Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

Butylenes

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 8
Summary 9
Production capacity 11
Production 14
Consumption 16
Fuel uses 18
Chemical uses 18
Price 19
Introduction 22
Manufacturing processes 24
Refinery sources 24
Catalytic cracking 24
Thermal operations 27
Coproduct from ethylene production 28
Ethylene oligomerization 30
alpha-Olefin production 30
Ethylene dimerization 31
Dehydrogenation of n-butane and isobutane 31
Dehydration of tert-butyl alcohol to isobutylene 32
Cracking of methyl tert-butyl ether 32
Hydrogenation of C4 hydrocarbons 334,33
Isomerization of n-butenes to isobutylene 33
Bio-based production of isobutylene 33
Uses 34
Fuel uses 34
Dimersol 34
Gasoline alkylate 34
MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) and ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) 34
Polymer gasoline 35
Direct blending 35
Other fuel uses 36
Chemical uses 36
Chemical uses for n-butenes 36
Butadiene 36
Butene-1 37
Polyethylene copolymer 37
Polybutene-137
Valeraldehyde 37
1,2-Butylene oxide 38 38
Other butene-1 uses 3838
Butene-238
Propylene 38
Octenes 39
sec-Butyl alcohol 39
Polygas and dimersol chemicals 40
Chemical uses for isobutylene 40
High-purity isobutylene derivatives 40
Butyl rubber 40
Methyl methacrylate (MMA) 40
Polyisobutylenes 41
Substituted phenols 41
Other high-purity isobutylene uses 41
Polyisobutylenes 42
Chemical uses for diisobutylene and triisobutylene 43
Supply and demand by region 44
United States 44
Producing companies 44
Refinery butylenes 44
Ethylene coproduct 46
Isobutanes 49
Salient statistics 50
Production 52
Consumption 53
Fuel uses 54
Gasoline alkylate 54
MTBE and ETBE 54
Polymer gasoline and dimersol 55
Other fuel uses 55
Chemical uses 55
Isobutylene 55
Normal butylenes 58
Canada 62
Producing companies 62
Refinery butylenes 62
Ethylene coproduct 62
Salient statistics 63
Production 65
Consumption 66
Fuel uses 67
Chemical uses 67
Mexico 68
Producing companies 68
Refinery butylenes 68
Ethylene coproduct 68
Salient statistics 69
Production 71
Consumption 72
Fuel uses 73
Chemical uses 73
Central and South America 73
Producing companies 73
Refinery butylenes 73
Ethylene coproduct 74
Salient statistics 75
Production 77
Consumption 79
Fuel uses 80
Chemical uses 80
Western Europe 81
Producing companies 81
Refinery butylenes 81
Ethylene coproduct 83
Salient statistics 86
Production 88
Consumption 89
Fuel uses 90
Chemical uses 90
Central and Eastern Europe 92
Producing companies 92
Refinery butylenes 92
Ethylene coproduct 93
Salient statistics 94
Production 96
Consumption 98
Fuel uses 99
Chemical uses 99
CIS and Baltic States 100
Producing companies 100
Refinery butylenes 100
Ethylene coproduct 101
Salient statistics 102
Production 104
Consumption 106
Fuel uses 107
Chemical uses 107
Middle East 109
Producing companies 109
Refinery butylenes 109
Ethylene coproduct 110
Salient statistics 112
Production 114
Consumption 116
Fuel uses 117
Chemical uses 117
Africa118
Producing companies 118
Refinery butylenes 118
Ethylene coproduct 119
Salient statistics 120
Production 121
Consumption 122
Fuel uses 123
Chemical uses 123
Indian Subcontinent 123
Producing companies 123
Refinery butylenes 123
Ethylene coproduct 124
Salient statistics 124
Production 126
Consumption 128
Fuel uses 129
Chemical uses 129
Northeast Asia 130
Overview 130
Salient statistics 130
Production 132
Consumption 134
Fuel uses 135
Chemical uses 135
Mainland China 137
Producing companies 137
Refinery butylenes 137
Ethylene coproduct 140
Salient statistics 144
Production 146
Consumption 148
Fuel uses 149
Chemical uses 149
Japan 151
Producing companies 151
Refinery butylenes 151
Ethylene coproduct 152
Salient statistics 153
Production 155
Consumption 157
Fuel uses 158
Chemical uses 158
South Korea 159
Producing companies 159
Refinery butylenes 159
Ethylene coproduct 160
Salient statistics 161
Production 163
Consumption 164
Fuel uses 165
Chemical uses 165
Taiwan 166
Producing companies 166
Refinery butylenes 166
Ethylene coproduct 167
Salient statistics 167
Production 169
Consumption 170
Fuel uses 171
Chemical uses 171
Southeast Asia 172
Producing companies 172
Refinery butylenes 172
Ethylene coproduct 173
Salient statistics 175
Production 177
Consumption 178
Fuel uses 179
Chemical uses 179
Additional resources 181
Revisions 183
Filter Sort