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Boron Minerals and Chemicals

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary9
Summary10
North America21
Central and South America22
Europe22
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)23
Turkey24
Middle East/Africa25
China26
Japan26
Other Asia28
Industry structure and dynamics30
Introduction31
Environmental issues33
Mining issues and regulations33
Health issues33
Boron minerals35
Supply and demand by region35
World35
Reserves35
Salient statistics35
Consumption36
Trade37
United States39
Mineral deposits39
Mineral processing39
Producing companies39
Salient statistics40
Consumption42
Downstream boron chemicals43
Textile and insulation glass fibers43
Ceramic frits, enamels, glazes44
Oil and gas production45
Price46
Trade47
Imports47
Exports48
Canada49
Mexico50
Central and South America51
Reserves51
Argentina51
Bolivia52
Chile53
Peru53
Producing companies53
Production54
Salient statistics55
Consumption56
Trade56
Europe57
Reserves57
Salient statistics57
Consumption58
Price59
Trade60
Commonwealth of Independent States61
Mineral deposits61
Kazakhstan62
Russia62
Salient statistics63
Consumption64
Trade65
Turkey65
Mineral deposits65
Mineral processing66
Producing companies66
Salient statistics67
Consumption69
Trade69
Middle East and Africa70
Salient statistics70
Consumption71
China72
Producing companies72
Salient statistics72
Consumption73
Price74
Trade75
Japan76
Salient statistics76
Consumption76
Price77
Other Asia78
Other Asia78
Boron chemicals80
Manufacturing processes80
Primary boron chemicals80
Borax80
From sodium borate ores80
From calcium borate ores80
From brines81
Anhydrous borax81
Orthoboric Acid81
From sodium borates81
From calcium borates81
From weak brines81
Boron oxide (anhydrous boric acid)81
Derived boron chemicals82
Elemental boron82
Boron halides82
Inorganic borates82
Fluoborates82
Boric acid esters83
Boron hydrides, boranes, and organoboron compounds83
Boron hydrides83
Boranes84
Organoborons84
Refractory boron compounds85
Supply and demand by region85
World85
Salient statistics85
Consumption87
Trade87
United States89
Producing companies89
Primary boron chemicals89
Derived boron chemicals90
Salient statistics95
Primary boron chemicals95
Derived boron chemicals97
Consumption98
Primary boron chemicals98
Derived boron chemicals 107
Price 119
Primary boron chemicals 119
Derived boron chemicals 121
Trade 123
Primary boron chemicals 123
Derived boron chemicals 126
Canada 128
Mexico 128
Central and South America 130
Producing companies 130
Salient Statistics 131
Production 132
Consumption 132
Boric acid 133
Anhydrous borates 133
Borates 133
Peroxoborates 134
Trade 134
Europe 135
Producing companies 135
Primary boron chemicals 135
Derived boron chemicals 135
Salient statistics 137
Consumption 138
Primary boron chemicals 138
Other uses of primary boron chemicals 142
Derived boron chemicals 143
Refractory boron compounds 145
Price 147
Primary boron chemicals 147
Derived boron chemicals 148
Trade 149
Primary boron chemicals 149
Derived boron chemicals 150
Commonwealth of Independent States 151
Producing companies 151
Salient statistics 152
Consumption 152
Trade 153
Price 155
Turkey 155
Producing companies 155
Salient statistics 155
Consumption 157
Trade 157
Middle East and Africa 158
Producing companies 158
Salient statistics 158
Consumption 159
Trade 160
China 161
Producing companies 161
Primary boron chemicals 161
Derived boron chemicals 163
Salient statistics 164
Primary boron chemicals 164
Derived boron chemicals 166
Consumption 166
Primary boron chemicals 166
Derived boron chemicals 169
Price 170
Primary boron chemicals 170
Derived boron chemicals 171
Trade 172
Primary boron chemicals 172
Derived boron chemicals 173
Japan 174
Producing companies 174
Primary boron chemicals 174
Derived boron chemicals 174
Salient statistics 177
Consumption 178
Primary boron chemicals 178
Derived boron chemicals 183
Elemental boron 183
Boron halides 183
Inorganic borates 184
Boron hydrides 185
Price 186
Trade 188
Primary boron chemicals 188
Other Asia 189
Producing companies 189
Primary boron compounds 189
Derived boron chemicals 190
Salient statistics 191
Consumption 192
Trade 194
Additional resources 195
Revisions 196
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