Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

Carbon Dioxide

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary6
Summary7
Introduction 10
Conversion factors11
Manufacturing processes 12
Sources 12
Industrial by-product12
Hydrogen12
Ethanol12
Substitute natural gas14
Ethylene oxide14
Other14
Natural15
Production (recovery and purification) processes16
Transportation and storage19
Environmental issues20
Supply and demand by region26
World26
Salient statistics26
Consumption27
United States32
Producing companies32
Production and shipments45
Consumption45
Liquid and solid carbon dioxide46
Food industry46
Beverage carbonation49
Oil and gas recovery51
Other51
Gaseous carbon dioxide60
Pipelined for oil and gas recovery60
Captive for chemical manufacture72
Price73
Bulk liquid carbon dioxide73
Pipelined gaseous carbon dioxide74
Trade75
Canada77
Producing companies77
Salient statistics78
Consumption80
Price84
Trade84
Mexico86
Producing companies86
Salient statistics86
Consumption88
Price90
Trade90
Central and South America91
Producing companies91
Salient statistics95
Western Europe96
Producing companies96
Salient statistics 104
Production 106
Consumption 109
Gaseous carbon dioxide 112
CO2 capture from flue gas 113
Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) 113
Liquid carbon dioxide 114
Beverage carbonation 114
Food industry 115
Mixed gases/aerosols 115
Welding 115
Firefighting 116
Foundry applications 116
Medical applications 116
Rubber/plastics 116
Other 116
Solid carbon dioxide 117
Other 118
Price 119
Trade 121
Imports 121
Exports 121
Central Europe 122
Producing companies 122
Salient statistics 125
Production 127
Consumption 129
Price 132
Trade 132
Imports 132
Exports 133
Eastern Europe 133
Producing companies 133
Salient statistics 138
Production 140
Consumption 142
Price 144
Trade 144
Imports 145
Exports 145
Middle East 145
Producing companies 145
Salient statistics 151
Production 152
Consumption 154
Price 157
Trade 158
Imports 158
Exports 158
Africa 159
Producing companies 159
Salient statistics 164
Production 166
Consumption 168
Trade 171
Imports 171
Exports 171
Japan 172
Producing companies 172
Salient statistics 174
Production 176
Consumption 177
Liquid carbon dioxide 180
Welding and cutting 181
Beverage carbonation 181
Food industry 181
Steelmaking 182
Other applications 182
Solid carbon dioxide 182
Price 183
Trade 184
China 185
Producing companies 185
Salient statistics 189
Production 191
Consumption 192
Liquid carbon dioxide 195
Welding and cutting 196
Beverage carbonation 196
Food industry 196
Oil and gas recovery 197
Cigarettes 197
Rubber and plastic processing 197
Firefighting 197
Other 197
Solid carbon dioxide 197
Gaseous carbon dioxide 197
Urea 198
Sodium carbonate 198
Ammonium bicarbonate 198
Precipitated calcium carbonate 198
Other 198
Price 198
Trade 199
Other Asia and Oceania 200
Salient statistics 201
Consumption 202
Northeast Asia 205
Producing companies 205
Salient statistics 207
Production 207
Consumption 208
Trade 209
Southeast Asia 212
Producing companies 212
Salient statistics 215
Production 215
Consumption 216
Trade 217
Southwest Asia 219
Producing companies 219
Salient statistics 220
Production 221
Trade 222
Oceania 223
Producing companies 223
Salient statistics 225
Production 225
Trade 226
Bibliography 228
Filter Sort