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Carbon Fibers

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
Summary 8
Industry structure and dynamics 14
Introduction 15
Manufacturing processes 17
Rayon-based carbon fibers 17
PAN-based carbon fibers 18
Pitch-based carbon fibers 19
Processing of carbon fibers 19
Continuous-fiber composites 19
Tape laying 20
Filament winding 20
Pultrusion 21
Sheet molding 21
Honeycomb construction 21
Chopped fibers 22
Nonpolymeric matrices 22
Environmental issues 23
Supply and demand by region 24
United States 24
Producing companies 24
AvCarb 24
Cytec Engineered Materials, Inc. (under Solvay) 25
Hexcel 25
Mitsubishi Chemical Carbon Fiber and Composites 25
SGL Composites LLC 25
Teijin Carbon America, Inc. 26
Toray Composite Materials America, Inc. 26
Salient statistics 26
Consumption 27
Industrial, wind, automotive/transportation, and other commercial applications 29
Pressure vessels 30
–Wind, oil, gas 31
Automotive 33
Civil engineering 36
Electrical/electronic 36
Drive shafts/machinery 37
Marine 37
Other 38
Aircraft and aerospace applications 38
Military aircraft 39
Large commercial aircraft 41
Regional, business, and personal aircraft 44
Helicopters 44
Aircraft engines and brakes 45
Tooling 46
Missiles and spacecraft 46
Sporting goods/recreation 47
Price 49
Trade 49
Imports 49
Exports 50
Mexico 50
Producing companies 50
Salient statistics 51
Central and South America 51
Salient statistics 51
Consumption 52
Western Europe 53
Producing companies 53
Production 56
Consumption 57
Industrial, wind, automotive/transportation, and other commercial applications 58
Aircraft and aerospace applications 60
Sporting goods/recreation 60
Price 61
Trade 62
Central Europe 62
Producing companies 62
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 64
Trade 65
CIS Countries 65
Producing companies 65
Salient statistics 66
Middle East and Africa 67
Producing companies 67
Salient statistics 67
Middle East 67
Africa 69
Consumption 69
Mainland China 70
Introduction 70
Producing companies 71
Salient statistics 76
Production 77
Consumption 78
Industrial 78
Renewable energy 79
Automobile applications 79
Pressure vessel 81
Civil engineering 81
Electronic/Electricity 82
Other applications 82
Sporting goods/recreation 83
Aircraft/aerospace 83
Commercial aviation 83
Military aviation 84
Projected use of carbon fiber in aviation 84
Price 85
Trade 85
Japan 86
Producing companies 86
Toray Industries 86
Teijin Carbon Fibers Business 87
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation 88
Nippon Graphite Fiber 89
Kureha Corporation 89
Osaka Gas Chemicals 90
Production 90
Consumption 91
Industrial, automotive/transportation and other commercial applications 92
Aircraft and aerospace applications 93
Sporting goods/recreation 94
Price 94
Trade 95
Other Asia and Oceania 96
Producing companies 96
India 97
South Korea 97
Taiwan 98
Thailand 98
Production 98
Consumption 99
Trade 102
Additional resources 103
Revisions 104
Data Workbook 105
Notice 106
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