates 114
Red phosphorus 114
Miscellaneous 114
Market participants 114
Prices 116
Future trends and strategic issues 117
Central and South America 119
Summary 119
Market participants 120
Western Europe 121
Summary 121
Producing companies 122
Brominated compounds 131
Consumption and markets 131
Brominated polymers 132
Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) 133
Decabromodiphenyl ether (deca-BDE) 133
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA/TBBA) 133
Market participants 134
Organophosphorus compounds 134
Consumption and markets 134
Market participants 136
Chlorinated compounds 136
Consumption and markets 136
Market participants 137
Aluminum trihydroxide 137
Consumption and markets 137
Market participants 139
Antimony trioxide 139
Consumption and markets 139
Market participants 140
Other 141
Consumption and markets 141
Magnesium hydroxide 141
Melamine and derivatives 142
Ammonium polyphosphate 142
Huntite/hydromagnesite 143
Zinc borates and stannates 143
Red phosphorus 143
Guanidine/dicyandiamide 144
Nanoclays 144
Market participants 144
Ammonium polyphosphate 144
Guanidine/dicyandiamide 145
Magnesium hydroxide and huntite/hydromagnesite 145
Melamine (including melamine salts) 145
Red phosphorus 145
Zinc borate, sulfide, and stannate 145
Prices 146
Future trends and strategic issues 147
Central and Eastern Europe 147
Consumption, markets, and trends 147
Market participants 148
Middle East 151
Consumption, markets, and trends 151
Market participants 152
Africa 155
Consumption, market, and trends 155
Japan 157
Summary 157
Brominated compounds 160
Consumption and markets 160
Market participants 163
Prices 165
Organophosphorus compounds 165
Consumption and markets 165
Nonhalogenated compounds 166
Halogenated compounds 167
Market participants 168
Prices 169
Chlorinated compounds 169
Consumption and markets 169
Market participants 170
Prices 171
Aluminum trihydroxide 171
Consumption and markets 171
Market participants 172
Prices 173
Antimony oxides 174
Consumption and markets 174
Market participants 174
Prices 176
Other 176
Consumption and markets 176
Guanidine salts 176
Magnesium hydroxide 176
Miscellaneous 177
Market participants 177
Prices 178
Future trends and strategic issues 178
Mainland China 180
Summary 180
Brominated compounds 181
Consumption and markets 181
Market participants 182
Prices 184
Organophosphorus compounds 184
Consumption and markets 184
Market participants 184
Prices 185
Chlorinated compounds 186
Consumption and markets 186
Market participants 186
Prices 187
Aluminum trihydroxide 187
Consumption and markets 187
Market participants 188
Prices 189
Antimony trioxide 189
Consumption and markets 189
Market participants 189
Prices 190
Other 190
Future trends and strategic issues 191
Other Asia 191
Summary 191
Market participants 193
ASEAN countries 194
India 195
South Korea and Taiwan 197
South Korea 197
Taiwan 199
Revisions 201
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