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Chelating Agents

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 9
Summary 10
Classical aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 10
Greener aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 12
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 13
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 15
Organophosphonates 17
Introduction 19
Major end-use markets 21
Cleaning compounds 24
Household cleaning products 24
Institutional and industrial (I&I) cleaning products 25
Water treatment 26
Pulp and paper 27
Agricultural applications 28
Photographic applications 28
Textile treatment 29
Food, cosmetics/toiletries, and pharmaceuticals 30
Gas scrubbing/sweetening 31
Concrete admixtures 32
Metal finishing 33
Petroleum exploration and production 34
Rubber/polymer processing 34
Miscellaneous chemical processing 35
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 35
Classical aminopolycarboxylic acids 36
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and salts (EDTA) 36
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and salts (DTPA) 36
Hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetic acid and salts (HEDTA) 36
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 37
Biodegradable aminopolycarboxylic acids 38
Ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid and salts (EDDS) 38
Iminodisuccinic acid and salts (IDS) 38
Methylglycinediacetic acid and salts (MGDA) 39
Glutamic acid-N,N-diacetic acid and salts (GLDA) 39
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 39
Organophosphonates 40
Manufacturing processes 43
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 43
Nitrilotriacetic acid 44
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 44
Organophosphonates 44
Environmental regulations and issues 46
REACH 46
Detergents regulation 46
Risk assessments 47
Supply and demand by region 49
United States 49
Producing companies 49
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 49
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts (NTA) 49
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 50
Gluconic acid/sodium gluconate 50
Sodium glucoheptonate 50
Organophosphonates 51
Salient statistics 53
Aminopolycarboxylates 53
NTA 57
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 57
Gluconic acids and salts 58
Glucoheptonic acids and salts 59
Organophosphonates 60
Consumption 60
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts (excluding NTA) 60
Nitrilotriacetic acid and salts 64
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 65
Organophosphonates 67
Price 69
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 69
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 70
Organophosphonates 70
Trade 71
Classical aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 71
Imports 71
Exports 72
Greener aminopolycarboxylic acids 72
Nitrilotriacetic acid, sodium salt 73
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 74
Organophosphonates 76
Imports 76
Exports 77
Canada 79
Production 79
Salient statistics 79
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 80
Nitrilotriacetic acid 81
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 82
Organophosphonates 83
Mexico 84
Producing companies 84
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 84
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 84
Organophosphonates 84
Salient statistics 85
Consumption 86
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 86
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 87
Organophosphonates 87
Trade 87
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 87
NTA 88
Hydroxycarboxylic acids, salts, and esters 88
Organophosphonates 89
Central and South America 90
Producing companies 90
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 90
NTA 91
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 91
Organophosphonates 91
Salient statistics 91
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 91
NTA 93
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 93
Organophosphonates 93
Consumption 93
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 93
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 93
Organophosphonates 94
Price 94
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 94
Hydroxycarboxylic acids 94
Organophosphonates 95
Trade 96
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 96
Imports 96
Exports 97
Hydroxycarboxylic acids, salts, and esters 97
Gluconates 97
Sodium glucoheptonate 98
Organophosphonates 98
Europe 99
Producing companies 99
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 99
Gluconic acid and salts 101
Glucoheptonic acid and salts 102
Organophosphonates 102
Salient statistics 103
Production 104
Aminopolycarboxylates 104
Gluconates and glucoheptonates 104
Organophosphonates 105
Consumption 105
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 105
EDTA 107
NTA 108
DTPA 109
HEDTA 110
MGDA 110
IDS 111
GLDA 111
EDDS 112
Other 112
Gluconic acid and salts 112
Glucoheptonic acid and salts 114
Organophosphonates 115
Price 117
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 117
Gluconates and glucoheptonates 117
Organophosphonates 117
Trade 118
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 118
Gluconic acid and salts 118
Organophosphonates 120
Middle East and Africa 120
Salient statistics 120
Production 120
Consumption 120
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 120
Gluconic acid and salts 121
Organophosphonates 122
Mainland China 123
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 125
Price 127
Trade 128
Gluconic acids and salts 128
Producing companies 128
Salient statistics 128
Consumption 129
Price 131
Trade 131
Sodium glucoheptonates 132
Organophosphonates 132
Producing companies 132
Salient statistics 134
Consumption 134
Price 135
Trade 136
Northeast Asia 136
Aminopolycarboxylic acids and salts 137
Producing companies 137
Salient statistics 139
Production 139
Consumption 140
Hydroxycarboxylic acids and salts 145
Producing companies 145
Supply and demand 146
Production 146
Consumption 147
Organophosphonates 148
Production 148
Consumption 149
Other 149
Price 150
Trade 150
Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia 153
Aminopolycarboxylic acids 153
Producing companies 153
Salient statistics 154
Consumption 155
Trade 156
Gluconic acids and salts 157
Producing companies 157
Salient statistics 157
Trade 158
Imports 158
Exports 159
Organophosphonates 159
Price 160
Additional resources 161
Revisions 162
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