Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

1,4-Butanediol

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Industry trends and dynamics 11
Manufacturing processes 12
Reppe process 12
Butadiene–acetic acid process 13
Propylene oxide process 13
Dichlorobutene process 14
n-Butane/maleic anhydride process 15
Renewably derived processes 17
Biosuccinic acid process 17
Genomatica process 18
Environmental and health issues 19
Supply and demand by region 20
United States 20
Producing companies 20
Salient statistics 20
Consumption 21
Tetrahydrofuran 23
gamma-Butyrolactone 24
Polyurethanes 24
Polybutylene terephthalate resins 25
Other 26
Price 26
Trade 27
Canada 28
Latin America 28
Western Europe 29
Producing companies 29
Salient statistics 31
Consumption 32
Tetrahydrofuran 33
Polybutylene terephthalate resins 33
gamma-Butyrolactone 34
Polyurethanes 35
Price 35
Trade 35
Imports 36
Exports 36
Central and Eastern Europe 37
Producing companies 37
Salient statistics 37
Consumption 38
Trade 38
Imports 38
Exports 39
Middle East 39
Producing companies 39
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 40
Trade 41
Imports 41
Exports 42
Africa 43
Producing companies 44
Salient statistics 44
Consumption 44
Trade 44
Imports 44
Exports 45
Japan 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 46
Consumption 47
Tetrahydrofuran 48
Polybutylene terephthalate resins 49
Polyurethanes/other 50
Price 50
Trade 51
China 51
Producing companies 51
Salient statistics 55
Consumption 55
Tetrahydrofuran/polytetramethylene ether glycol 57
Polybutylene terephthalate resins 57
gamma-Butyrolactone 58
Polyurethanes 58
Price 58
Trade 59
Other Asia 61
Overview 61
Producing companies 61
Salient statistics 62
Malaysia 63
South Korea 64
Taiwan 66
India and other Southeast Asian countries 68
Additional resources 70
Revisions 72
Filter Sort